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Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional



Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A normal day in Hondolo Community starts at 6am. Parents who have school-going children start by preparing them for school. Once they have finished and seen them off, they embark on subsistence farming activities. They usually grow maize and beans.

Poverty levels are very high in Hondolo Village, with most children seen at home throughout the day because their parents cannot manage to pay their school fees.

Water Situation

Musila Spring is one of the main water sources for the families in Hondolo Community. Women make several trips a day with their 20-liter jerrycans full of dirty water. They must also carry a smaller container or a cup to help them bail from the pool of water to their jerrycan. When the water levels are high, women are able to hold their jerrycan under the surface until full.

Musila Spring is located at the bottom of the hill, which makes it especially susceptible to contamination – farming chemicals, dirt, and waste is washed into the water when it rains. People even step into the water as they fill their containers, further dirtying the water. During the dry season, this spring continues to flow with water. Because of this, even more families travel to find water at Musila Spring.

This water is used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. After consuming this water, waterborne disease follows.

Sanitation Situation

Less than half of households have pit latrines. Those seen during our visit are in poor condition – many are full and smelly, while others are missing doors! Because of these poor conditions, open defecation is an issue. People prefer the privacy of bushes or farms to relieve themselves, whereafter waste is spread by animals, flies, and rainwater. Even one offender can jeopardize the health of an entire community!

Less than half of households use helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines to dry their belongings. There are a few hand-washing stations here, and we’ve included a picture of one of these.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Protecting this spring will result in increased water quality and water flow. Those living in Hondolo will thus be able to live happier, healthier lives as they efficiently fill their containers with clean water from Musila Spring.


Recent Project Updates


10/13/2017: Hondolo Community Project Complete

Musila Spring in Hondolo Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held at Mr. Calister Musila’s homestead. He also helped us track down everyone who fetches water at the spring so we could invite them to attend. We worked to ensure that all groups of people were represented; young and old, men and women.

Training ended up reaching a total of 19 people, out of which 15 were women and four were men. Women normally outnumber men just because they are seen as most responsible for water, hygiene and sanitation at a household level.

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Training participants pose for a group picture.

Training topics included but were not limited to leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. We also took a session to emphasize proper maintenance of the spring protection project. The community should refrain from washing clothes, watering animals, farming with fertilizers, and open defecation in the vicinity.

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Onsite training at the spring protection system to demonstrate its management and maintenance.

We brought poster paper and illustrations that facilitated discussion on healthy and unhealthy behaviors. Group discussions were also very effective in helping participants take responsibility for what they were learning. And since we were at the landowner’s home, we could easily walk to the spring and take the group over water point management and maintenance.

Hand-washing was one of our most important demonstrations; we taught how to build hand-washing stations out of accessible and affordable materials, how you should always have a cleaning agent like soap and ash, and to follow the ten steps for thorough washing. Everyone had a chance to practice!

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Hand-washing Demonstration

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We will continue to encourage these five families to finish building walls and roofs for privacy.

45-year-old Florence was one of the sanitation platform beneficiaries. She told us, “Now I believe that God answers prayers! Gone are the days when we suffered and awaited our political leaders to assist. Personally, I suffered a life of humiliation as a wife due to lack of a latrine. I dreaded the days when visitors will come visiting, as my toilet was old and risky to use. Now I am proud, and confidently can welcome visitors in my home.”

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This family now has a safe place to use the bathroom; children and the elderly no longer have to fear losing balance and falling through dangerous wooden slats.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Oftentimes, a community will put funds together in a kitty to order sand and gravel from construction workers. However, these community members spent no coin in buying sand, ballast or hard core. Instead, men hammered down the rocks in their area to make ballast and hard core. The same men harvested sand in the nearby Isasala River, while women helped transport these materials to the construction site. Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided and a few people volunteered their services as laborers.

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Large stones that local men delivered to the construction site.

Community members here were so helpful to our team as we built the spring protection system, so everything went according to plan.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polythene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the head wall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

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The excavation team!

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.  Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polythene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Finally, grass was planted and cutoff drains dug to direct surface water away from the spring box.

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Alaxine Namusasi was there with many other women, men and children to fetch their first containers of clean water. “I am very, very grateful because you have solved the problem that we had !” she exclaimed. Mrs. Hellen Muhonja added, “This spring is our gold! We are going to do our best to make sure it well maintained. After waiting for that long period, can’t allow anyone to misuse it!”


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08/10/2017: Hondolo Community Project Underway

Hondolo Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Musila Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.


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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos


Monitoring Data


Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Kakamega, Hondolo
ProjectID: 4845
Install Date:  10/13/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Functional - New Project




Country Details

Kenya

Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.