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The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Fence Around The Spring Box
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Protected Spring
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Training
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Training
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Training
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Rwempisi-Amanga Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 200 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Mar 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 10/04/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

Most community members wake up at 6am to go to their gardens where they work on crops for their own consumption. They plant these kinds of crops for their families on a small plot of land, because their real investment is in sugarcane. After checking their gardens, they move on to their sugarcane farms – with the goal being to sell in bulk to local sugar factories. This area is also known for a high production of bananas, which they sell to the neighboring markets in Ekarakaveni.

After farming in the cool of the morning, men go to the trading center to earn money in different ways – some are shop attendants while others are mechanics. The women remain at home to do domestic work like preparing meals, looking after children, and cleaning the homestead.

In the evening, most men meet at the trading center to socialize before they return home and prepare for sleep at 10pm.

This community has a very poor road network, which makes traveling to and fro difficult.


The community faces a water problem. Mr. Ismail Ecoku said, “We access water from an old, contaminated and broken spring that leads to water diseases like diarrhea. Besides, the health conditions are not good since the available hospitals are not well-facilitated with enough drugs. Hence a lot of money is spent on treatment!”

The spring has eroded behind the cement headwall and requires reconstruction. Though someone came through and built this concrete wall and installed a discharge pipe recently in 2011, proper measures were not taken to protect the spring behind the discharge pipe. Activities and sub sequential erosion behind the concrete has diverted the water to pool at the surface.

Community members come and dunk their plastic containers in this dirty water, which they use for drinking, cooking, and cleaning. The field officer who first visited this water source reports that not only is the water visibly contaminated by erosion and surface runoff, but that it smells too. After drinking this water, community members suffer from typhoid.


Less than half of households have a pit latrine. The materials used for these vary by a family’s economic status – ranging from bricks to sticks and mud. Most of these have grass-thatched roofs and no doors. Because of such low latrine coverage in this community, open defecation is an issue. When a family doesn’t have a pit latrine, they seek the privacy of bushes and farms to relieve themselves.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices, since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the project installation.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, hand-washing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to: build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Spring Protection

Over continued visits to the community, the viability of a hand-dug well diminished. We just couldn’t find a good construction site for a well that would yield safe, clean water. The terrain here is very hilly; a great place for flowing springs but a difficult place to dig a well.

Considering the convenience, reliability, and long history of the spring they’re already using, the community has decided to unite with us to build a spring protection system for their current source. Once construction is completed, the spring will begin to yield clean drinking water.

There’s a lot of work to be done: Community members will have to help our team clear the land around the spring, diverge the water, build a catchment area with walls allowing for discharge pipes and steps in and out, and dig drainage. Local families will host our spring protection artisans while they begin the sanitation improvements needed for a successful partnership. We all look forward to making these improvements together!

This project is a part of our shared program with The Water Trust. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Uganda.

Project Updates

03/21/2018: Rwempisi-Amanga Community Project Complete

Rwempisi-Amanga Community in Uganda has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your donation. A spring has been protected from contamination, and now clean water is flowing. Community members have also received training in sanitation and hygiene, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

We trained the newly-formed water sanitation committee (WSC) at Robert Odipio’s home for three full days. It was a great place to meet because Mr. Odipio had already installed all of the helpful things we were going to talk about – like a latrine, dish rack, hand-washing station, and everything else.

The entire committee was trained, 10 total members including a chairman, village health trainers, local council chairs, and an opinion leader. Everyone was respectful and fully participated in each activity.

Training taught committee members about their different roles. There is a WSC chairman, vice chairman, secretary, treasurer, two caretakers, and a mobilizer.

Since many people in rural areas are illiterate, our training facilitator used simple language and many pictures. Participants also formed small groups to discuss the pictures and what practices they illustrated.

Walking through the steps of hand-washing together.

Training raised awareness on keeping water clean, routes of contamination, hand-washing, hygiene practices, and gender. Lessons also equipped the WSC with the right knowledge to do their job well, including managing finances and keeping records. They are now able to be effective ambassadors of good hygiene, sanitation, and health in their neighborhoods. They even have a community plan to carry out everything they learned.

“This training has equipped us with the skills of improving our sanitation, and hence we will have better lives. We also hope to use the knowledge we have acquired to improve the way we manage our water point,” Mr. Odipio said.

Spring Protection

The community was helpful once our artisans arrived; they provided food, rooms to stay, and volunteered their time to work alongside them. Community members gathered small stones that the artisans could use along the sides of the catchment area. With their efforts, clean water was flowing from the spring in no time.

The area is first cleared and leveled out, and we excavate back from the spring eye. Ballast is then mixed with cement and sand to make concrete. A wire mesh is lain on the excavated space before the concrete is added in order to create a strong foundation. This foundation is left to cure overnight.

Next, the walls are raised with brick. The artisan then installs a pipe low in the collection wall to direct water from the reservoir to a concrete or plastic spring box. He then backfills the spring source with hardcore until water is flowing from the discharge pipe. The area around the spring is then landscaped, fenced, and drainage is dug.

This fence was built around the spring box to keep the clean water inside safe and secure.

We were privileged to be there as some community members came down the path to fetch their first containers of clean water.

“We are very grateful for the water point. This has helped the community of Rwempisi Amanga have access to clean water, which was not the case before. We are going to ensure that we maintain it, and keep it clean and functioning as we have been trained,” Mr. Damian Atiba said.

The Water Project : 13-uganda6088-clean-water

01/22/2018: Rwempisi-Amanga Community Project Underway

Rwempisi-Amanga Community in Uganda will soon have a source of clean water, thanks to your generous donation. A spring is being protected, and the community will attend sessions on sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including information about the community, project details, and pictures. We’ll keep you informed as the work continues.

Thank You for partnering with us to unlock potential!

The Water Project : 2-uganda6088-current-water-source

Project Videos

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


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