Loading images...
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Complete Well
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Complete Well
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Complete Well
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Cement
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Well Dedication
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Already Collecting Stones
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Mwikali Working In Kitchen
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Kimwele Household
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Kimwele Household
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community A -  Mwikali Kimwele

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jun 2019

Functionality Status:  Low/No Water or Mechanical Breakdown

Last Checkup: 08/13/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



We partner with Kwa Mbunza Self-Help Group (SHG) to bring adequate water near to families living in the Mwingi region. Kwa Mbunza SHG is thrilled to have installed their first sand dam and hand-dug well last year in Ikuusya Village.

This type of intervention helps people to improve their lives. Unpredictable rainfall patterns have made it impossible to guarantee water for communities all year round, as most rivers in Southeastern Kenya are seasonal. Sand dams harvest rainwater where it falls, making it available at the hand-dug well for the community to use until their next rain season.

Since each region is so expansive, we implement multiple systems over the course of five years to provide enough nearby water for everyone. More than 50% of the 2,008 people living in this part of Mwingi still have to walk up to six kilometers to find water.

These hardworking farmers that form the Kwa Mbunza SHG want to bring water closer to hundreds of their neighbors living in Kathamba Ngii Village.

Welcome to the Community

Kathamba Ngii Community does not yet have a source of clean water. There are three ways to get water: put out buckets when it rains (it rarely does), purchase expensive bottled water, or dig deep holes in dry, sandy riverbeds until water starts pooling. For a community that lives to get through each day, buying water isn’t really an option.

So, the main water source in this area is a “scoop hole.” Digging until water is found is the most consistent and affordable way to get what’s needed for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and watering crops and animals. These scoop holes do not provide water that is safe for human consumption since it is exposed to many contaminants. But even these scoop holes dry up when it doesn’t rain for a couple of months, making the situation dire. Women walk several more kilometers to find enough water for their families to drink.

“Lack of enough clean water supply has affected us so much as women of this area. We are traditionally required to get enough water for the family, so we have endured traveling long distances on the road and spending nights in rivers looking for water,” said Mrs. Ndunge Munywoki.

“We are committed to working on sand dams and shallow wells as they are immediate water solution projects in our community.”

In fact, the group is so excited about this opportunity that they have already started delivering stones to the potential construction site.

What we can do:

Training

Kwa Mbunza Self-Help Group attended training sessions in Ikuusya last year. These taught about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in their homes. Taking good care of themselves and their environment will make for a healthy community. There has been progress, but another training will be held to ensure continued improvement. This upcoming training will give people living in Kathamba Ngii Village a chance to learn, too.

“We are not better off in terms of our hygiene and sanitation. However, we are working hard to keep on improving our standards so as to lead to more decent lifestyles and prevent disease attacks. By working on water projects and bring water close to everyone, we believe that we will improve our living standards in terms of hygiene and sanitation,” said Mrs. Mwikali Maluki.

Current Sanitation Facility Coverage:

Latrines 99%
Handwashing Stations 50%
Clotheslines 100%
Dish Racks 50%
Bathing Area 70%
Animal Enclosure 90%
Proper Garbage Disposal 70%

And though most families have a good pit latrine, they need to clean them more often. Latrines were found to be below average, while some owners admitted to not ever cleaning them. Upcoming training sessions will strengthen weaknesses and continue encouraging each family that making the extra effort to clean homes, bathe, wash hands, and treat water is well worth it!

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well will be built adjacent to Kwa Mbunza SHG’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kathamba Ngii Village and will bring clean water closer to families in Mwingi that have to walk long distances for water.

Project Updates


06/18/2019: Kathamba Ngii Community Well Complete

Kathamba Ngii Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam (go here to check it out). The dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Recent rains have helped the dam begin to build up sand and store water.

It could take up to three years of rain (because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a supply of water will be available for drinking from the well. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

We look forward to reaching out again with more pictures when this hand-dug well has water.


Construction for this well was a success!

We worked with the Kwa Mbunza Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor to complete the projects. In addition, they were trained on various skills such as bookkeeping, financial management, project management, and group dynamics/governance.

“This water project will go a long way towards improving water access in our village and in this locality at large,” said Mwikali Maluki.

“It was not an easy task. With determination and commitment, we have made it since we all know the importance and relevance of this water point to the community.”

When an issue arises in relation to the water project, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their field officer to assist them.

Hand-Dug Well Construction Process

We delivered the experts, materials, and tools, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done too. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand, stones and water.

A hole seven feet in diameter is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells don’t reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.).

The diameter shrinks to five feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. Sand builds up around the well walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater that’s stored behind the dam.

Once the construction of the lining reaches ground level, a precast concrete slab is laid on top and joined to the wall using mortar. Four bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry over the course of two weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves.

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry. The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam because as the dam matures, sand builds up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will climb the concrete steps to get their water.

Renewed Knowledge

The field officer in charge of Waita region, Austin Mumo, mobilized the group members for the hygiene and sanitation training. This is the second project with the self-help group so the focus of the training was to both refresh lessons learned and focus on areas that are in need of improvement. Austin met with the group and agreed on a suitable date. All community members were invited for the training.

The attendance on the days of the training was as expected. Even a village elder and a community health worker attended. All members present showed attention to the details of the training. They also participated actively by asking questions and providing their personal experiences.

A gap was identified during a follow-up visit where it was observed that only five members out of the 15 members were treating their drinking water. Due to this gap, the members were taken through various methods of water treatment and water hygiene.

After the training, the members were very happy to learn how to treat their drinking water and promised to embrace the practice.

“We have also learned about how we get sick by drinking contaminated water and from today we will treat our drinking water,” said Kasyoka Muthui, a member of the group.

One member was randomly picked to demonstrate on how to wash hands. He then demonstrated on the procedure and got some corrections from the rest of the members. Seeing the members correct each other was very interesting. The members were also taken through the critical moments to wash hands.

“The training has reminded us on many things which we had forgotten. We will have good health and our families will be free from sicknesses,” Mwikali Kimwele said.

“The soapmaking training will help us to improve our hygiene and sanitation. We will no longer buy poor quality soap from the market since we will be making our own quality soap.”

The training was successful and there were no challenges. The members of this group are committed to improving their hygiene and sanitation. This training will help them to achieve changes in hygiene and sanitation.

Thank You for making all of this possible.


The Water Project : kenya19211-complete-well-2


04/10/2019: Kathamba Ngii Community Hand-Dug Well Underway

People living in Kathamba Ngii currently have to walk quite a ways to find water, and that water isn’t even clean. Thanks to your generosity, we are working to excavate a hand-dug well next to a sand dam that will bring water closer to home for hundreds of people.

Get to know this community by reading the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read more about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project and how it works. We look forward to reaching out again when we have more news!


The Water Project : 8-kenya19211-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Barbara Belle Ash Dougan Family Foundation