Location: Kenya

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 200 Served

Project Phase:
Installed

Functionality Status:
Functional

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

Residents of Handidi Village grow crops like maize, beans, cassava, groundnuts and bananas, mainly just for their own consumption. They also grow cash crops like sugarcane and tea, but the proceeds are not enough for their daily needs. Both the tea and sugarcane crops are sensitive to weather changes. During the rainy season, tea crops are affected by the cold and hail, while sugarcane is affected by leaf rust.

During our baseline survey, the challenges for this community were obvious. Most of them live below the poverty line with at least one person in the family moiling and toiling in activities like brick-making or breaking large rocks into smaller ones to sell as construction materials.

Community members wake up early in the morning, with women preparing breakfast for the rest of their families. They then go to fetch water at the spring for general use, while men leave to do work like brick-making. Others go to work on either their own farm, or get paid to labor on another’s farm. By then, the children are off to school.

Water Situation

Handidi Village relies on Malezi Spring, which according to Grace Malezi has existed for over 25 years. The spring serves over 25 household with an approximate total population of 200 people. Women and children are those most responsible for collecting water at this spring for domestic use, while men only go to the spring to collect water for bricking and watering nursery beds. They use containers of different sizes; 20 liters for women and small containers such 3 liters, 5 liters and 10 liters for children.

Malezi Spring is unprotected, with water flowing through bushes before entering the collection point. Here community members have improvised a plastic pipe to collect water. People remain for a long time at the spring waiting for their containers to fill. The worst thing here is that spring, being unprotected, is exposed to different agents of contamination. When it rains, surface runoff draws waste to the source. And human and animal activities contaminate the water to a point that community members suffer from waterborne diseases like typhoid, dysentery and cholera. These waterborne diseases are common diseases in this community and have weakened standards of living as more finances are used for medication rather than development.

Sanitation Situation

Sanitation in this community is wanting. Most people do not have pit latrines, while those who have them keep them in poor state. The latrines are very risky to any living creature, as the young and old have to balance on rotting wooden slats. The practice of open defecation is still common in this community, as they prefer bushes to the dangerous, dirty pit latrines.

Hygiene practices in the community are poor also, as most community members don’t wash their hands after visiting the pit latrines. Litter is disposed of everywhere, because most of the community members do not have compost pits. Dish racks, clotheslines and bathing rooms are not common. The available ones are made of local materials such as used sacks, mosquito nets and tree branches.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

“We have been drinking water without boiling thinking that water is clean as we see on our naked eyes, but it has not been that way. We have been suffering for long time from waterborne diseases and spending a lot resources in medication that could have been used in paying school fees or using on development,” said Grace Malezi, the landowner. Thankfully, protecting the spring will ensure that its water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.


Project Photos


Recent Project Updates


08/28/2017: Clean Water Flowing in Handidi Community

Malezi Spring in Handidi Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was scheduled by coordinating with Mrs. Grace Malezi, since she agreed to greater responsibility as the spring landowner. She asked for a week’s time to mobilize her community to participate, and went door to door inviting people to attend. 14 people ended up attending, surprisingly with two more men than women. Normally, women outnumber the men because they are seen as most responsible for sanitation and water chores in their homes.

5 kenya4725 training

Training participants wave for a group picture!

Training topics included but were not limited to leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. We also took a session to emphasize proper maintenance of the spring protection project. The community should refrain from washing clothes, watering animals, farming with fertilizers, and open defecation in the vicinity.

We brought poster paper and illustrations that facilitated discussion on healthy and unhealthy behaviors. Group discussions were also very effective in helping participants take responsibility for what they were learning. And since we near the spring, we could easily show the group how to manage and maintain their new clean water point. One of the most important sessions was on hand-washing, which is a great, efficient way to prevent the spread of disease.

4 kenya4725 training

The trainer, Catherine, pours water as a participant follows the steps of thorough hand-washing.

Mr. Nelson Mwongoi said, “I am sincerely happy for your contribution made towards protection of this spring, and for ensuring that we get clean and safe water for drinking. More so for enlightening us on so many issues ranging from poultry farming, sanitation and hygiene, water and foodstuff handling, leadership and governance and so many others.”

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We will continue to encourage these five families to finish building walls and roofs for privacy.

25 Mrs. Grace Malezi and her sanitation platform

Mrs. Malezi lives with her family next to the spring. They were one of the needy families who benefitted from a new latrine floor!

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided and a few people volunteered their services as laborers.

6 kenya4725 construction

A local man helps the artisan mix concrete.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polythene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the head wall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.  Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polythene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Finally, grass was planted and cutoff drains dug to direct surface water away from the spring box.

7 kenya4725 construction

Some local men stand at the artisan’s call as he builds the steps down to the spring.

Nicholas Likami was there to witness the transformation as others fetched their first containers of clean water. “I am now 68 years of age, and I have been drinking water from this spring. I suffered from waterborne diseases through consuming water from this source. It’s truly God’s mercies that am still a live today! I am expecting to live longer since am now able to access clean and safe water for drinking,” Mr. Likami exclaimed.

Thank You, Nandansons Charitable Foundation!


The Water Project : 27-kenya4725-thank-you-nandansons


06/19/2017: Handidi Community Project Now Underway

Handidi Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Malezi Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.


The Water Project : 3-kenya4725-malezi-spring


Monitoring Data


Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Kakamega, Handidi
ProjectID: 4725
Install Date:  08/28/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Functional - New Project




Contributors

Project Sponsor - Nandansons Charitable Foundation


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Country Details

Kenya

Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.