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The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Spring Foundation
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Rodah By Her Latrine
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Mrs Manga
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Traditional Latrine
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Walking For Dirty Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Heavy Container
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Manga Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Manga Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Waiting For Container To Fill
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Girls Fetch Water From Manga Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Ready To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community A -  Cleaning Out A Container

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Feb 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

There are over 30 households in this area of Shitoto. Some families include up to 10 children! The village elder told us, “All women who get married to our sons are not allowed to use family planning methods, its their responsibility to give birth until they unable to give birth.” Parents can’t afford to send these children to school, so they instead send them off to work from very young ages. Most go to the urban center in the area to either work as house girls or farm boys.

The parents who remain here practice farming and brick making. The crops grown are mainly maize, bananas, beans, and other vegetables. Some farmers attempt to grow sugarcane, which is particularly hard to grow but sells for high prices. Forming and baking bricks to sell also helps these people earn enough money to put food on the table.

Water Situation

The main source of water for this part of Shitoto is William Manga Spring, named after the landowner. The spring is open to contamination from waste washed into the spring by rainwater. It is also contaminated from all of the activity around the spring, since there are 210 individuals who must fill their containers here.

And due to a huge shortage of latrines in the area, many people use the privacy of nearby sugarcane plantations to relieve themselves. This waste is then spread throughout the community by rain, flies, and wild animals. The locals have proven creative, though; they’ve fixed a metal sheet to function as a pipe. Water pours out and allows them to hold their containers underneath the flow until full.

After drinking this water, people suffer from diarrheal diseases. These waterborne illnesses especially affect small children.

Sanitation Situation

Less than half of households in this area have their own pit latrine. Even this small number of latrines were in a bad state; mud walls were falling apart and wooden floors were rotting. With these rickety floors, users risk falling through the logs and into the pit. In fact, stories of latrine users falling through to injury or death are not uncommon.

An even smaller number of families have bathing shelters set up, while none have any containers dedicated to hand-washing. These observations prove that personal hygiene is not a priority in Shitoto. The priority is to make ends meet, but that cannot be done while suffering ill health.

A low number have built helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines to dry belongings up off the ground.

Mr. William Manga, the landowner, gave us a tour of his home and his community’s spring. “Thank you for coming to this poor community, due to lack of toilets many people have been using sugarcane plantations for defecation, when it rains waste is washed in to the unprotected spring, am going to start sinking a pit right now and avail the required materials.”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe and adequate for drinking. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


02/21/2018: Shitoto Community Project Complete

Manga Spring in Shitoto Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

Project Result: New Knowledge

Mrs. Adelaide Hamu, the newly elected chairwoman of the water user committee, helped invite everyone to hygiene and sanitation training. It was held at William Manga Spring as construction was ongoing. There were 23 participants, all who were excited and grateful for the opportunity to learn.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many others. Since we were by the spring, we could run through hands-on management and maintenance demonstrations. Many of these individuals have joined a water user committee that will primarily be responsible for this water source.

We spent an entire session on hand-washing and its importance. When, how, and why should one wash their hands? We also taught participants how to construct their own hand-washing stations with local and affordable materials.

At the end of training, Chairwoman Hamu stood up and said, “I thank God who has been with us since we started this work. Secondly, I want to thank our facilitators, especially the one who taught us Group Dynamics. Personally, I had given up being a member of any group since I was in a group – and when we reached storming stage, we had no one to guide us and that was the end of our group. Now that I have learned and am able to solve any issue that may arise at any stage, I promise to be at the front of this group that we have formed.”

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided, and we asked a few people to volunteer their time and strength to help the artisan with manual labor. The people living in this area of Shitoto were especially helpful; even children helped to carry stones right over to our artisan.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Excavation

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Pouring concrete down to form the stairs.

Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

All this has transformed Manga Spring into a flowing, clean water source. People arrived right away to fetch their first jerrycans of that clean water, and we were there to capture some of that joy.


The Water Project : 27-kenya4743-clean-water


01/15/2018: Shitoto Community Project Underway

Shitoto Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Manga Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.


The Water Project : 6-kenya4743-waiting-for-container-to-fill


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!