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The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Helping The Artisans
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Helping The Artisans
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Helping The Artisans
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Digging Drainage
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Pit Latrine
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Chairwoman Agripina Arigula
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Church In The Village
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Mud Latrine With No Door
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Homestead
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Village Elder Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Women Going To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Kakubudu Community -  Fred Lagueni Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 445 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Mar 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A normal day in Kakubudu Community starts at 5 am. This is when most men here get up and onto their motorbikes to search for customers. They earn money by taxiing others to and fro. The women wake up at 6 am to prepare the children for school, then they start their daily household chores. After these, most women go out looking for casual work such as washing clothes and doing other people’s farm work. They return at 12 pm to prepare lunch for the entire family, because even the children are sent home from school for an hour. The women must then go out again to fetch water and firewood to prepare supper.

We learned about Kakubudu Community and its clean water scarcity through the students and  teachers at Kakubudu Primary School, where we’re helping students get clean water (click here to see). A project at this school will only have its full impact on students if they have clean water at home, too – so they directed us here to see Fred Lagueni Spring.

Water Situation

One of the main water sources in Kakubudu is Fred Lagueni Spring. It is in a bushy area that attracts a lot of insects, many of which can be seen in the water. The more people who use the spring, the dirtier the water becomes – the bottom is stirred up as people repeatedly dip their containers. The spring is especially dirty during the rainy season when rainwater washes feces, farming chemicals, and dirt into the water.

Community members are using Fred Lagueni’s water for all of their needs, including drinking. After drinking, there is constant typhoid and parasitic complications. Mr. Fred Makaka commented, “The health situation in this community is so poor with most people suffering from diseases such as typhoid and amoeba. The situation cannot be easily salvaged because most of this people are poor; seeking medical attention becomes expensive. Being a polygamous village, women suffer more because they are left to cater for their [huge] families on their own most of the time.”

Sanitation Situation

Less than half of the households in Kakubudu have a pit latrine. While some people share sanitation facilities with their neighbors, others reportedly opt for open defecation; this was exposing the entire community to fecal-oral diseases. If latrines are old, dirty, or poorly built, using the bushes as a bathroom often seems the safer option. Most of the latrines are traditionally built using thatched sticks filled in with mud.

Only a few families have and use hand-washing stations, dish racks, and clotheslines. These are all easy to construct with local materials, so we plan to teach why and how to do so when training in Kakubudu.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is open defecation and its dangers, as well as having and using a pit latrine.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Project Updates


03/12/2018: Kakubudu Community Project Complete

Fred Laugeni Spring in Kakubudu Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

(Editor’s Note: A technical difficulty in the field only allowed us to get small pictures of training, some construction, and sanitation platforms. Sorry for any inconvenience this may cause.)

Project Result: New Knowledge

Since the community had already formed a water and sanitation committee for Kakubudu, we worked closely with the committee to arrange hygiene and sanitation training. They urged at least one member of every household to attend sessions at the spring site.

Thanks to the baseline survey, we were able to address serious issues like open defecation. We led the participants in CLTS to motivate them to take action. They then worked together to create an action plan that will benefit everyone.

Some of the other topics we covered included:

– Hand-washing

– Handling water and food hygienically

– Safe waste disposal

– Water treatment

– Management and maintenance of the water point

One of the first concrete actions the ladies took after training was to look for better water containers. Many had been using open buckets, but the majority immediately adopted covered jerrycans.

Mrs. Agripina Arigula said, “I am so happy that I attended this training on water, sanitation and hygiene. For me, I never knew that a child’s waste is equally harmful as our’s. But now I know, and I want to totally make sure that I throw it away in the latrine and not behind the kitchen with the other trash.”

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine all their own, and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and tea, uji (porridge) and dinner were provided for the artisan, and we asked a few people to volunteer their time and strength to help the artisan with manual labor.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

This process transformed Fred Laugeni Spring into a source of flowing, clean water. There was so much excitement as water started coming from the pipe. Mrs. Agripina said, “I had gone to various leaders, ranging from members of the county assembly to members of parliament, not forgetting the deputy governor. I asked them all to assist us in getting clean, safe water. All their empty promises never yielded anything. But you, you are angels sent from heaven!”


The Water Project : 24-kenya4749-clean-water


11/21/2017: Kakubudu Community Project Underway

Kakubudu Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Fred Lagueni Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.


The Water Project : 4-kenya4749-village-elder-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

1 individual donor(s)