Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jun 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 03/11/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

Rwenziramire village is located in the Masindi District of Uganda. This village is gifted with fertile soils suitable for commercial farming and food crop production. This has boosted community members to actively engage in food crop and sugarcane production for both commercial sale and home use. They grow food crops like cassava, sweet potatoes, and beans for subsistence purposes only.

A natural abundance of sand in the area serves as another valuable natural resource. People mine the sand as an economic activity that is a source of income for the youth in the village.

The village's natural resources fall short when it comes to water, however. There is only one water point serving more than 3,000 people here. This has caused significant water stress for the community, especially during the dry season when the demand for water increases.

Yovan Beyeza, a 74-year-old father of ten children, described the village's water situation as "a serious water crisis."

"Homes use water sparingly, some bathing only once a day. Washing clothes becomes an enormous challenge since getting water is tough," he said.

To make matters worse, the well requires significant repairs. That leads to a slow water discharge that causes people to wait in long lines to fill up their water containers each day.

"There is always a lot of crowding and long queues, leading to fighting for water, especially in the evenings," said primary school-aged Beatrice.

Because the well is not reliable, people turn to alternate and unsafe sources for water. One is a stagnant pool of water that fills up with the rain. Passing animals walk through, defecate in, and drink from the pool, while people must wade in to collect water. These conditions expose people to waterborne diseases, like typhoid, which causes families to spend a lot of money on medical fees and leads students to miss school.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Rehabilitated Well

We are going to restore water to the broken-down borehole. Since this water point is located at the center of the village and easily accessible by the majority of people, unlike the springs which are located at the far ends of the village, when this borehole is restored to its original status, it will provide the community with easy access to clean and safe water. We will remove the old pump, clear out the well, reinstall a new stainless steel pump, and build a new well pad to protect the water.


Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices since these goals are inherently connected to clean water provision. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers, and the absence of handwashing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household) before the pump installation for a shallow hand-dug well.

This social program includes the assignment of 1 Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that consists of a latrine, handwashing facility, a separate structure for animals, a rubbish pit, and a drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that individual households' current practices – particularly the practice of open defecation – are unhealthy and affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation, and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to build latrines, use the latrines, and demand that other families do the same.

Improved Sanitation

The aim is that all households own an improved latrine. Many families do not use a latrine but use the bush. Due to open defecation, feces are spread all over the village. This leads to waterborne diseases and contamination of groundwater and surface water. Our aim is that the community can live a healthy life free of preventable diseases. We endeavor that people will have both access to sustainable, clean water and access to sanitation at the end of our presence in the community. We have now organized families to form digging groups for latrine construction and empower them with the tools they need.

Project Updates

June, 2021: Rwenziramire Community Project Complete!

Water is now flowing from a well in Rwenziramire, Uganda! People are thrilled about this development that has further unified their community. Community members also attended hygiene, sanitation, and financial planning sessions spanning a wide range of topics that will enable them to live healthier lives.

"Before this borehole was rehabilitated, there were frequent breakdowns, and it would take time to fill a jerrycan, making it very tiresome to pump. Being the only borehole in this village, there was a lot of time wastage at the water point, and the majority would hope for the dam water for other domestic purposes to save time which caused several health impacts," said Oliver Tumuhaise.

She continued saying, "This rehabilitation will help save our time because nowadays when I come to collect water, I don't take as long compared to before, and this has saved us from the long-distance we used to walk to the dam to collect water," she said.

Rehabilitated Well

It took about a month of work to clean out this deep hand-dug well. Two artisans worked both from inside the well and at ground level to restore clean water here.

The bottom of the well needed to be cleaned out, and the sides of the well needed to be re-lined. One artisan worked from the bottom of the well, filling a bucket with silt that the other would pull up with a rope. Once the team cleared the bottom, they built and installed some casing to protect this well from contamination better.

Community members helped gather sand to mix the cement that our artisans used to build a new well pad to cover the 1.2-meter opening. This well pad protects the water from any contamination that would come from above ground.

Once the new well pad dried, mechanics arrived to install the stainless steel Consallen pump. There is now clean, safe water flowing from this well!

The dedication ceremony involved the water and sanitation committee members together with a few community members of the community in attendance. One of the Water and Sanitation Committee members gave a brief speech of thanks for rehabilitating their water point. Members showed their excitement by dancing, singing, and clapping.

"This water point will help me improve more on my personal hygiene practices like bathing, washing clothes, and washing our hands with soap, especially during this time of the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak because even our teachers told us always to wash our hands regularly," said 10-year-old Titus Tugume.


The self-help group associated with the project was set up and trained in advance of selecting this project. The following is how we conducted the training.

The first training session focused on financial planning. We mobilized the community through a series of meetings that sensitized them on the importance and purpose of saving. This included meetings dedicated to creating a community profile, where participants map the physical environment and stakeholders in their own community. We also ran a participatory vulnerability capacity assessment exercise. In this session, community members mapped out their shared risks and opportunities, including the water point breaking down.

Next, we scheduled the savings group training date with the community. We planned for a one-day training broken into four major parts: introduction, first saving meeting, first loan meeting, and share.

We worked with the community to establish a Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) and a water user committee. The savings group set up a fund to provide small loans to each other and another fund they will use to pay for any repairs to the well if an issue arises. The group also agreed on a social fund to contribute to each meeting to provide grants to fellow group members to help them with funeral expenses or catastrophes such as fire damage. Our teams will provide follow-up training to support putting the savings group into practice while also offering continuous coaching in records management.

Additional training sessions focused on hygiene and sanitation at the personal, household, community, and environmental levels. In collaboration with the community facilitator and local leaders, we trained households on critical hygiene and sanitation facilities to build. These include latrines, dish racks, refuse pits, handwashing facilities, and bathing shelters. Our teams monitor these facilities’ construction while helping the community learn how to best use and care for them.

Finally, we led an additional training for local artisans to teach them how to fabricate and sell locally used and accepted sanitation products that allow for more hygienic and accessible latrines.

Just as with the financial training, we will continue to support the community in their sanitation and hygiene progress through monitoring visits. In addition, we will offer follow-up assistance and refresher training to ensure community members follow through in building their new facilities and developing new habits.

Thank you for making all of this possible!

May, 2021: Rwenziramire Community project underway!

An unreliable well is making people in Rwenziramire Community, Uganda wait in long lines and seek out unsafe water sources. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!

A Year Later: A Savings and Sanitation Solution

July, 2022

A year ago, your generous donation helped Rwenziramire Community in Uganda access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Johnson. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Rwenziramire Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Rwenziramire Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

"Before this water point was rehabilitated, all the rods and pipes were worn out and they had leakages," said 65-year-old farmer Johnson Kyomya. He was elected as the chairperson of the well's water user committee last year and has served as the well's caretaker ever since.

"We would make several pump strokes before water [would] start flowing," Johnson continued.

"Being the only borehole in the village, it had a very big population, which led to several conflicts at the water point as people struggled to collect water. This made others abandon it and opt for a nearby dam about 1.5 kilometers away, which was always contaminated since it's even shared with animals. We wasted a lot of productive time in search for water."

But now that the well has been fixed, and is being monitored to ensure it stays that way, life in Rwenziramire has improved so much.

"After the rehabilitation, [we] no longer spend a lot of money on repairs like before. With the saving culture towards the waterpoint, money is always available for the repairs."

Since we constructed another borehole nearby, the strain on the well and pump from such a high population has reduced.

"Above all, we thank [you] for constructing us an additional borehole, which has helped to reduce the heavy population that was imposed on this water point," Johnson said. "There are no more queues like before, and I can now collect water at any time without any issues. A lot of my time is saved for other productive activities."

With all the positive factors together, life is looking up for Rwenziramire's people.

"The savings group that was formed after the rehabilitation of this water point has helped improve our economic lives," Johnson said.

"People have been able to use the water to speed up their construction process and others are using the water to make bricks for sale, which has boosted their financial status. The sanitation situation within the community has improved and over 90% now have latrines, which has further reduced the cases of diarrheal diseases among our children."

Johnson demonstrates the working pump.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Rwenziramire Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Rwenziramire Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.