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The Water Project : 6-kenya4846-sanitation-platform-construction
The Water Project : 5-kenya4846-spring-construction
The Water Project : 4-kenya4846-training
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The Water Project : 7-kenya4846-sample-latrine
The Water Project : 6-kenya4846-sample-dishrack
The Water Project : 5-kenya4846-community
The Water Project : 4-kenya4846-traditional-mud-latrine
The Water Project : 3-kenya4846-lady-and-child-who-rely-on-shakava-spring
The Water Project : 2-kenya4846-mr-shakava-removing-contaminants
The Water Project : 1-kenya4846-shakava-spring

Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 266 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional



Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

The people of Chegulo Community are basically all farmers, most who plant large plantations of sugarcane to sell in bulk to Butali Sugar Company. Others are farmers on a smaller scale who sell foods like maize and vegetables in the local market.

A normal day here starts at around 5:30am when people wake up to work on their farms until about 6am. During this time, the moon is still up and provides adequate lighting. They then head back home to make breakfast and prepare children for school. Once they’ve seen the children off, the parents go out again to look for odd jobs that will bring in extra income. Dinner is around 6pm, after which they get ready for bed. Since there’s no electricity in Chegulo, the day is only as long as the sun is up.

Water Situation

Shakava Spring is one of the main water sources in Chegulo Community. This spring is so dirty that at first glance it looks like a puddle. The water is murky and moss floats on the top. Mr. Shakava himself tries his best to clear the water’s surface on a daily basis, but more contaminants are washed into the water whenever it rains.

Community members normally bring two containers to Shakava Spring; one small cup to fill a larger jerrycan. A small cup is useful to bail water with because one can avoid the waste floating in the water. There’s no storage at home, so water is kept in the same container until used.

A safe water shortage for this community translates to limited hygiene and sanitation for both the elderly and young people. They end up looking for ways to save the little water they manage to collect; resulting in a number of diseases that need to be treated with the little money they earn.

Sanitation Situation

Less than half of households that rely on Shakava Spring have latrines. These are built in the traditional way using thatched sticks filled in with mud, with sugar sacks hanging in the doorway. The pits are covered with wooden slats that the user is supposed to balance on. These are prone to rot and are immensely difficult to clean.

Because of these poor conditions, open defecation is an issue in Chegulo; people prefer the privacy behind buildings or bushes over dangerous, dirty latrines. Since open defecation endangers the entire community, everyone should support each other in the building of newer, safer latrines.

Mr. James Andanje explained a little more about conditions in Chegulo, saying “The people here use whatever little water they get for cooking [and drinking], this is however limited by the fact that this water is not clean at all – thus leading to diseases such as diarrhea, amoeba and coughing too, since just a handful of them [community members] boil their drinking water. With this kind of trend, people hardly consider sanitation concerns such as hand-washing and even cleaning their toilets and clothes. We therefore need people like you to intervene and enlighten us more!”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least three days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from concrete latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.


Recent Project Updates


09/28/2017: Chegulo Community Project Complete

Shakava Spring in Chegulo Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was organized in consultation with local leadership who could recommend the best time and place to meet. The community decided the best place would be at the spring, since construction was almost finished and we could use it for water point management and maintenance demonstrations.

We were so surprised to arrive the first day with a large crowd of people waiting excitedly. Women even brought their children! It’s most often the other way around; we’d arrive in a community and have to wait for them to finish their work and trickle in to training. Everyone listened respectfully and asked a lot of questions.

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Training topics included but were not limited to leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. The community should refrain from washing clothes, watering animals, farming with fertilizers, and open defecation in the vicinity.

Group discussions were very effective in helping participants take responsibility for what they were learning. And since we were at the spring, we could easily show the group how to manage and maintain their new clean water point. We demonstrated the ten steps to properly washing hands and allowed everyone a chance to practice.

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Participants look on as a man follows the trainer’s instructions on how to properly wash hands.

Participants were grateful for what they learned, admitting that a lot of the information wasn’t just encouraging but entirely new, too. They were especially appreciative of the steps they can take to ensure their spring never dries up. They promised not to grow any blue gum trees nearby, which soak up any available water. They will also build a fence to protect the spring protection from animals.

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. Mr. James Andanje said, “Our lives were in danger because of open defecation. When it rains, the dirt was washed into the spring and then we’d drink because there was no other source around that was protected.” We will continue to encourage these five families to finish building walls and roofs for privacy.

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Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided and a few people volunteered their services as laborers.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polythene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the head wall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

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As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.  Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polythene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Finally, grass was planted and cutoff drains dug to direct surface water away from the spring box.

This process has transformed Shakava Spring into a clean water source.

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This is a very vibrant community focused on improving their economic lives. We observed this during the training – they were interested in poultry keeping and growing cash crops. The people we trained promised to tell other community members, especially the women, to come together and form a group to do business. They said they had believed keeping poultry was only to prepare food for visitors. They feel enlightened and hopeful that what they learned will improve their lives. We’re so happy that clean water will unlock these kinds of opportunities!


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08/23/2017: Chegulo Community Project Underway

Chegulo Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Shakava Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.


The Water Project : 2-kenya4846-mr-shakava-removing-contaminants


Explore More of The Project

Project Photos


Monitoring Data


Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Kakamega, Malava, Mausi, Chegulo
ProjectID: 4846
Install Date:  09/28/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Functional - New Project




Country Details

Kenya

Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.