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The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Construction
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Construction
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Group Picture After Training
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Hand Washing
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Hand Washing
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Hand Washing
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Latrine
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Bricks Waiting For Baking
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Breaking Stones For A Living
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Banana Trees
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Mrs Timina At Her House
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Households
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Alunyoli Spring
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Alunyoli Spring
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Talking About The Spring
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Woman Washes Clothes At The Spring
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Activity Around The Spring
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Alunyoli Spring
The Water Project: Shikoti Community B -  Alunyoli Spring

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 245 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Nov 2017

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/09/2018

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

Women living in this part of Shikoti wake up around 6am to go look for enough water for drinking, cleaning, making bricks and other uses at home. In this community, the majority of people make bricks to sell and earn a living. When other neighboring communities are busy preparing the land for crops, these folks are busy forming and baking bricks. Their business is doing very well because many people are building their houses and even business in this area. They also plant sugarcane which they say gives them money to get their children an education.

Water Situation

A total of 245 individuals from 35 different households rely on Alunyoli Spring to meet their water needs.

Someone fixed a broken pipe at the spring eye to siphon water. The spring is open to contamination from surface runoff, wild animals, and many other sources. When we visited, we saw some dogs drink from the spring and noted children relieving themselves nearby.

After drinking water fetched from Alunyoli Spring, community members suffer from waterborne diseases like typhoid.

Sanitation Situation

Less than half of households have their own pit latrine. Those without a latrine share with their neighbor, while most children prefer the privacy of bushes to relieve themselves. Latrines are not safe for children and elderly who struggle to balance on wooden logs or slippery mud floors. Because of these poor conditions, open defecation puts the rest of the community at risk as contaminated waste is easily spread around the village.

There are only a few hand-washing stations, though none of them have soap.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that its water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

38-year-old Diminah is one of the many who makes bricks day in and day out. She’s been in the community for several years, and recounts “The politicians thought after promising us every now and then that they will protect our spring and they don’t, nobody can come and do it. They will be in for a surprise if you protect it!”

Project Updates

11/27/2017: Shikoti Community Project Complete

Alunyoli Spring in Shikoti Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

We stopped by the community leading up to training to ensure that everyone was invited and prepare to attend. This was especially convenient, since we are monitoring another spring that is only two kilometers away.

Attendance was good, with many more men than women. This is because the men say that women should be most responsible for water, sanitation and hygiene in the home.

Participants pose for a group picture after training.

Two of our facilitators covered several topics, including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many others.

Demonstrations were some of the most popular parts of the training, with participants enjoying getting their hands involved. We did this with hand-washing, teaching the 10 steps of washing with soap and running water. We also took participants to their spring, where construction had recently finished. There we were able to teach about proper spring use, management, and simple maintenance.

During our visits following training, it was evident that community members were taking what they learned seriously. Participants ensured that their own families have latrines, bathing rooms, and dish racks. They even went out to their neighbors to check whether or not they were building these facilities too.

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Beneficiaries gather around their new sanitation platform.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided, and a few people even volunteered their time and strength to help the artisan with manual labor.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Plastering the headwall

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.  Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Finally, grass was planted and cutoff drains dug to direct surface water away from the spring box.

The only challenge during this process was the rain. It seems construction was scheduled during the brunt of a rainy season, and it delayed a lot of our artisan’s work as he covered up his progress and sought a dry shelter. The community is so grateful for his perseverance as he continued to return and finish what he started.

This process has transformed Alunyoli Spring into a clean water source. People gathered to celebrate this transformation and fetch their first buckets of clean water. We heard people say things like “at long last we have access to clean and safe drinking water!”

The Water Project : 12-kenya4734-clean-water

10/23/2017: Shikoti Community Project Underway

Shikoti Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Alunyoli Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.

The Water Project : 2-kenya4734-alunyoli-spring

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Pacey Foundation of the Bank of America Charitable Gift Fund
Data Abstract Solutions Inc.
3 individual donor(s)