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The Water Project : 25-kenya4747-sanitation-platforms
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The Water Project : 23-kenya4747-latrine-construction
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The Water Project : 9-kenya4747-management-training
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The Water Project : 1-kenya4747-shikanga-spring

Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A day in Futsi Fuvili Community usually starts at the rooster’s call at 6am when the men wake up to milk the cows. Meanwhile, the women clean the house and prepare breakfast for the whole family. After milking the cows the man takes the milk to the nearby shopping center to sell. The women send their children off to school, after which they head to fetch water for household use. And by then, it’s time to start preparing lunch for the entire family, since children are given a break at lunch to return home. Once lunch is ready, the women are then free to work on their farms. The day usually ends after dinner at 8pm since that’s when the sun sets.

Water Situation

Shikanga Spring serves about 50 households, providing enough water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and watering animals. But its water is dirty, contaminated by waste delivered by rainwater and animals that come and go. And since there’s 350 people fetching their water from here, it’s severely contaminated by all of the busyness in the area throughout the day. Not to mention the water containers brought to the spring aren’t even clean!

The community took initiative, fixing a pipe at the place from which they saw water flowing. Now, they place their containers under the discharge pipe until full.

Water meant for drinking is transferred into another container at home, normally located in the living room. These are covered and made of clay, which is thought to keep the water at a cooler temperature. After drinking water from Shikanga Spring, people suffer from waterborne diseases that bring diarrhea, stomachaches and headaches. So much money that could go towards development is instead spent on treating these illnesses.

Sanitation Situation

The condition of latrines observed in this community were all over the spectrum; some were in great condition, while others were almost collapsing in on themselves. The most common latrine is made of mud and iron sheets. However, less than half of the households in Futsi Fuvili even have their own pit latrine. Because of these poor conditions, open defecation is an issue here. People prefer to use the privacy of bushes to relieve themselves, leaving their waste to be spread around the community by flies, wild animals, and rainwater.

Nobody has a hand-washing station, while few have helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines. Farmer Askari Shikanga is the landowner who invites his community to sate their thirst at this spring. He said, “The people of this community lack sanitation knowledge because no one has taken an initiative to seek for it; people are therefore still suffering and their inactivity to improve the situation has exposed the whole village to diseases. We are therefore at risk.”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe and adequate for drinking. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Recent Project Updates

01/10/2018: Futsi Fuvili Community A Project Complete

Shikanga Spring in Futsi Fuvili Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Mr. Abraham was the person who first introduced us to the community, and he quickly became our contact person for activities. He went household to household inviting everyone to two days of hygiene and sanitation training. It was held at Mr. Aggrey Shikanga’s place, since he lives closest to the spring and has a lot of shade for participants to sit under. It was attended by several community members, all who respectfully listened to our trainers and spoke boldly when they had questions.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many others.

Hand-washing with running water and soap

When it came to water treatment community members shared that they don’t want to boil water because they don’t have enough firewood, but they don’t want to use chlorine either. They say chlorine gives water a bad taste. Thus, we taught them about solar disinfection.

Also, most families in Futsi Fuvili have over seven children! We taught quite a bit on family planning; that you can’t support seven children by farming a small plot of land. We contacted a local medical practitioner who is more than willing to hold another training on this topic exclusively. The community is thrilled to have the opportunity to set up another training!

People started putting what they learned into action right away; some women had uncovered water containers which they promised to cover, while many others returned home to build dish racks.

Mr. Philip Shikanga said, “I take this wonderful time to thank you people for the good work you have done for us. Actually, we have gained a lot from the training. You have really made us learn more on water storage, family planning, hygiene and sanitation.”

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided, and we asked a few people to volunteer their time and strength to help the artisan with manual labor.

A cart full of little helpers!

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Excavating up to the spring eye

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Water was diverted so that community members could still get water during construction.

Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Community members then helped us plant grass and dig cutoff drains to direct surface water away from the spring box. This process transformed Shikanga Spring into a clean water source!

Mr. Abraham said, “When I was growing up, my father had a strong desire to get this spring protected. Although he is now very old, and I’m old too, we are now happy that this dream has been realized and our kids will enjoy safe and clean water.”

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09/14/2017: Futsi Fuvili Community Project Underway

Futsi Fuvili Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Shikanga Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.

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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Kakamega, Malava, Shirugu, Futsi Fuvili
ProjectID: 4747
Install Date:  01/10/2018

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Functional - New Project


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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.