The Water Project : 20-kenya4751-dish-rack
The Water Project : 19-kenya4751-dish-rack
The Water Project : 18-kenya4751-clothesline
The Water Project : 17-kenya4751-bathing-shelter
The Water Project : 16-kenya4751-bathing-shelter
The Water Project : 15-kenya4751-latrine-floor
The Water Project : 14-kenya4751-latrine-and-hand-washing-station
The Water Project : 13-kenya4751-ducks
The Water Project : 12-kenya4751-banana-plantation
The Water Project : 11-kenya4751-dogs
The Water Project : 10-kenya4751-mr-francis-oluda-at-his-home
The Water Project : 9-kenya4751-household
The Water Project : 8-kenya4751-saina-spring
The Water Project : 7-kenya4751-mr-erastus
The Water Project : 6-kenya4751-mr-erastus-chimwadi-drinking-water-from-the-spring
The Water Project : 5-kenya4751-walking-home
The Water Project : 4-kenya4751-carrying-water
The Water Project : 3-kenya4751-fetching-water
The Water Project : 2-kenya4751-elizabeth-fetching-water-at-saina-spring
The Water Project : 1-kenya4751-elizabeth-fetching-water-at-saina-spring

Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date:   (Explain This?)  03/15/2018

Functionality Status: 

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed):

Welcome to the Community

Welcome to this village of 570 residents who begin their day at 6am by heading out to their farms. Many engage in small-scale dairy farming, raising poultry and growing bananas. Sugarcane is also planted as a cash crop to be sold to factories and markets. Their subsistence farming consists of vegetables, maize, beans and ground nuts.

The Maragoli tribe have lived here peacefully without internal conflict amongst themselves using water from this unprotected spring for a long period of time.

Water Situation

Saina Spring looks like it’s just a pool of water at the bottom of a slope. It is contaminated by surface runoff, improper waste disposal, bacteria and soil erosion. During a visit to the spring, a WEWASAFO staff even saw rotten blue gum leaves inside the water. Also, when one of the community members was fetching water, drops of water were falling on her bare feet and dropping back into the spring. The children have been suffering from coughs, stomachaches and rashes on their skin which result from bathing with water from this unprotected spring.

The shortage of safe water results in many people spending resources to acquire it from vendors.  When they cannot, there are waterborne diseases to deal with.

“Many people in this area fall sick, but do not seek medical attention. Most of these people rely on painkillers as the only way of controlling unknown sickness as ailing people do not go for medical test(s) to find out the cause of (an) ailment,” reported Albert Mahadana Anyika, a community farmer.

(Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)

Sanitation Situation

Over 75% of the households here have pit latrines which are semi-permanent, made of wood floors, walls of mud, old iron sheet roofs and doors often made of old bedsheets or iron sheeting. They are often rickety structures that offer little privacy and can become unsafe after years of use. The wood floors cannot easily be cleaned and decay to the point of collapsing, oftentimes while in use.

Many households have dish racks and clotheslines, although most are of a rudimentary nature. Many people heap up their solid garbage and allow it to decompose, and later use it as organic farm manure. Some households have hand-washing stations, but most do not.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least three days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts and demonstrations at the spring.  Training objectives will be on how to access safe clean drinking water, to educate the community on proper hygiene and sanitation practices, to have safe and sound sanitation facilities and to also provide a wider knowledge on health issues affecting them.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, the Elunyu Village members will select five of their families to benefit from new latrines. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit over which the sanitation platforms will be placed.

Plans: Spring Protection

Saina Spring could well serve the entire community of 80 households, since it does not dry up – even during times of drought.
The community will provide the local materials such as crushed rocks and gravel, clean sand, poles for fencing, unskilled labour and accommodation and food for the work team.
Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure, and allow the community to invest more of their time and energies in economically productive activities as well as family relationships.

“Our spring has been in existence for over 70 years,” said Albert Mahadana. “We have been trying to reach out to our elected leaders to try and help us protect our spring… Thanks to you for considering our unprotected spring from among the many needy communities.”

Recent Project Updates

11/21/2017: Elunyu Community Project Underway

Elunyu Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Saina Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.

The Water Project : 2-kenya4751-elizabeth-fetching-water-at-saina-spring

Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Project Data

Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Vihiga, Sabatia, Busali, Itegero, Elunyu
ProjectID: 4751


Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.