The Water Project : 15-kenya4743-dish-rack
The Water Project : 14-kenya4743-rodah-by-her-latrine
The Water Project : 13-kenya4743-mrs-manga
The Water Project : 12-kenya4743-traditional-latrine
The Water Project : 11-kenya4743-water-containers
The Water Project : 10-kenya4743-walking-for-dirty-water
The Water Project : 9-kenya4743-heavy-container
The Water Project : 8-kenya4743-manga-spring
The Water Project : 7-kenya4743-manga-spring
The Water Project : 6-kenya4743-waiting-for-container-to-fill
The Water Project : 5-kenya4743-fetching-water
The Water Project : 4-kenya4743-fetching-water
The Water Project : 3-kenya4743-girls-fetch-water-from-manga-spring
The Water Project : 2-kenya4743-ready-to-fetch-water
The Water Project : 1-kenya4743-cleaning-out-a-container

Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date:   (Explain This?)  03/15/2018

Functionality Status: 

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

There are over 30 households in this area of Shitoto. Some families include up to 10 children! The village elder told us, “All women who get married to our sons are not allowed to use family planning methods, its their responsibility to give birth until they unable to give birth.” Parents can’t afford to send these children to school, so they instead send them off to work from very young ages. Most go to the urban center in the area to either work as house girls or farm boys.

The parents who remain here practice farming and brick making. The crops grown are mainly maize, bananas, beans, and other vegetables. Some farmers attempt to grow sugarcane, which is particularly hard to grow but sells for high prices. Forming and baking bricks to sell also helps these people earn enough money to put food on the table.

Water Situation

The main source of water for this part of Shitoto is William Manga Spring, named after the landowner. The spring is open to contamination from waste washed into the spring by rainwater. It is also contaminated from all of the activity around the spring, since there are 210 individuals who must fill their containers here.

And due to a huge shortage of latrines in the area, many people use the privacy of nearby sugarcane plantations to relieve themselves. This waste is then spread throughout the community by rain, flies, and wild animals. The locals have proven creative, though; they’ve fixed a metal sheet to function as a pipe. Water pours out and allows them to hold their containers underneath the flow until full.

After drinking this water, people suffer from diarrheal diseases. These waterborne illnesses especially affect small children.

Sanitation Situation

Less than half of households in this area have their own pit latrine. Even this small number of latrines were in a bad state; mud walls were falling apart and wooden floors were rotting. With these rickety floors, users risk falling through the logs and into the pit. In fact, stories of latrine users falling through to injury or death are not uncommon.

An even smaller number of families have bathing shelters set up, while none have any containers dedicated to hand-washing. These observations prove that personal hygiene is not a priority in Shitoto. The priority is to make ends meet, but that cannot be done while suffering ill health.

A low number have built helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines to dry belongings up off the ground.

Mr. William Manga, the landowner, gave us a tour of his home and his community’s spring. “Thank you for coming to this poor community, due to lack of toilets many people have been using sugarcane plantations for defecation, when it rains waste is washed in to the unprotected spring, am going to start sinking a pit right now and avail the required materials.”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe and adequate for drinking. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Recent Project Updates

01/15/2018: Shitoto Community Project Underway

Shitoto Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Manga Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.

The Water Project : 6-kenya4743-waiting-for-container-to-fill

Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Project Data

Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Kakamega, Shikoti, Butsotso, Shitoto
ProjectID: 4743

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.