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The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Finished Construction
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Cleaning
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Polyethelene Cover
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Polyethelene Cover
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Backfilling The Spring
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Here To Help
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Delivery Of Little Helpers
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Mixing Concrete
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Placing The Discharge Pipe
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Woman Carrying Bricks For Construction
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Deserted Latrine
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Latrine In Maize Plantation
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Improvised Caps
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Coming To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Shivagala Community A -  Chengoli Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 205 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Nov 2017

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 03/09/2018

Project Features


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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

Shivagala Community is home to farmers who plant sugarcane and maize plantations. They wake up very early during the rainy months to work on their farms. In the dry seasons, the farmers take their harvests to sell at the market. Other crops that yield good income are beans, rice, millet, sesame, and bananas. Those are all grown here because the land is fertile.

Water Situation

Paul Chengoli Spring is named after its landowner. It is one of the main sources of water in Shivagala Community, though it is contaminated. It is especially dirty during the rainy season, as more dirt, waste, and farming chemicals are washed into the water.

Locals have fixed a banana tree stalk to help funnel the water into their containers. Most of these don’t have lids anymore, since kids take them to play with as toys.

While 205 people regularly use Paul Chengoli Spring throughout the year, there are even more users during the dry season. Even when it doesn’t rain, this water source continues flowing. Its water is used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. After consuming this water, people suffer from typhoid. The diarrhea is especially difficult for small children and the elderly.

Sanitation Situation

Households here have pit latrines, but they are made of mud walls and wooden floors. People just aren’t cleaning them for fear that the wood slats will rot away (for good reason!). There are many dish racks and clotheslines, but no hand-washing stations. Mr. Paul Chengoli himself has asked for intense training on the importance of hand-washing, and he’d like to learn how to build a hand-washing station.

Malaria is also an issue here because families haven’t cleared the brush around their compounds. The spring also has a lot of stagnant water around it. Mr. Chengoli said, “There is a nearby river in which the spring drains into and it is a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Cases of malaria outbreak are rampant in the community.”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is open defecation and its dangers, as well as having and using a pit latrine.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

As soon as Shivagala Community heard about this opportunity, they started collecting sand and stones for our artisan to use in construction of the spring protection. Paul Chengoli Spring is a permanent and high-yielding source of water for Shivagala Community. It serves a vast area, especially during the dry seasons when all the other springs dry up. People come from very far and carry water using motorcycles. When interviewing Mr. Paul, he could not hide his disappointment as he explained to us how he had tried all he could to get the spring protected by the ward administrator. The protocol of getting help from the county government to protect the spring had been tiresome and futile for Shivagala, and they’re more than ready for help!

Project Updates


11/15/2017: Shivagala Community Project Complete

Paul Chengoli Spring in Shivagala Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

We contacted Paul Chengoli who owns the farm where the spring is located to inform him about the need for hygiene and sanitation training. If a community unknowingly practices bad sanitation, clean water is often dirty by the time it’s consumed. Paul Chengoli was excited about this opportunity and took initiative informing his community about the two days set aside for learning. We so appreciate his efforts, because people in Shivagala have large, sprawling farms, he had to walk long distances!

There was a small challenge gathering participants; most community members attend church on Saturdays and we were not informed of that ahead of time. We had to wait one and a half hours until they got out of church! The training was attended by more women than men, but we were surprised to find that the few men there were way more engaged and excited about hygiene and sanitation! Children were on school vacation at this time and could attend the training, too.

Two of our facilitators covered several topics, including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many others.

Demonstrations were some of the most popular parts of the training, with participants really appreciating getting their hands involved. We did this with hand-washing, teaching the 10 steps of washing with soap and running water. We also took participants to their spring, where construction had recently finished. There we were able to teach about proper spring use, management, and simple maintenance.

The artisan explains how a spring protection project makes water safe for drinking.

Mr. Paul Chengoli said, “We are very grateful that our kids who are on school holiday were allowed to be in the training. They have learnt a lot and they will practice basic hygiene in school, too. Our kids now will have less cases of diarrhea, stomachache and typhoid.”

One of the trainers demonstrating the 10 steps of thorough hand-washing.

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

A happy grandmother dances on her new sanitation platform!

We met an old grandmother who benefited from one of these new sanitation platforms. She is so grateful that she’s even lived to see her great grandchildren. She couldn’t hide her joy about the sanitation platform – she danced energetically and surprised her grandchildren as she danced around!

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided, and a few people even volunteered their time and strength to help the artisan with manual labor.

Children arrive a the construction site with materials and a willingness to help!

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polythene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the head wall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

The artisan fixing the discharge pipe.

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.  Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polythene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Finally, grass was planted and cutoff drains dug to direct surface water away from the spring box.

Backfilling the spring.

This process has transformed Paul Chengoli Spring into a clean water source. People gathered to celebrate this transformation and fetch their first buckets of clean water. Mr. Chengoli said, “We are very grateful to WEWASAFO for responding to our call of protecting the spring. In its unprotected state, all the runoff from homesteads would get in our water source and we suffered from typhoid. We now rest assured that we are drinking clean water and our health will improve!”


The Water Project : 22-kenya4848-clean-water


10/12/2017: Shivagala Community Project Underway

Shivagala Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Paul Chengoli Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.


The Water Project : 3-kenya4848-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



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