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The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Clean Water Flowing
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Clean Water Flowing
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Clean Water Flowing
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Clean Water Flowing
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Clean Water Flowing
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Interview Mariama Turay
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Interview Amara Sumah Keita
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Successful Installation
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Drilling
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Emptying The Drill Bit
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Drilling
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Training
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Training
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Training
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Training
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Training
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Training
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Mr Alie Bangura
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Drinking Water
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Inside Latrine
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Latrine
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Latrine
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Household
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Household
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Fetching Swamp Water
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Swamp
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Seasonal Well
The Water Project: Royema, New Kambees -  Seasonal Well

Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 100 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2017

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 09/12/2018

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Mariatu’s Hope of Sierra Leone. Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

The main source of income for most families in Royema Community is begging and looking for handouts. There is a constant cry for jobs, but how can a person find full time employment without the knowledge and training to get it?

The meaning of Royema is “choose where you want.” The land used to sit uninhabited, and in the old days, plots of land were given out for free. Now a plot of land costs millions! This specific area was formerly known as Keytorr, but it was recently renamed to Kambees because of a businessman who relocated to the community. He had a guest house that became famous in the chiefdom, and after he moved here, the community decided to take the name of the guest house called “Kambees.”

The community is made up of petty traders, farmers and airport workers. Nobody sleeps past 5 AM in the morning, the hustle and bustle starting with a pot of leftover rice and potato leaves, cassava leaves, or sprinkled pepper with palm oil. When there are no leftovers, a local cookery shop will do just fine. A plate of rice and stew will hold anyone over until the evening meal, if there even is any. Not many families can afford to cook everyday, some will settle for anything to fill the stomach.

Water Source

We discovered a well in New Kambees a few years ago, which needed some major pump repairs to get up and running again. We stepped in to assist the community, and also offered hygiene and sanitation training to help them improve health. Without the proper treatment and storage, clean water fetched from the well won’t stay clean for long!

But over the course of quarterly visits, we discovered another issue that was keeping this community from having clean water. During March, April, May, and June, no water comes out of the pump! The environment has changed since the well was dug, and it now dries up during the dry season. When this well in New Kambees goes down, it is the children who suffer most. They travel long distances to fetch water from other communities. Alternatively, community members choose to forego the long trip for safe water and fetch water from nearby contaminated sources instead. These include an unprotected shallow well and the swamp. The swamp water is a slight white color and smells like mud. Tadpoles can even be seen swimming around!

A handful of households can afford packaged water during the dry season, while the rest depend on that contaminated shallow well and the swamp.

Sanitation Situation

Over half of households have a pit latrine. Families who don’t have their own share with a neighbor. Latrines are the least-valued facility in Sierra Leone. The ones we observed are made of plastic bags sewn together and wrapped around sticks. When community members have to use the bathroom during the night, they go in a bucket in the home, waiting until the morning to empty it in the latrine pit.

There are no hand-washing stations in New Kambees for someone to clean up after using the latrine, dumping waste, before cooking, and whenever. A majority of households dispose of their garbage in the bushes surrounding their property. Less than half of the households here have helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines to dry their belongings safely.

Mr. Alie Bangura said, “We have the occasional runny stomach, I figure it is from the different types of foods we eat everyday. Cholera is not our portion; the very persistent illness that is constantly affecting us is malaria and typhoid. We eat foods that are not properly preserved, all cooking is done outdoors with flies and animals strolling around the kitchen. It goes as far as animals putting their beaks or mouths into the food, God only knows what they could have eaten before they contaminate the food.”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

Not many hand-washing stations were observed here. After our visit, the hygiene and sanitation trainer decided it would be best to teach community members how to build a tippy tap (a hand-washing station built with a jerrycan, string, and sticks). They will use these tippy taps for hand-washing demonstrations, and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals.

These trainings will also strengthen the water user committee that manages and maintains this well. They enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Plans: Well Rehabilitation

The well marked for this overhaul is dry for four months every year and needs major work to supply adequate, clean water to the community year round. The pump will be removed, and a man will be lowered inside with a hand auger. This hand auger will allow the team to drill several meters deeper to hit a sufficient water column that will ensure the well supplies water throughout the drier seasons. As the team drills, casing will be installed, transforming this hand-dug well into a pseudo-borehole. PVC piping will connect this lower system directly to the pump, a construction that we know will also improve the quality of water.

Once this plan is implemented, everyone within the community will have access to safe drinking water in both quality and quantity, even through the dry months.

Project Updates

08/22/2017: Royema Community Project Complete

Royema Community, Sierra Leone now has a well that provides clean water throughout the year, thanks to your donation! Hundreds of people are no longer stranded without clean water during the dry months. Hygiene and sanitation training was also conducted, which focused on healthy practices such as washing hands and using latrines. This water and new knowledge give the community a great foothold in eliminating water and sanitation-related illness. Please enjoy this update detailing all of the work that was done in Royema Community, and be sure to check out the tons of new pictures!

Thank You for unlocking potential in this community. You made clean water a reality, and now you have a chance to make sure it keeps flowing. Join our team of monthly donors and help us, our caretakers, and our mechanics maintain this well and hundreds of other projects!

Project Result: New Knowledge

We met with local leaders to schedule convenient dates for hygiene and sanitation training. Pa Osman the Imam agreed to pass on the plans to the rest of the community through his position at the mosque, since the majority of Royema is Muslim. Mrs. Haja Fatmata Koroma agreed to host training in her front yard, since she has a large mango tree that provides enough shade.

But when it came time for training, a tragedy occurred. A well was being dug in the community by a former worker of ours who became an independent contractor. He was hired by the local church to dig a hand-dug well. He was digging the well in the heavy rains, and as he was digging the top layer of ground suddenly gave way and fell down upon him. He died instantly. News about his death actually caught the whole community off guard. This incident happened on the second day of our hygiene training in this community, so the funeral and burial arrangements interrupted. Nonetheless, we wanted to honor him and thus rescheduled dates for the second and third day of training. Even with these delays, turnout was good.

2 sierraleone5117 training

Many people here were using mosquito nets as fences! We taught them why and how to use these in their homes.

The agenda was created after our staff took a baseline survey of hygiene standards here. Some of the topics covered during training were as follows:

– How to wash hands, and how to build a hand-washing station from a jerrycan, string, sticks, and netting

– Good and bad hygiene practices

– Dish racks and how to build them

– Keeping animals under control

– Management and maintenance of the hand pump

There was also a demonstration where the trainer went around shaking hands with all in attendance. Each individual noticed a glittery shine on their hands after the handshakes. This introduced a practical lesson: What are you seeing on your hands? They answer by saying “we are seeing shine-shine on our hands,” and that’s when the facilitators bring home the idea that these signify germs. We are always vulnerable to them, and need to keep clean by practicing good personal hygiene. This set us up for a strong transition into how to make hand-washing stations.

6 sierraleone5117 training

Participants constructing their own hand-washing stations.

Diagrams portraying unhealthy practices such as walking barefoot, open defecation, outdoor urination, and eating with unwashed hands were all shown and discussed in groups. What behaviors make a community healthy, and what others are counterproductive?

3 sierraleone5117 training

Community members helped our trainer show illustrations of good and bad hygiene practices to stimulate discussion.

Knowledge can give tremendous power to its owner. But the lack of it always limits. Sixty-year-old Mariama Turay humbly accepted this fact. “Truly, we had no better knowledge on hygiene in our own location. This is a new settlement and we are farmers who are always left with little time to take proper care of our bodies after our heavy and tiring day’s farm or swamp work… But we thank all of you for helping us make adjustment in our times so that we can attend to our personal hygiene as well as the upkeep of our environment before going to our farms. Indeed from the training, you have given us knowledge about the importance of personal and also that of community hygiene,” she said.

Interview Mariama Turay 5117

Mrs. Mariama Turay

Project Result: A Reliable Water Well

We spearheaded a new method of converting the bottom of a hand-dug well into a borehole. When we started this process, the well was at 31 feet deep with two feet of water.

The team sets up the tripod and pulley over the well. Depending on the diameter of the well, the team either drills from inside the well or from ground level. The team will work from ground level here in Royema; they’ve resorted to this method the last couple of projects, and now prefer to work out in the open instead of being confined inside the well. This also allows for the hand-pump to remain installed and usable. Since drilling is done within a new temporary casing, it doesn’t affect the existing well or its water quality at all. However, with so little water in the well, the pump could only draw water for a few hours a day.

9 sierraleone5117 drilling

Drilling the well from ground level – You can see all of the red clay that has spilled out during this process.

First, they install 8″ PVC casing through the hatch cover down to the bottom of the well. This ensures that the drilling begins straight and also keeps the hole from collapsing. They connect the bucket auger drill bit to the drilling rod and lower it into the well, continuing to add more drill rods until they hit the bottom. Each drill rod is 18 feet in length and every time the team empties the bucket auger, they must reverse the process by disconnecting the rods until the drill bit can be emptied. This method is more labor intensive, but working from the top was much safer in this circumstance. There are different drill bits for different conditions, a special bit just for clay, one for sand, one for rocks and one combination bit for all three conditions.

The team met clay which quickly turned to sand. They continued to drill and remove sand up to 53 feet. There was plenty of water at this point, so the team decided to stop there.

8 sierraleone5117 emptying the drill bit

Emptying the drill bit.

18 feet of 4¼” casing was slotted for screen and lowered inside the temporary casing from 34 to 52 feet. Four buckets of filter pack were poured between the two casings. The team could then hoist out the temporary casing.

Iron rods were cemented into the well lining and attached to the casing to support the weight of the PVC and keep it straight from bottom to top. The team welded a collar in the pump base to further support the casing.

The well was developed by bailing; two men bailed by hand for four days to ensure proper development. The well could then be tested by installing a submersible pump at 45 feet and using it for one hour. The team measured the discharge, which was 910 gallons. The static water level of 27 feet didn’t drop at all!  We were able to calculate that this well has a nice yield of 56 liters per minute.

With this great success, we could build a new walled well pad and install the new stainless steel hand-pump.

10 sierraleone5117 pump installation

Hooking up the cylinder to the rods.

Mr. Amara Sumah Keita was there to witness so much clean water flowing from the pump. “This rehabilitation work has proved to be a great help to us. We have been drinking water from the swamp – an unsafe and unhealthy source. Most of our people have been infected through drinking water from that source. The Muslim Agency came to our aid at one time and dug a well in our community because of a mosque… However, it reached to a time when the taste from the well was no longer good. So we stopped drinking water from it and returned back to the water from the swamp. How happy we are that at last Mariatu’s Hope has come to our aid. We are going to move on with better changes in our lives!”

Interview Amara Sumah Keita 5117

Mr. Amara Sumah Keita

We met together to hand the well back to the community. They and their water committee will be in charge of managing and maintaining the well, calling us if they ever encounter difficult challenges. We will also visit four times a year to see how they’re doing. We pumped clean water from the well into cups that we then handed out to community members – a symbol of what was happening that day.

16 sierraleone5117 clean water flowing

Smiling about this clean water!

45-year-old Mrs. Omoregie was there to celebrate with us. She said, “I have been in Makeni for many years and yet I have not seen any water project like this. The well is not only rehabilitated but is also monitored in case of any breakdown or malfunction… We have the understanding that water is life and I have proven it because we cannot do anything without water! All our house chores depend on the availability of clean water. We have observed that this project actually has a developmental goal for our community. The long distances we use to trek in search of pure drinking water… will be things of the past.”

The Water Project : 18-sierraleone5117-clean-water-flowing

05/02/2017: New Kambees Project Underway

The New Kambees, Royema Community in Sierra Leone will soon have a source of safe, clean water that works year round, thanks to your generous donation. A well that is dry for almost half of the year is being deepened, and the community will receive training in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the difference these resources will make for this community!

We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including an introduction to the community, maps, and pictures. We’ll keep you updated as the work progresses.

Thank You for caring for the thirsty!

The Water Project : 4-sierraleone5117-fetching-swamp-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.

We are going to move on with better changes in our lives!

Mr. Amara Sumah Keita


Project Sponsor - Waiokeola Congregational Church