Mwonyonyi Community

Water Point
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Well Rehab in Kenya

Latitude 0.25
Longitude 34.74

280 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed  Mwonyonyi Community Water Project is a drilled well that was sunk in the year 1986. The well was drilled on one of the community members land, Mr. Kalawanga. He accepted the request for the well to be drilled on his land because he knew and understood the water problems that the community had and to what extent they had to go to, get water.

The total depth of the well is 54M. It was cased with a 5’’casing and an Indian Mark II pump was installed. The well served the community members for 14 years until when it broke down in the year 2000. The community members made some repairs but the pump broke down again. Due to too much repairs, the pump could no longer be salvaged. The pump was then dismantled from the well and kept by the then chairman of the water committee.

Due to the fact that the community does not have access to quality and easily accessible water, the community members came together and requested BWP to help them rehabilitate their well. The community has not been able to access the water from the well for the past 13 years. After an official request from the community, BWP has decided to provide an affridev pump and install it so that the community can have access to quality and safe water.


The community currently gets water from Mwonyonyi River, which is located 11/2km from the community. The Stream is open thus prone to all sorts of contamination. The community members also use the river water for their animals. Using the same water source for human and animal consumption is not hygienic and can cause various illnesses. The water is not clear and has a turbidity value of 80, which is well below 5, the required WHO (World Health Organization) requirement.


The community has 35 household. These households have approximately 8 members each. The pie chart below shows households that are headed by women.

Female-headed households

Kenya4257 chart 1


Hand washing practices

The pie chart below shows a breakdown in percentages of when community members wash their hands.

Kenya4257 chart 2

All the community households have latrines and bath sheds. They survey showed that the community members used the latrines and bath sheds.

Out of all the homesteads visited, only one of them had an improvised hand washing station outside the latrine.

All the homesteads visited had utensil racks.

Cases of typhoid and diarrhea in children are very common in the community.


The water source does not have a water committee but through the intervention of Bridge Water Project, the community members will vote and come up with a new water committee. The committee will comprise of the local leadership and community members.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

08/07/2014: Mwonyonyi Project Complete

We are very excited to report that the water project in Mwonyonyi, Kenya, is complete.  A well has been repaired, and sanitation training has been completed.  The report below from our partner in the field gives the latest information on the project:

The BWP service team went back on site to do a proper flushing on Mwonyonyi Community well. Due to heavy rains and poor roads, it was impossible for the car and compressor to get on site. After endless efforts of pushing the car from the mud, the team hired a tractor that finally pulled the car and compressor. Despite the fact that the team left for Mwonyonyi community at 5:00am, they arrived on site at 2:00pm due to the poor roads. On arrival, the well was flushed for a total of four hours. After the flushing, the well was chlorinated to get rid of any contamination.

With the water level of the well at 2Meters, the pump was installed at 24 meters. Eight UPVC pipes each measuring 3 meters were used during the installation. Eight stainless steel rods each measuring 3 meters were also used. It was important to use stainless steel rods so as to prevent contamination through rust.

After completing the installation and ensuring that water was flowing from the pump, the water was handed over to the community members. The BWP team urged the beneficiaries to work in harmony towards ensuring that the pump was sustained. The chairman of the project stated that their next step of action was to fence the well area so as to prevent animals from getting to the well pad and causing contamination. The women were also encouraged to keep the well area clean and avoid washing their clothes at the well as it would lead to contamination. In their speech, one of the community women and chairman thanked BWP and THE WATER PROJECT for ensuring that Mwonyonyi community has access to clean and quality water.

We just posted a new set of pictures from this project showing the completed well and the community enjoying safe, clean water.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4257-59-handing-over

07/28/2014: Progress At Monyonyi

We wanted to give you the latest on the project to repair a well at Mwonyonyi village in Kenya.  The update below from our partner in the field gives some details of all that has been done so far:


As the first step towards the implementation of Mwonyonyi community water project, it was essential for BWP to train the community members on proper Hygiene and Sanitation practices. The participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) was applied. This approach helps to empower community members to eliminate water and sanitation related diseases. Through PHAST, community members are taken through steps and activities that help them understand that poor Hygiene and Sanitation behaviors and practices are the major cause of many preventable diseases.

The training was attended by 21 community members, 10 men and 11 women. They were taken through different activities so as to improve on their Hygiene behaviors, prevent diarrheal diseases and manage well their water and sanitation facilities.

After a word of prayer from one of the community members, a brief introduction between the BWP team and the community members was done. To kick off the training, the participants were asked by the facilitator to discuss and come up with the meaning of hygiene and sanitation. After several attempts, BWP facilitator helped them understand the link between hygiene and sanitation. They learnt that without one, the other cannot be achieved and that sanitation facilities have to be maintained if Hygiene and Sanitation are to bring health improvements.


PHAST methodology goes through different steps so as to convey the hygiene and sanitation message. The first step to be used was the community entry, whereby the river crossing tool was used. This tool helps to bring out the different relationships that agencies have with community members while implementing a project. In the River Crossing Role Play, there’s a flooded river with three stones placed at equal distances from each other within the river. Three volunteers from the community members were taken through the play and later presented it to the larger group. The three volunteers represented two travelers and a herdsman. Since the travelers were unfamiliar with the river, the herdsman helped them cross through it. After the play was performed, the community members stated what they had seen and learnt from the play. The river represented the problems in the community, the stones represented the solutions, and the herdsman represented the agencies which in this case is BWP, while the travelers represented the community. The purpose of this role play was to show the importance of community participation in the implementation of any project.


This step helps trainees understand that some of the Daily Hygiene and Sanitation practices lead to the cause of diarrheal diseases. For this step to be accomplished, the facilitator took the community members through different activities. The activities used were:-

a)    Good and bad hygiene practices

b)     Investigating community practices

c)     How diseases spread

a)      Good and bad hygiene practices

For this activity, the two pile sorting tool was applied. This tool helps trainees exchange information on community hygiene behaviors and their impact on health through discussions. A set of two pile sorting were distributed among the community members. After discussing in groups, each community member made a presentation before the whole group. The good hygiene behavior posters were placed under a smiling face poster while the bad hygiene posters were placed under a frowning face poster. They all agreed that the posters represented all the practices in their community. It was a great learning experience since most of them had been practicing bad hygiene unknowingly.

b)     Investigating community practices

Investigating community practices is an activity that helps in collecting, organizing and analyzing information on individual sanitation practices. The pocket chart tool was used during this exercise. BWP wanted to find out if the community members still practice open n defecation. The facilitator explained the posters that would be used on the pocket. The posters showed open defecation and use of latrines, a man and a woman. Maize was used as voting materials for men while the women used beans. The table below shows the results of the votes:

A table showing results from the pocket chart


Latrine use

Open defecation














The result from the pocket shows that one out of the 21 community members who took part in the voting exercise still practiced open defecation.

After confirming from the pocket chart that the community still practiced open defecation, BWP facilitator sought to find out from them the disadvantages of this habit. They are stated below:-

  1. Contamination of water sources.
  2. Contamination of food by Flies that come from the feces.
  3. Spread of diarrheal diseases.
  4. Pollution of the environment through bad smell.

BWP facilitator urged the community members to make use of latrines so as to curb the spread of diarrheal diseases.

c)      How Diseases Spread

Water and environmental sanitation play an essential role in the spread of many diarrheal diseases. These diseases are spread through person to person or fecal matter contact. Due to this fact, BWP used the ‘F’ – Diagram as a learning tool for the community members to know how those diseases are spread. The F-diagram shows the different routes that fecal matter use to get to the human body.

The ‘F’s represent Fingers, Feces, Fluids, Flies and Fields. The posters used reflected all the five ‘F’s and so the community members were required to show the route that feces use to get to the human body by use of arrows. After having a general discussion, the community members were able to come up with all the routes. They all learnt that diarrheal could easily spread if good hygiene is not put into practice.

3.      Identification of solution

Identification of solutions helps to identify all the possible barriers than can prevent the disease transmission routes.BWP introduced the Blocking posters to the Community members so that they would use them to block the disease transmission routes on the F- diagram. The tool used for this exercise was the blocking posters. The posters represented Latrine use, Water treatment, Food covering and Hand washing. The community members went back to the F-diagram to block all the routes. Every route that showed a bad hygiene practice was covered by a good hygiene blocking posters.

Since Hand washing was one of the essential practices on the Blocking posters, the community members made demonstration of proper Hand washing through the guidance of the BWP facilitator. This exercise was important since most disease causing agents get to our bodies through our hands.

During the blocking posters exercise, the community members also discussed water treatment. They came up with the diseases that came about as a result of consuming contaminated water. The diseases mentioned were typhoid, cholera, dysentery and diarrhea in children.  This exercise was essential since cases of diarrhea and typhoid are very common in the community as found out during the baseline survey. The community members also discussed different methods of water treatment which included boiling, filtration, chlorination and the use of the life straw gadget. BWP facilitator helped them understand that treated water could only remain safe it is stored well in clean containers.



After completing the hygiene and sanitation training, BWP service team embarked on the rehabilitation work. It was necessary for the well to be flushed since it had not been in use for over 13 years.  In preparation for the flushing process, the team went ahead to remove the dirt from the well using a fishing tool. This exercise took a while since the fishing tool could not get to the bottom of the well due to too much blockage.  So as to make this possible, the fishing tool was modified with hooks so that it would capture the litter once it was inserted in the well. With several hooks welded on the fishing tool, it became much possible to fish all the solid dirt out.

July 10, 2014

There have been a few complications whereby the rig that was supposed to flush Mwonyonyi community is unable to do so at this time, as the well had been cased with  5” diameter casings  while the drilling stems for the rig were 5” thus making it impossible for that particular rig to do the flushing. The Bridge Water Project team on the ground are exploring other solutions such as procuring a smaller drill stems so that the flushing can be conducted and the consequent rehabilitation process completed.  Bridge Water Project, hopes to have  the rehabilitation completed by the end of July.

The Water Project : kenya4257-31-mwonyonyi-community-community-members-during-the-training

05/20/2014: Mwonyonyi Community Project Underway

We are excited to announce that a project to bring clean water to the community of Mwonyonyi, Kenya, is underway.  A broken well, originally constructed in 1986, will be restored so that it is a dependable source of safe, clean water.  In addition, the community will receive training in sanitation and hygiene.  Together, these two resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease within the community.  We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures.  We’ll keep you posted as the work continues.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help.

The Water Project : kenya4257-02-community-members

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Well Rehab
ProjectID: 4257
Install Date:  08/07/2014

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 02/22/2018
Well Depth:  177.00M

Visit History:
05/19/2015 — Functional
10/30/2015 — Functional
06/07/2016 — Functional
09/15/2016 — Functional
12/14/2016 — Functional
03/02/2017 — Functional
04/28/2017 — Functional
12/21/2017 — Functional
02/22/2018 — Functional

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Bridge Water Project has been funded by The Water Project almost since they got their start in 2007.  This local Kenyan NGO works directly with the communities and neighbors they know well.  Building relationships with these villages and the local government helps ensure that the water projects we fund are sustainable in the long term.

BWP works to repair up to four wells for every new one they install.  In this area of Kenya, many old and broken down water points still exist.  We have found that restoring these water points and establishing new plans for maintenance and monitoring, is quite cost effective.

We work closely with partners like BWP to strengthen their teams, through professional development growing their impact and quality of work over time.  Your donations make it all possible.