Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 200 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 09/20/2023

Project Features

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Community Profile

Most community members wake up at 6am to go to their gardens where they work on crops for their own consumption. They plant these kinds of crops for their families on a small plot of land, because their real investment is in sugarcane. After checking their gardens, they move on to their sugarcane farms - with the goal being to sell in bulk to local sugar factories. This area is also known for a high production of bananas, which they sell to the neighboring markets in Ekarakaveni.

After farming in the cool of the morning, men go to the trading center to earn money in different ways - some are shop attendants while others are mechanics. The women remain at home to do domestic work like preparing meals, looking after children, and cleaning the homestead.

In the evening, most men meet at the trading center to socialize before they return home and prepare for sleep at 10pm.

This community has a very poor road network, which makes traveling to and fro difficult.


The community faces a water problem. Mr. Ismail Ecoku said, "We access water from an old, contaminated and broken spring that leads to water diseases like diarrhea. Besides, the health conditions are not good since the available hospitals are not well-facilitated with enough drugs. Hence a lot of money is spent on treatment!"

The spring has eroded behind the cement headwall and requires reconstruction. Though someone came through and built this concrete wall and installed a discharge pipe recently in 2011, proper measures were not taken to protect the spring behind the discharge pipe. Activities and sub sequential erosion behind the concrete has diverted the water to pool at the surface.

Community members come and dunk their plastic containers in this dirty water, which they use for drinking, cooking, and cleaning. The field officer who first visited this water source reports that not only is the water visibly contaminated by erosion and surface runoff, but that it smells too. After drinking this water, community members suffer from typhoid.


Less than half of households have a pit latrine. The materials used for these vary by a family's economic status - ranging from bricks to sticks and mud. Most of these have grass-thatched roofs and no doors. Because of such low latrine coverage in this community, open defecation is an issue. When a family doesn't have a pit latrine, they seek the privacy of bushes and farms to relieve themselves.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices, since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the project installation.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, hand-washing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to: build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Spring Protection

Over continued visits to the community, the viability of a hand-dug well diminished. We just couldn’t find a good construction site for a well that would yield safe, clean water. The terrain here is very hilly; a great place for flowing springs but a difficult place to dig a well.

Considering the convenience, reliability, and long history of the spring they're already using, the community has decided to unite with us to build a spring protection system for their current source. Once construction is completed, the spring will begin to yield clean drinking water.

There’s a lot of work to be done: Community members will have to help our team clear the land around the spring, diverge the water, build a catchment area with walls allowing for discharge pipes and steps in and out, and dig drainage. Local families will host our spring protection artisans while they begin the sanitation improvements needed for a successful partnership. We all look forward to making these improvements together!

This project is a part of our shared program with The Water Trust. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Uganda.

Project Updates

December, 2018: A Year Later: Rwempisi-Amanga Community

A year ago, your generous donation enabled us to protect a spring for Rwempisi-Amanga Community in Uganda. The contributions of incredible monthly donors and others giving directly to The Water Promise allow our local teams to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the water project over time. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories. Read more...

March, 2018: Rwempisi-Amanga Community Project Complete

Rwempisi-Amanga Community in Uganda has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your donation. A spring has been protected from contamination, and now clean water is flowing. Community members have also received training in sanitation and hygiene, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

We trained the newly-formed water sanitation committee (WSC) at Robert Odipio's home for three full days. It was a great place to meet because Mr. Odipio had already installed all of the helpful things we were going to talk about - like a latrine, dish rack, hand-washing station, and everything else.

The entire committee was trained, 10 total members including a chairman, village health trainers, local council chairs, and an opinion leader. Everyone was respectful and fully participated in each activity.

Training taught committee members about their different roles. There is a WSC chairman, vice chairman, secretary, treasurer, two caretakers, and a mobilizer.

Since many people in rural areas are illiterate, our training facilitator used simple language and many pictures. Participants also formed small groups to discuss the pictures and what practices they illustrated.

Walking through the steps of hand-washing together.

Training raised awareness on keeping water clean, routes of contamination, hand-washing, hygiene practices, and gender. Lessons also equipped the WSC with the right knowledge to do their job well, including managing finances and keeping records. They are now able to be effective ambassadors of good hygiene, sanitation, and health in their neighborhoods. They even have a community plan to carry out everything they learned.

"This training has equipped us with the skills of improving our sanitation, and hence we will have better lives. We also hope to use the knowledge we have acquired to improve the way we manage our water point," Mr. Odipio said.

Spring Protection

The community was helpful once our artisans arrived; they provided food, rooms to stay, and volunteered their time to work alongside them. Community members gathered small stones that the artisans could use along the sides of the catchment area. With their efforts, clean water was flowing from the spring in no time.

The area is first cleared and leveled out, and we excavate back from the spring eye. Ballast is then mixed with cement and sand to make concrete. A wire mesh is lain on the excavated space before the concrete is added in order to create a strong foundation. This foundation is left to cure overnight.

Next, the walls are raised with brick. The artisan then installs a pipe low in the collection wall to direct water from the reservoir to a concrete or plastic spring box. He then backfills the spring source with hardcore until water is flowing from the discharge pipe. The area around the spring is then landscaped, fenced, and drainage is dug.

This fence was built around the spring box to keep the clean water inside safe and secure.

We were privileged to be there as some community members came down the path to fetch their first containers of clean water.

"We are very grateful for the water point. This has helped the community of Rwempisi Amanga have access to clean water, which was not the case before. We are going to ensure that we maintain it, and keep it clean and functioning as we have been trained," Mr. Damian Atiba said.

January, 2018: Rwempisi-Amanga Community Project Underway

Rwempisi-Amanga Community in Uganda will soon have a source of clean water, thanks to your generous donation. A spring is being protected, and the community will attend sessions on sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including information about the community, project details, and pictures. We’ll keep you informed as the work continues.

Thank You for partnering with us to unlock potential!

Project Videos

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!

A Year Later: Rwempisi-Amanga Community

December, 2018

People are drinking clean and safe water thanks to the spring protection built a year ago.

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Rwempisi-Amanga Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Rwempisi-Amanga Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

A year ago, your generous donation enabled us to protect a spring for Rwempisi-Amanga Community in Uganda. The contributions of incredible monthly donors and others giving directly to The Water Promise allow our local teams to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the water project over time. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – and we’re excited to share this one from local team member Steven Kwekiriza with you.

People are drinking clean and safe water thanks to the spring protection built a year ago. Children no longer fall sick, which means they are no longer absent from school. The levels of diarrheal diseases have reduced drastically after the water point was commissioned, according to interviews and surveys in the community.

Joshua and Stephen exchanging ideas

One person we met at the spring was Sharon. She said she does not have to walk a long distance to the old water point anymore since the new clean water point is close to her home. She previously spent more than 30 minutes to fetch water from the old source. Now, it takes her less than 10 minutes to get water. Other people we spoke with at the spring also mentioned that they don't worry about getting snake bites, something that was a common occurrence at the other water point because of its location.

Protection of the spring is only one step along the journey toward sustainable access to clean water. The Water Project is committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by donors like you, allows us to maintain our relationships with communities by visiting up to 4 times each year to ensure that the water points are safe and reliable.

This is just one of the many ways that we monitor projects and communicate with you. Additionally, you can always check the functionality status and our project map to see how all of our water points are performing, based on our consistent monitoring data.

One project is just a drop in the bucket towards ending the global water crisis, but the ripple effects of this project are truly astounding. This project in Rwempisi-Amanga Community is changing many lives.

This is only possible because of the web of support and trust built between The Water Project, our local teams, the community, and you. We are excited to stay in touch with this community and support their journey with safe water.

Read more about The Water Promise and how you can help.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Rwempisi-Amanga Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Rwempisi-Amanga Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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