Nabunulu Community

Water Point
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Well Rehab in Kenya

Latitude 0.40
Longitude 34.45

360 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed Nabunulu water project is a community well that was hand dug in 1989. The aim was to provide clean and safe water for the community since they had experienced previous problems with inadequate safe water supplies. The well was fitted with an anira pump. The well served the people until the pumps parts wore out and they could not get the spare parts locally. The communities send a delegation to BWP and requested for their well to be repaired since water is not easily accessible with any functioning hand dug well.


The community currently gets water from a small stream called Eshitaro. The stream is 2km away from this community and the water safety is not guaranteed. The stream also dries up during the dry season.


This community has a population of 60 households with each homestead having approximately 6 members per household.


The Hygiene and sanitation of the community is good. Most homes have Latrines, Cloth lines and utensil rack. The animals have an enclosed shed. 


If rehabilitated, the well will serve the entire community members of Navunulu.There is a Deliverance church located a few meters away from the well and members of the church will also benefit from the well.


BWP has done a baseline survey and come to a conclusion that this well should be rehabilitated so as to provide safe and clean water for the community in general.


They have a water committee that is inactive since the well has not been functioning for some time, but they have accepted to form a new Water Committee with the help of BWP staff. The committee will foresee the daily running of the water source and ensure that the well is sustainable.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

01/20/2014: A Few More Pictures From Nabunulu

Just a quick note to let you know about some new pictures we received from Nabunulu.  Paul from BWP returned to the site of Matungu this past Sunday where he attended church in the community and had hopes to collect more photos of the community around the newly rehabbed well site.  However, the pump was locked as the Water Committee has set hours of when the pump is in use and the community member with the key was not available in unlock it while Paul was there. 

(Please note:  It is quite common to have a pump locked to enable the water committee to oversee pump use. This allows oversight of  pump to avoid misuse, such as, children playing or domestic animals near the pump.  This also allows for regulation of water maintenance fees to be collected.)

The Water Project : kenya4216-48

01/16/2014: Nabunulu Project Complete

We are excited to report that the project to restore a well for Nabunulu, Kenya, is complete.  We just posted some new pictures showing the completed well, flowing with fresh, clean water.  The report below from our partner in the field gives the latest news on the project:

Even though it was a busy week for some people preparing for Christmas celebrations, BWP staff did not relax since we were looking forward to complete the work before the New Year comes. Therefore at this point, the service team mobilized to NABUNULU-MATUNGU community for the completion of the well.

Community members were present during this process to witness as their water system was being rehabilitated. Women were busy in the kitchen as men were on the ground to ensure that everything was right. Three of the men volunteered to be trained on the operation and maintenance of the well in case of any damage.

Flushing of the well began and it took two hours to thoroughly clean the well. Some dirt particles like leaves, sugarcane remains and stones could be seen coming out from the well. The water coming out was turbid but it was clear as we continued to flush the well.

As flushing was concluded, Test pumping of the well was to be done to determine the yield of the well. But this was not possible since the well was cased with small PVC pipes which could not allow the electric pump to fit through to measure yields.

On the day before Christmas, the BWP team went back for installation of the pump. This was done with the help of the community members present and who finally received the water system officially as it was handed over. Most of the community members were happy as they gave testimonies of how life was difficult without an access to clean and sufficient water.

They all plan to sustain the rehabilitated well with regular maintenance and upkeep and continue practicing improved hygiene and sanitation methods as has been taught by BWP.

Imagine what clean water and safe hygiene practices are going to do to this community!  Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4216-40

01/02/2014: Nabunulu Project Underway

We are excited to announce that the community of Nabunulu, Kenya, will soon have a new source of safe, clean water.  A well originally constructed in 1989 will be restored so that it is a dependable resource.  We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures.  The report below gives some great information on the work that has happened so far:

WEEK 1 NARRATIVE: 2nd -6th December.

 On Friday 6th December, a group of five people (2 men and 3 women) from Matungu Community attended the first day training at our offices in Kakamega. Other community members from Sikhokoro, Matungu Nabunulu, Elufufulo and Kewa  Community water projects joined the Matungu group for the training.

On the first day, the aim of the training was to equip the five participants with knowledge about hygiene and sanitation thereafter they would help us disseminate the information to other community members during the remaining days of the training. The five participants would also be the key people to use in future during monitoring and evaluation and serve as community hygiene promoters.

The start of the training, introduction was done both from the BWP staff and the community members. Thereafter, the community members were given a brainstorming activity where by each individual had to define the meaning of the words like, community, hygiene, sanitation, health and sustainability. This exercise was meant to help us understand the amount of knowledge the participants had and how they could apply it back to their communities. Most community members were able to define terms in their own local language and to their best of knowledge.

Having discussed deeply on the meaning of the words like hygiene, sanitation, health and sustainability, the participants were sectioned in groups of five people and given a task of identifying hygiene domains and further explain at least one domain. The Matungu Community Group discussed food hygiene as one of the domains and was also able to discuss with the whole group some of the good practices observed on food handling, preparation and food consumption. The other domains were as well discussed by the other groups from the other communities.

A role play was done by the participants. The role play comprised of three characters, a couple and a herdsman. One man from Matungu community was a herdsman as the other the couple came from the other groups. The aim of this role play as explained to them was to help the participants understand the relationship between their communities and agencies like BWP. The role play was very exciting since the participants were able to understand the role they have to bring a positive change in their communities without depending much on the agency. And they also enjoyed themselves as well!

To help the Matungu community members understand and visualize there community, BWP guided them to draw a map of their community locating all the facilities like rivers, latrines, dumping sites, houses among others. (Community Mapping) After the exercise, the participants were able to realize that their community lacked most important facilities like latrines in some homes and proper dumping sites at the market. The map was therefore reserved by the members for future use on evaluating their progress.

By the creation of the seasonal calendar, the community members were able to outline some of the diseases that occur in their community in different seasons. The diseases that prevailed in all the seasons were typhoid and diarrhea. On discussing what could be the real cause of the prevailing diseases, the community members agreed that it was due to poor hygiene and sanitation practices.

To clearly identify how diseases like typhoid, cholera and diarrhea are transmitted to the human body, the group was supplied with posters and were instructed to arrange them showing how transmission could occur from the 5 F’s…also known as Feces, Fingers, Food Face and Fields.

Through the discussion, the group successfully arranged the posters showing how transmission occurred and how they could block it. To close up the day, the participants from Matungu community learned that poor hygiene practices can lead to poor health. As part of their request, the community members expressed the need for more training on latrine use, water hygiene and household and domestic hygiene come the 2nd and 3rd day of the training in their community.

WEEK 2 NARRATIVE: 9th -13th December.

Two days were fully spent at Matungu Deliverance Church where eleven women and seven men converged well prepared for the hygiene and sanitation training. The five participants who had trained earlier back in our office were also present and played a major key role in mobilizing other people from the community to come for the training.

The training began well by doing a recap of what was learned by the five participants hence allowing them to relay the information and knowledge gained to the whole group and with this they were able to fortalize there own recent knowledge gained the previous day.

With this group discussion, the other community members were also able to discuss and give views and inputs on matters of good hygiene under its domains. The community members expressed a lot of concern on open defecation, water hygiene and personal hygiene. Therefore a lot of time was taken on dealing with the issues of water treatment methods and ways of handling water, free from any possible contaminations.

Initially, in this community, people took water from different sources without any form of treatment hence causing a lot of water related diseases like typhoid. According to the information given from the village elder, loss of lives especially in children under the age of five years and elderly people has become rampant.

On personal hygiene, the community members expressed that around 60% of the total number of the community did not have clean and good beddings, 30% of men don’t bathe regularly due to alcoholism and that at least 50% of their children don’t put on clean clothes hence causing skin diseases like scabies which has become a nuisance and serious health concern. 80% of the people living in this community don’t wash hands properly.

One of the unhygienic practices in this community is open defecation, which has caused a lot of diarrhea diseases in which people of all ages have been affected. It was noted that many people still go into the sugarcane plantations, maize plantations and bushy areas to defecate. Children of young age defecate behind the houses and some in the Banana plantations. On asking what happens with the faeces after the child has defecated, most women said that they leave it there until dogs would come and eat.

Therefore, a secret voting was done by the use of a pocket chart (where community members anonymously slip pieces of paper into pockets or compartments made on a flip chart to share where women and men defecate around the community. The results were as follows; two men out of seven who were present in the training do open defecation in the sugarcane plantation while four women out of eleven present defecate around their houses during night hours. After having many reactions from the community members on what should be done to free themselves from open defecation, they both resolved to go round the community and encourage everyone to ensure that a latrine is available for at least a home.

Typhoid, cholera and diarrhea are the most prevalent diseases in this community. To some extent, some women could not understand how such diseases come as a result of drinking dirty water and eating dirty food. They all believed that diseases like diarrhea come as a result of eating fresh boiled beans and maize. Therefore, a disease transmission route activity was done to show them how faeces being one of the contaminants can reach a person through water, food, fields, flies and fingers. Having done the activity, the community members were able to block the routes by several ways such as, use of latrines, hand washing, food covering among other activities.

To emphasize on good and bad practices done by the community members, a set of posters was given to them and guided to arrange them in respect to good and bad practices. As the activity went on, the community members were able to differentiate between the good and bad hygiene practices and finally were encouraged  to continue doing the good practices and stop the  bad practices like open defecation.

The Water Project : kenya4216-27

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Well Rehab
ProjectID: 4216
Install Date:  01/16/2014

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Needs Attention
Last Visit: 03/14/2018

Visit History:
07/18/2014 — Functional
12/17/2015 — Functional
05/19/2016 — Functional
07/28/2016 — Needs Attention
08/15/2016 — Needs Attention
11/16/2016 — Functional
04/04/2017 — Functional
04/11/2017 — Functional
07/25/2017 — Functional
03/14/2018 — Needs Attention

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Bridge Water Project has been funded by The Water Project almost since they got their start in 2007.  This local Kenyan NGO works directly with the communities and neighbors they know well.  Building relationships with these villages and the local government helps ensure that the water projects we fund are sustainable in the long term.

BWP works to repair up to four wells for every new one they install.  In this area of Kenya, many old and broken down water points still exist.  We have found that restoring these water points and establishing new plans for maintenance and monitoring, is quite cost effective.

We work closely with partners like BWP to strengthen their teams, through professional development growing their impact and quality of work over time.  Your donations make it all possible.