Location: Kenya

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 335 Served

Project Phase:
Installed

Functionality Status:
Functional

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A majority of Wanzuma community members are peasants who rely on farming, small business enterprises and casual labor to make ends meet. Wanzuma Village is unique in that there are people involved in tea farming, even though there are no tea factories around the area.

Water Situation

Wanzuma Spring is dangerous because the catchment area is exposed to contaminants either as a result of human interference or runoff from storm waters. When it rains, chemicals, feces, and other waste washes into the water.

Women and children dunk small containers into the water pooled there, because it’s too shallow for their buckets, pots, and jerrycans. The small jar or cup has to be continuously dunked in order to fill the larger container! When it is delivered back home, it is separated for use between the kitchen, latrine, and living room. Water stored in the living room is covered because it is intended for drinking. After drinking Wanzuma Spring’s water, community members suffer from waterborne diseases like typhoid.

Sanitation Situation

A little over half of households have their own pit latrine. These are made of wood floors and banana leaf, plastic, or mud walls. The families who don’t have their own pit latrines either share with neighbors or seek the privacy of bushes.

Some other households have bathing rooms, and a couple hand-washing stations were observed. Most families throw their garbage near the garden to be composted and used as fertilizer. Any waste that doesn’t decompose is burnt.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least three days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is open defecation and its dangers, as well as having and using a pit latrine.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. Participants will even learn about other important topics like family planning!

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. Mr. Jackson Ososi, the village elder, said “A protection of this spring will enable the community members access clean and safe drinking water. This will help eradicate spread of waterborne diseases as was experienced [in the outbreak] some years back.”


Project Photos


Recent Project Updates


08/28/2017: Wanzuma Community Project Complete

Wanzuma Spring in Wanzuma Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was organized by going door to door urging community members to attend. We held training at the spring, since construction was finished and allowed us to demonstrate care and maintenance.

3 kenya4723 training

Community members listen and watch as the trainer demonstrates how to clean the concrete around the spring.

Training topics included but were not limited to leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. We also took a session to emphasize proper maintenance of the spring protection project. The community should refrain from washing clothes, watering animals, farming with fertilizers, and open defecation in the vicinity.

We brought poster paper and illustrations that facilitated discussion on healthy and unhealthy behaviors. Group discussions were also very effective in helping participants take responsibility for what they were learning. And since we were at the spring, we could easily show the group how to manage and maintain their new clean water point.

2 kenya4719 training illustrations

Illustrations of good and bad hygiene practices present a great focus for discussion groups!

Mr. Douglas Ndega was one of the men who stepped up and made time for this important training. “The training has been of much benefit to us because we have gained more and more information which will rescue our community from poor health and sanitation standards” he shared.

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We will continue to encourage these five families to finish building walls and roofs for privacy.

6 kenya4723 sanitation platform construction

Sanitation platforms are fortified with layers of mesh and concrete to give people a safer, cleaner latrine floor.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided and a few people volunteered their services as laborers.

5 kenya4723 spring construction

Community members delivering materials to the spring protection artisan.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polythene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the head wall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

4 kenya4723 spring construction

Preparing to place the discharge pipe.

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.  Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polythene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Finally, grass was planted and cutoff drains dug to direct surface water away from the spring box.

The only challenge to this project was the weather; it rained as community members were trying to transport materials to the construction site. Having success just took a bit more perseverance in this case! The village elder, Mr. Jason, was a huge encouragement to the community; they could have lost heart during challenges, but he bolstered them and led them to give this project their all.

Mr. Justus Kisali is one of the community members who lives closest to Wanzuma Spring, and was able to watch the transformation from beginning to end. “What a great project in our community! We can now access clean and safe water for our personal use,” he said.


The Water Project : 7-kenya4723-clean-water


04/27/2017: Wanzuma Community Project Underway

Wanzuma Community will soon have a source of clean water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Wanzuma Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and GPS coordinates.

The Water Project and Wanzuma Community Thank You for giving the hope of clean water and good health.


The Water Project : 2-kenya4723-fetching-water


Monitoring Data


Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Vihiga, Chambiti, Wanzuma
ProjectID: 4723
Install Date:  08/28/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Functional - New Project




Contributors

Baby Cake Lane
Lloyd Garrison School
River Bluff Middle School Yellow Block Myah G - Mr. Hensgen's Advisory
Baughman United Methodist Church
North Dunedin Baptist Church
3 individual donor(s)


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Country Details

Kenya

Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.