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The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Celebrating Completed Well
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  School Staff And Students Celebrating Fro Safe Drinking Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Student Playing With Clean Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Reliable Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Clean Water Flowing
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Student Drinking Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Students Drinking Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Ibrahim S Kamara School Head Boy
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Mr Boyah School Inspectorate Making Statement
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Community And School Members Gather At Well
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Mr David S Conteh School Principal Celebrating Safe Drinking Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Mr David Conteh School Principal
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Dedication Celebration
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Community Member Singing And Celebrating Safe Drinking Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Testing Pump
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Installing Pump
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Installing Pump
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Installing Pump
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Installing Pump
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Chlorination
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Well Pad And Walls Nearly Done
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Pad Construction
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Demolishing Old Fence
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Well Yield Test Water Collected
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Bailing Well
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Inserting Casing
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Setting Up Tripod
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Cutting Pipe
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Getting Prepared To Drill
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Three Handwashing System Demonstration
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Teeth Brushing Demonstration
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Students Participate In Training
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Students Learn To Make Tippy Taps
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Students Learn About Using Mosquito Net
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Students Displaying Bad Hygiene Poster
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Mr Boyah Inspector Of School Kaffubullom Chiefdom
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Mr Boyah School Inspector Participating In Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Learning About Tippy Taps
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Hygiene Facilitator Teaching About Diarrhea Through Diarrhea Doll
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Facilitator Instructs The Students
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Diarrhea Doll
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Well In Need Of Rehab
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Students
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Students Outside
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Sign
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  School Scourts Club
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  School Building
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  School Building Back
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Ongoing Lesson
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Olivia Sesay
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Mr David B Conteh
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Building Under Construction
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  Alternate Water Source
The Water Project: Rowana Junior Secondary School -  School Canteen

Project Status



Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Port Loko, Sierra Leone WaSH Program

Impact: 217 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - May 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

The Rowana Development Agency was formed by a group of people who wanted to help alleviate suffering in Kirma Community. One of its first endeavors was the construction of Rowana Junior Secondary School in 2010. The school started with just 19 students in the first grade, and two years later the second and third grades were instituted. The current student population is 200; 120 girls and 80 boys.

There is an observed cordiality and respect between teachers and students that seems to be a recipe for success here. With several awards and recognition under its belt, the school prides itself with having some of the brightest minds.

Despite the success of the school, it does not have a water source. The well that is on the school grounds was never completed. It has sat unused for nearly a decade.

“Two organizations have put their hands together to help us achieve our goal of providing safe drinking water to our students and both have failed,” said Principal David Conteh.

With a limited clean and safe water supply, the students are subjected to drinking water from less desirable sources like the swamp and stream. The closest water source is a stream that everyone, including students, fetches water from to meet all of their water-related needs. Students must even cross the dangerous Port Loko highway to reach it.

The water point is accessed by animals of every breed. There are swamp rats that frequent the water source and, they’re the main destroyers of rice and other vegetables that are planted in the area.

The students suffer as a result of using water from this source. The water is unsafe for consumption and leaves the students at risk of contracting waterborne illnesses. Furthermore, the lack of water on school grounds means that latrines and classrooms are not regularly cleaned. It is an added inconvenience that impacts girls the most.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Well Rehabilitation

The well marked for this overhaul needs major work to supply adequate, clean water to the community year round. The pump base will be removed, and a hand auger will be lowered inside and powered by a drill team. This hand auger will allow the team to drill several meters deeper to hit a sufficient water column that will ensure the well supplies water throughout all seasons.

As the team drills, casing will be installed to transform the bottom of this hand-dug well into a borehole. PVC piping will connect this lower system directly to the new stainless steel pump, a process that we know will also improve the quality of water.

Once this plan is implemented, everyone at the school will have access to safe drinking water in both quality and quantity, even through the dry months of the year.

Hygiene and Sanitation Training

There will be hygiene and sanitation training sessions offered for three days in a row.

No handwashing stations were observed here. After our visit, the hygiene and sanitation trainer decided it would be best to teach teachers and students how to build a tippy tap (a handwashing station built with a jerrycan, string, and sticks). They will use these tippy taps for handwashing demonstrations, and will also teach about other tools like dish racks and the importance of properly penning in animals.

These trainings will also build up a water user committee that manages and maintains this well. They will enforce proper behavior and report to us whenever they need our help solving a serious problem, like a pump breakdown.

Project Updates


05/31/2019: Rowana Junior Secondary School Project Complete

We are excited to share that there is a safe, reliable water point at Rowana Junior Secondary School that’s already providing clean water to students and neighboring community members! Hygiene and sanitation training was also conducted at the school, which focused on healthy practices such as washing hands and using latrines.

Nobody was more excited about the completed project than Ibrahim S. Kamara, the Headboy for the school. He explained why:

“I was given the responsibility of choosing who fetches water from the swamp each day.  It was difficult to make friends because whomever I chose for the day would be upset with me. I was always cautious of who to choose to avoid being beat up. I am thankful and grateful that the job has come to an end. I am more excited than the whole school.”

Ibrahim S. Kamara

Clean Water Restored

The first thing the drill team did when they arrived at Rowana Junior Secondary School was to contact the village elders and school administrators to find a place to camp. The team was there at exactly 3 pm, by which time the principal and a few senior teachers were already there to welcome and help them find lodging. Their baggage and drill equipment was packed in a room assigned to them and they set up their tent a few meters away from the well.

Here is how we restored clean, reliable water here:

1. Raised the tripod

2. Found the original depth (for this well, we measured 66.6 feet)

3. Socketed the pipes

4. Installed casing

5. Lined up the drill rods

6. Drilled!

The team removed the hatch cover first thing in the morning and lowered a temporary six-inch PVC pipe through the open hatch to the bottom of the well. The bucket auger drill bit was connected to the drilling rod and lowered inside the temporary casing to the bottom of the well. Each drilling rod is 18 feet long. A team member pulled a rope through a pulley to raise the rod out of the casing so that two team members could empty the bucket.

This process was repeated and six inches were occasionally hammered down in order to keep the borehole straight. The first layer of tough sand was encountered after 24 feet of drilling on the first day. After the layer of sand was encountered, clay sand was met which is a sign of water…. but it is also a sign of the well potentially collapsing. Another six feet were drilled through the clay to come across another texture of clay for four feet.

The drilling was stopped at a total depth of 72 feet. The team was very confident that the reached total depth would produce the desired quantity of water, safe and clean water that will pass the water quality testing and to serve the community throughout the year without drying.

7. Installed screening and filter pack

8. Cemented an iron rod to well lining, and fixed it with an iron collar at the top

9. Bailed the well by hand for three days and flushed it

10. Tested the yield

11. Built a cement platform, walls, and drainage system

12. Installed a stainless steel India Mk11 pump

The hand-drill method allowed the team to install the cylinder far below the aquifer so that the community can have great water access throughout the year.

13. Water quality test

The school is very isolated and far from the nearest water point. During lunch hours the students used to buy water in plastic pouches. Now, water that is of better quality is at their doorstep.

The handing over ceremony was held in the morning. The school staff and students showed up in large numbers to celebrate the completed well. The students and community members erupted in songs both in the local dialect and songs of worship. The principal was very happy and almost at the point of tears because having clean water in any school creates a good learning environment for the children.

The guest of honor was the representative from the Ministry of Education Inspectorate Office, Mr. Marrah, who was at a loss for words. He praised the good work done by our teams, saying the number of people dying from waterborne illnesses has greatly decreased because of their work in all the hard to reach areas of the chiefdom. A round of applause was given for the good work and the effort to save lives in the chiefdom.

New Knowledge

The water user committee was notified of our pending hygiene training a week ahead. All nine members were contacted and asked to be present with one gallon containers. It was the responsibility of the committee to inform all the community members that are within the school compound and are going to have access to this water point.

Students at the training

The attendance was more than expected because the local headman, community members, and best of all the Ministry of Education Inspectorate office representative was present. The Ministry of Education Deputy Director had requested for the help at this particular school. Their presence was highly appreciated; it motivated all teachers, staff and students and it created a scene of full participation.

In total, more than 500 people were in attendance for the training. The training started at 11am, with the morning sun reaching just about its peak. The only refuge from the hot dry season sun is to sit under a large tree and enjoy a cup of water. A big thanks to the former principal who planted this large tree that now provides shade to this group of people!

The hygiene team was very impressed by the honesty of some of the participants who admitted that this is the first time such a training had been conducted at the school. This type of training is needed in every school to help reduce the rate of disease transmission among students. The issues and topics discussed were of great interest for the teachers and students alike.

Training topics covered included:

  • The first day was the importance of handwashing and the construction of tippy taps. Easy and affordable.
  • Good and Bad hygiene
  • Healthy and unhealthy communities
  • Disease transmission stories
  • Diarrhea
  • Dish racks
  • Keeping the water clean
  • Proper care of the pump
  • Importance of having and using a latrine

The only challenge was getting people to take turns speaking. Everybody wanted to say something about the training and wanted to have their picture taken.

Good and bad hygiene was another topic of interest. A secondary school student is required to use the color white for their shirt and without proper hygiene, the uniform will resemble a piece of rag by the middle of the school year. It is not unheard of for a student to skip showering in the morning before going to school, especially if it is during the rainy season.

Bathing twice a day, cleaning toes and fingers and brushing of teeth with a toothbrush and paste are all activities that are vital to the proper growth and healthy lifestyle of an individual. The parents should be thinking about cleaning their surroundings and make sure all feces or urine left overnight in the rooms (because they don’t want to go out to the latrine in the middle of the night) should be emptied into the latrines and the area scrubbed with soap and clean water.

“The handwashing topic is going to greatly have a positive effect on our lives. The training and the project have improved the lives of my students and myself,” said Vice Principal Mohamed Bangura.

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : sierraleone19265-students-drinking-water


04/25/2019: Rowana Junior Secondary School Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage at Rowana Junior Secondary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to solve this issue by building a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : sierraleone19256-carrying-water-2


Project Photos


Project Type

Borehole and Hand Pump

Girls and women walk long distances for water when safe water is very often right under their feet! Underground rivers, called aquifers, often contain a constant supply of safe water – but you have to get to it. No matter what machine or piece of equipment is used, all drilling is aiming for a borehole that reaches into an aquifer. If the aquifer has water - and after the well is developed - we are able to pull water to the surface utilizing a hand-pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around 5 gallons of water a minute through a hand-pump.


Contributors

Helsingør Gymnasium
Harrison Family Charity
Year 11 Advisory Team 2019 PCSSC
Gift in Honor of the Grau's
Gift in Honor of the Grau's
Marks Paneth Campaign for Water
For our Papaw
RMS Water Challenge 2019
Alan's Campaign for Water
15 individual donor(s)