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The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Already Collecting Stones
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Mwikali Working In Kitchen
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Kimwele Household
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Kimwele Household
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Mwikali Kimwele

Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  06/30/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

We partner with Kwa Mbunza Self-Help Group (SHG) to bring adequate water near to families living in the Mwingi region. Kwa Mbunza SHG is thrilled to have installed their first sand dam and hand-dug well last year in Ikuusya Village.

This type of intervention helps people to improve their lives. Unpredictable rainfall patterns have made it impossible to guarantee water for communities all year round, as most rivers in Southeastern Kenya are seasonal. Sand dams harvest rainwater where it falls, making it available at the hand-dug well for the community to use until their next rain season.

Since each region is so expansive, we implement multiple systems over the course of five years to provide enough nearby water for everyone. More than 50% of the 2,008 people living in this part of Mwingi still have to walk up to six kilometers to find water.

These hardworking farmers that form the Kwa Mbunza SHG want to bring water closer to hundreds of their neighbors living in Kathamba Ngii Village.

Welcome to the Community

Kathamba Ngii Community does not yet have a source of clean water. There are three ways to get water: put out buckets when it rains (it rarely does), purchase expensive bottled water, or dig deep holes in dry, sandy riverbeds until water starts pooling. For a community that lives to get through each day, buying water isn’t really an option.

So, the main water source in this area is a “scoop hole.” Digging until water is found is the most consistent and affordable way to get what’s needed for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and watering crops and animals. These scoop holes do not provide water that is safe for human consumption since it is exposed to many contaminants. But even these scoop holes dry up when it doesn’t rain for a couple of months, making the situation dire. Women walk several more kilometers to find enough water for their families to drink.

“Lack of enough clean water supply has affected us so much as women of this area. We are traditionally required to get enough water for the family, so we have endured traveling long distances on the road and spending nights in rivers looking for water,” said Mrs. Ndunge Munywoki.

“We are committed to working on sand dams and shallow wells as they are immediate water solution projects in our community.”

In fact, the group is so excited about this opportunity that they have already started delivering stones to the potential construction site.

What we can do:


Kwa Mbunza Self-Help Group attended training sessions in Ikuusya last year. These taught about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in their homes. Taking good care of themselves and their environment will make for a healthy community. There has been progress, but another training will be held to ensure continued improvement. This upcoming training will give people living in Kathamba Ngii Village a chance to learn, too.

“We are not better off in terms of our hygiene and sanitation. However, we are working hard to keep on improving our standards so as to lead to more decent lifestyles and prevent disease attacks. By working on water projects and bring water close to everyone, we believe that we will improve our living standards in terms of hygiene and sanitation,” said Mrs. Mwikali Maluki.

Current Sanitation Facility Coverage:

Latrines 99%
Handwashing Stations 50%
Clotheslines 100%
Dish Racks 50%
Bathing Area 70%
Animal Enclosure 90%
Proper Garbage Disposal 70%

And though most families have a good pit latrine, they need to clean them more often. Latrines were found to be below average, while some owners admitted to not ever cleaning them. Upcoming training sessions will strengthen weaknesses and continue encouraging each family that making the extra effort to clean homes, bathe, wash hands, and treat water is well worth it!

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well will be built adjacent to Kwa Mbunza SHG’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kathamba Ngii Village and will bring clean water closer to families in Mwingi that have to walk long distances for water.

Project Updates

04/10/2019: Kathamba Ngii Community Hand-Dug Well Underway

People living in Kathamba Ngii currently have to walk quite a ways to find water, and that water isn’t even clean. Thanks to your generosity, we are working to excavate a hand-dug well next to a sand dam that will bring water closer to home for hundreds of people.

Get to know this community by reading the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read more about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project and how it works. We look forward to reaching out again when we have more news!

The Water Project : 8-kenya19211-fetching-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Project Sponsor - Barbara Belle Ash Dougan Family Foundation