Loading images...
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Sand Dam Excavation
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Sand Dam Excavation
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Carrying Materials
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  John Mulwa
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Kyule Household
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Kyule Household
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Muinde Kyule
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Hand Dug Wells
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Hand Dug Wells
The Water Project: Kathuni Community -  Group Members

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Jun 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Mbindi Self-Help Group is made up of farmers who united to address water and food shortages in their region. We’ve come alongside them to give them the support and tools they’ve needed, and they’ve already completed two clean water systems in Mbindi Village. Now, they’re looking to improve living standards for their neighbors in Kathuni.

The group was formed in 2015 with a membership of 27 people; 12 males and 15 females. Their home of Mbindi has a population of 832. The average age of members is 47, and the average household size is seven. The majority of members, since farmers, rely on agriculture as their main source of income.

Water

The main sources of water for the area are two sand dam and well systems we’ve built in Mbindi. But with a region of about 1,500 people relying on them, the systems get extremely busy at times. Furthermore, both are still far away from many families living on the other side of the village.

Those who don’t have the time or who are farther away fetch their water from open sources. These are completely open to contamination, and users still suffer from waterborne diseases. That’s why Mbindi Self-Help Group is continuing its partnership with us to install even more clean water systems in different areas.

Sanitation

Having a usable pit latrine has always been important for people living in Mbindi; when we got there, we found 100% coverage. Instead, weaknesses were discovered in areas like hand-washing (less than half of families have a dedicated place for personal hygiene), and bathing. There has been some improvement since our first trainings, though. For example, everyone now has a pit for proper waste disposal.

Here’s what we’re going to do:

Review

We will continue to focus on daily habits that are difficult to monitor. Though we can check up on households to see how clean they are, we’re not able to observe daily water treatment, personal hygiene, and food preparation. We’ll check in with community members’ knowledge of the proper practices and review them together.

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot further down the river will bring water closer to hundreds of other people. Mbindi Self-Help Group chose a construction site in neighboring Kathuni Community, and our team confirmed the viability of a sand dam by finding a good foundation of bedrock.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds living around Mbindi and Kathuni.


This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


06/30/2018: Kathuni Community Sand Dam Complete

Kathuni Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new sand dam was constructed on a sandy riverbed, which will build up and to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

Our field officer visited Kathuni earlier this year to visit households and check up on their progress since last year’s training. These follow-up visits revealed that there were some gaps in the mastery of particular hygiene and sanitation topics. The field officer recommended a review training to highlight these topics. Community members agreed and asked not only for a review opportunity but for a chance to learn how to make their own soap.

Community members agreed on an action plan last year, and spent the beginning of these latest sessions to review their progress.

The group met with us at Mr. Bernard Muia’s homestead on a hot, sunny day. They reviewed ways to treat water since the trainer found very few families were treating their water since last year’s training. Beyond detailed different methods, the trainer taught about some maintenance tactics too. For example, animals should be kept away from drinking water sources.

The group was taken through the various steps of making soap. Each group member took turns participating in every stage of the process. Despite the whole process taking a long time (around two and half hours) the members exercised a lot of patience until the entire batch was made.

“The training was good. Our hygiene at home will improve because of the soap and the training. We will also sell some of the soap and earn income to benefit us. For example, we will pay for our children’s school fees. Our income will greatly increase both individually and at a group level,”Mr. John Mulwa said.

Mr. John Mulwa

Sand Dam

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for successful completion of the dam. They also provided unskilled labor to support our artisans. The collection of the raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a super large sand dam, materials collection could take up to four months.

Women carrying stones to the construction site.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA) and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Excavation

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and twisted bar are used to reinforce the mixture.

Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold the sludge and rocks up above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile. However, it could take up to three years of rain (Because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity.

It is 43 meters long and 3.3 meters high and took 790 bags of cement to build!

Sand dam construction was simultaneous to the construction of a hand-dug well which gives locals a safe method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more water, more of it will be accessible as drinking water from the well. To see that hand-dug well, click here.


The Water Project : 25-kenya18175-finished-sand-dam


05/01/2018: Kathuni Community Sand Dam Underway

A shortage of clean water sources in Kathuni Community, Kenya drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 1-kenya18175-group-members


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.



Contributors

1 individual donor(s)