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The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Finished Hand Dug Well
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Finished Hand Dug Well
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Finished Hand Dug Well
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Finished Hand Dug Well
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Well Excavation
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Making Soap During Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Soap Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Kyule Household
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Kyule Household
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Muinde Kyule
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Hand Dug Wells
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Hand Dug Wells
The Water Project: Kathuni Community A -  Group Members

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Jun 2018

Functionality Status:  Project Monitoring Data Delayed

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Mbindi Self-Help Group is made up of farmers who united to address water and food shortages in their region. We’ve come alongside them to give them the support and tools they’ve needed, and they’ve already completed two clean water systems in Mbindi Village.

Now, they’re looking to improve living standards for their neighbors in Kathuni.

The group was formed in 2015 with a membership of 27 people; 12 males and 15 females. Their home of Mbindi has a population of 832. The average age of members is 47, and the average household size is seven. The majority of members, since farmers, rely on agriculture as their main source of income.

Water

The main sources of water for the area are two sand dam and well systems we’ve built in Mbindi. But with a region of about 1,500 people relying on them, the systems get extremely busy at times. Furthermore, both are still far away from many families living on the other side of the village.

Those who don’t have the time or who are farther away fetch their water from open sources. These are completely open to contamination, and users still suffer from waterborne diseases. That’s why Mbindi Self-Help Group is continuing its partnership with us to install even more clean water systems in different areas.

Sanitation

Having a usable pit latrine has always been important for people living in Mbindi; when we got there, we found 100% coverage. Instead, weaknesses were discovered in areas like hand-washing (less than half of families have a dedicated place for personal hygiene), and bathing. There has been some improvement since our first trainings, though. For example, everyone now has a pit for proper waste disposal.

Here’s what we’re going to do:

Review

We will continue to focus on daily habits that are difficult to monitor. Though we can check up on households to see how clean they are, we’re not able to observe daily water treatment, personal hygiene, and food preparation. We’ll check in with community members’ knowledge of the proper practices and review them together.

Hand-Dug Well

This hand-dug well is being built adjacent to the ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds living around both Mbindi and Kathuni.


This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


08/14/2018: Water Flowing in Kathuni Community

Kathuni Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam. The dam will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter the water available at the well. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

Our field officer visited Kathuni earlier this year to visit households and check up on their progress since last year’s training. These follow-up visits revealed that there were some gaps in the mastery of particular hygiene and sanitation topics. The field officer recommended a review training to highlight these topics. Community members agreed and asked not only for a review opportunity but for a chance to learn how to make their own soap. They met with us at Mr. Bernard Muia’s homestead on a hot, sunny day.

Community members agreed on an action plan last year and spent the beginning of these latest sessions to review their progress.

The group reviewed ways to treat water since the trainer found very few families had been treating water since last year’s training. Beyond detailed different methods, the trainer taught about some maintenance tactics too. For example, animals should be kept away from drinking water sources.

The group was taken through the various steps of making soap. Each group member took turns participating in every stage of the process. Despite the whole process taking a long time (around two and half hours), the members exercised a lot of patience until the entire batch was made.

Everyone took turns stirring the ingredients to make soap.

“The training was good. Our hygiene at home will improve because of the soap and the training. We will also sell some of the soap and earn income to benefit us. For example, we will pay for our children’s school fees. Our income will greatly increase both individually and at a group level,” Mr. John Mulwa said.

Mr. John Mulwa

Hand-Dug Well

We delivered the experts and materials, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand and water.

A hole seven feet in diameter is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells don’t reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.). They had to wait a while to install the lining because the hole unexpectedly flooded with water. The diameter then shrinks to five feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. Sand builds up around the well walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater that’s stored behind the dam.

Heavy rain flooded quite a few of the wells being excavated earlier this year. People had to bail out the water so that the artisan could line the well with brick and mortar.

Once the construction of the lining reaches ground level, a precast concrete slab is laid on top and joined to the wall using mortar. Four bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry over the course of two weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage and maintain the pump for themselves.

Thumbs up for a finished well and brand new pump!

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry. Communities are advised to pump out the water that seeps into the well after it rains for the first time because it needs to be cleaned out after construction. After pumping that for a while, the water turns clean and clear like what we see in the picture below.

A woman trying the well water for the first time.

The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam (click here to check it out) because as the dam matures, sand builds up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will climb the concrete steps to get their water. The group members were trained by our technical team on how to handle the common issues, although it is recommended that they contact the field officer in charge first before taking any matters into their hands.

“There were many water problems in this area and we had many issues when it came to access clean water. However, the situation has changed after the shallow well was installed in our community, and now we can easily improve our lives as well as our livelihoods,” Mr. John Mulwa said.


The Water Project : 18-kenya18205-clean-water


06/13/2018: Kathuni Community Well Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage affects hundreds of families living in Kathuni Community. But soon, families will no longer have to walk long distances to find clean water, wasting hours of time and tons of energy. So much has already been accomplished in Kathuni thanks to the hard work of artisans, mechanics, and trainers!

We received great pictures from one of the workshops held for community members who wanted to learn how to make soap, which they plan to not only use at home but sell in the local market. We look forward to reaching out with more good news in the coming weeks!


The Water Project : 1-kenya18205-soap-training


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.