Emachembe Primary School

Water Point
Project Features
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Well Rehab in Kenya

Latitude 0.32
Longitude 34.74

500 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed Emachembe primary school is a mixed day primary school started in 2000 by Emachembe Church of God Ingotse Mission, with an aim of eradicating illiteracy in the community where it serves. In early 1989 the community benefitted on Kenya Finland Water Supply Programme with a drilled well registration number C-7050.the well records a total depth of 37M with the water rest level 19M (RSL) well was cased with 4” UPVC casing well pad constructed and an Affridev pump was installed which served the church and community up to 1999 then unknown people stole it since the said water point was a bit distant from peoples home hence being easy for thieves to vandalize the pump. However since the inception of the Emachembe Primary School there is always day and night guard on duty who is paid by the school management committee (SMC).

The school management committee teachers and the pupils made a request to Bridge Water Project to consider rehabilitating the well to enable access clean water for their domestic use and community members.


The schools currently fetch water from a shallow well in Mwanga Early Childhood Development Teachers College, which is 1KM away from the school compound. The water from Mwanga E.C.D College well records a turbidity value of 80 ways below World Health Organization recommended parameters of quality water. Also pupils have to walk this 1KM distant on a busy road hence being dangerous to them since it’s possible for accident to occur while pupils are on the process of searching for water.

During long dry spell when the water level goes down the management of Mwanga college deny pupils water since it might not be enough for both institution whereas due to poor quality of water from the well pupils suffer from water borne diseases i.e. typhoid, amoeba and diarrhea.


The school has a population of 285 pupils, 130 boys and 135 girls, 9 teaching staff and 1 non-teaching staff. The community has 25 households with 6 to 7 people per household a projected population of approximately 470 /500 people.


The school has semi permanent classrooms, which have smeared with cow dung every Friday before pupils’ leaves school for the weekend. There are 8 pit latrines 3 for boys, 3 for girls and 2 for teachers’. There’s a kitchen where 10.00 o’clock snack is prepared for all pupils and teachers and there no enough water storage containers. Compost pit is available where litters are collected and dumped. There’s only one hand washing station for the teachers.


There’s need to rehabilitate the proposed Emachembe Primary school will to enable pupils, teachers and community accesses quality water for their domestic needs and also improve their hygiene and sanitation standards that is aimed at improving their Health. With funds available there is need to intervene in lack of permanent pit latrines for both pupils and teachers.


If the well is rehabilitated it will benefit Emachembe primary school pupils, teachers and the entire community.


The school management committee (SMC) have already appointed among themselves and water committee that comprises the village elder (local administration) who will be responsible for operation maintenance and management of the water point to ensure its sustainability. 

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Recent Project Updates

11/20/2014: Emachembe Primary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students of Emachembe Primary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water.  The report below from our partner in the field gives the latest status of the project:

WEEK1 NARRATIVE: 27th -31st OCTOBER 2014


This report gives on overview of the process of the capacity building activities conducted by Bridge Water Project towards borehole rehabilitation for Emachembe primary school. The activities included community sensitization/mobilization, hygiene and sanitation education, and borehole rehabilitations works including handing over to the school.

Sanitation and hygiene education

Sanitation and hygiene education targeted lower primary pupils at the school. The school was fairly new and a majority of the pupils were still in their lower grades. The training was carried out on weekday for easy mobilization and assurance of adequate participation. BWP adopted CHAST methodology because the target group consisted of children. The training coincided with a school management committee meeting. Some members of the school management committee and teachers from the school were in attendance during the training session.

Description of the venue and target participants

The venue for sanitation and hygiene education was a church, which is the main sponsor of the school and it was within the school compound. The total number of participants was 50 pupils who were proportionately drawn from grade 3-5. Twenty seven were boys and twenty three were girls. The pupils were then taken through all the steps of CHAST methodology;

Objectives of the training

The specific training objectives were as follows:

  1. To enable participants to relate their day to day activities with prevention of water and sanitation related diseases
  2. To enable participants acquire knowledge and practical skills identification of hygiene and sanitation problems
  3. To enable participants understand ways of preventing hygiene and sanitation problems

Chast methodology steps

CHAST is an innovative approach to promoting hygiene, sanitation and community management of water and sanitation facilities. It aims to empower communities particularly children to manage sustainably their water and sanitation facilities and to prevent sanitation-related diseases, and it does so by promoting health awareness and understanding which, in turn, leads to environmental and behavioral improvements.

Step I: Introduction

The introduction was done by the use of an African puppet dolly, which the pupils were excited with. Several activities also accompanied the introduction, .i.e. every day stories and initial evaluation. The pupils had time to tell stories with the help of the pictures provided to them. To make it more interesting, the story telling was further linked with the coloring of drawings and thereafter role plays. For example a picture showing pupils playing football was given out with a set of crayons and thereafter the pupils were required to color the picture. They also did a role play showing how they play football in their school. Something surprising is that the pupils conducted the role plays as they sung local songs which had a meaning in relation to the play. It’s important to note that the exercise was meant to enable the pupils interact between themselves freely.

An initial evaluation activity was also conducted to the pupils. This was meant to help the children understand the baseline situation so that once they are taken through the whole training; the overall impact can be assessed in terms of knowledge gained and measure to what extent behaviors have been changed. To carry out this, a tool known as a pocket chart was used mainly to show their behavior and attitude towards hand washing and open defecation. On carrying out the exercise, out of 27 boys, 10 boys defecated openly while none of the girls did the same. The pocket chart also revealed that both the pupils washed hands without using soap or ash.

Step II: Problem identification

A need to guide the pupils on identifying the problems was felt. It’s important to note that by letting the pupils identify the problems would be easy for them to know the common sanitation and hygiene practices that impacted positively or negatively to their health. Therefore the children were provided with a set of posters, which showed good and bad practices. The children were therefore required to arrange the pictures into two categories i.e. (I) pictures showing good practices and (II) pictures showing bad practices. The activity was well done as the children could differentiate the practices.

Step III: Problem analysis

The children were further led into analyzing the problems. Through this, the children were able to discuss how some common hygiene diseases are transmitted and make children sick. As the training went on, the children learned on how to practice good behaviors in relation to hygiene and sanitation. They learned this through blocking of the routes of germs, hand washing exercise and latrine use.

Step IV: Final evaluation

To conclude the training, a final evaluation was done on the children by taking them through the whole training process to assess the impact in terms of knowledge gained. To the very last part of the training, the children received awards for going through the training.


The well pad was still in a good condition. The next step in rehabilitating the borehole was repairing the well pad and installing it with a new afridev pump. The well pad repair consisted of skim coating the concrete pad to correct for minor cracks in the concrete.

The choice of pump was informed by its availability locally, durability, ease of maintenance, borehole technical data including the depth and the static water level. School management committee participation in the choice of the pump was minimal. In installing the pump, the PVC riser pipes were joined and installed in the borehole, then left overnight to ensure proper bonding of the joints. The entire process of pump installation was done with participation of some of the school management members in order to capacity build them. The BWP service team trained a pump caretaker on pump components; demonstration of all component function; daily, weekly and monthly checks and repair of common problems causing breakdown such as U seals and bearings. The caretaker was also trained in fault diagnosis and how to liaise with BWP in cases of further technical support in major repairs. No challenges were noted during the pump installation process. The hand pump once installed became the full responsibility of the school management committee.


Handing over of the borehole was the final activity in implementing rehabilitation of Emachembe primary school borehole. The handing over exercise created an important forum for BWP to transfer ownership and sustainability of the borehole back to the school. BWP equipped school management committee members with ownership and sustainability skills, key among the included participation by all target beneficiaries and general maintenance of the well. The chairman of the project stated that their next step of action was to fence the well area so as to prevent animals from getting to the well pad and causing contamination. Pupils were also encouraged to keep the well area clean and avoid washing their clothes at the well as it would lead to contamination. In their speech, one of the community women and chairman thanked BWP and THE WATER PROJECT for ensuring that Emachembe primary school had access to clean and quality water.

Clean water means less sickness.  Less sickness means more learning.  More learning means greater potential for the future.  Don’t miss the latest pictures of the finished project, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4261-53-handing-over

10/27/2014: Emachembe Primary School Project Underway

We are excited to announce that Emachambe Primary School in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water.  A well originally built in 1989 will be repaired and restored so that it is a dependable resource for the community.  Together with training in santation and hygiene, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area.  We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures.  We’ll keep you posted as the project continues.

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4261-05-pupils-at-the-well

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Well Rehab
ProjectID: 4261
Install Date:  11/20/2014

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 09/20/2017

Visit History:
05/14/2015 — Functional
10/29/2015 — Needs Attention
03/15/2016 — Needs Attention
07/22/2016 — Needs Repair
10/25/2016 — Functional
12/07/2016 — Functional
02/07/2017 — Functional
04/20/2017 — Needs Attention
05/12/2017 — Functional
09/20/2017 — Functional

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Bridge Water Project has been funded by The Water Project almost since they got their start in 2007.  This local Kenyan NGO works directly with the communities and neighbors they know well.  Building relationships with these villages and the local government helps ensure that the water projects we fund are sustainable in the long term.

BWP works to repair up to four wells for every new one they install.  In this area of Kenya, many old and broken down water points still exist.  We have found that restoring these water points and establishing new plans for maintenance and monitoring, is quite cost effective.

We work closely with partners like BWP to strengthen their teams, through professional development growing their impact and quality of work over time.  Your donations make it all possible.