Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Program: Wells for Masindi / Jinga Uganda

Impact: 170 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Dec 2014

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 03/18/2024

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Community Profile

The report below from our partner in the field gives some great information on the construction of a new hand-dug well in the Kinyomozi Pili Pili Village in Uganda:


Kinyomozi Pili Pili village lies at the bank of River Titi, a small river that meanders across Kikube parish located in Kiryandongo sub-county, along the Kampala- Gulu highway. The village is endowed with fertile soils and residents here engage in commercial farming with cassava and maize being the major cash crops grown. All the produce of this village finds a ready market along the Kampala-Gulu high way.

Our social team talked to Mr. Tamuzadde Tom 46 and father of 28 children who migrated to this village in 1978 during war and has since settled here with his family to engage in commercial farming. During the discussion, he revealed to us that all residents in the village draw water from river Titi whose water sometimes has a bad smell arising from the many people that use this water differently. "Residents with cows bring them to this river to drink water leaving it very dirty and alcohol brewers from the nearby village distill directly from some parts of the river causing a smelly stench to flow towards our village hence contaminating the only source of water for our village."

The Water Trust in response to an application letter by Mr. Kimeze Geroge the village chairman TWT will partner with this village to construct a shallow hand dug well that will provide clean and safe water to this village. The village members will be required to excavate the well at a suitable location and also provide all local materials like one trip of sand, one trip of hard core and 2000 bricks. In turn, The Water Trust will provide all technical support, cement, transport for all materials and all hardware materials including a pump-head and pipes. The community will further provide accommodation and food to our technician who will reside at one of the community member’s home till this project is complete.

Sanitation and Hygiene Strategy

The main objectives of TWT’s Sanitation and Hygiene Program are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices as these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand washing at critical times are all possible contaminates to the water supply at the household level. TWT leverages this relationship, by requiring each participating village to achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the pump installation for a shallow hand dug well. Using the immediate gratification of clean water as an impetus, TWT works toward sustainable, interdisciplinary WASH development.

The Water Trust’s social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) per village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine with hand-washing facility, a rubbish pit, separate structure for animals and drying rack for dishes.

Community Led Total Sanitation

The Water Trust implements the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. TWT facilitates a CLTS session in which we aim to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that current practices of individual households – particularly open defecation– are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to: build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Construction Progress

October 31, 2014

Bernard the technician and Maurice the technical supervisor moved to this village to site a suitable location to construct the water source which was successful. The landscape is fairly flat with seasonal swamps that dry out in the dry season. Excavation work by the community began with enthusiasm and we hope it will not take long before this well is complete.

November 7, 2014

Bernard the technician with support from the community has managed to excavate up-to 29ft deep and water has been struck. The community is very excited with the development and have mobilized all their contribution to this project of 1trip of sand, a trip of hard core and 200 bricks which Hassan the TWT driver will deliver before end of the week.

November 14, 2014

Bernard and the community have managed to deepen the well up to 36ft with a water column of 7ft. Due to the current well depth; water is being drained out by bucketing. Both the pump base and the top slab have been cast and is now curing. Bricking up of the wall is progressing on well. An additional 1500 bricks and half a trip of sand will be delivered to site within this week.

December 12, 2014

Installation of this well was successfully done and the community is now enjoying clean water from the shallow hand dug well that we provided to them.

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Hand-dug wells have been an important source of water throughout human history! Now, we have so many different types of water sources, but hand-dug wells still have their place. Hand dug wells are not as deep as borehole wells, and work best in areas where there is a ready supply of water just under the surface of the ground, such as next to a mature sand dam. Our artisans dig down through the layers of the ground and then line the hole with bricks, stone, or concrete, which prevent contamination and collapse. Then, back up at surface level, we install a well platform and a hand pump so people can draw up the water easily.