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The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Complete Dam
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Complete Dam
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Complete Dam
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Complete Dam
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Complete Dam
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Complete Dam
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Sand Dam Dedication
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Already Delivering Stones To The Potential Site
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Already Delivering Stones To The Potential Site
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Mwikali At Her Dish Rack
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Maluki Household
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Maluki Household
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  A Man Plowing The Field Nearby
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Maluki Household
The Water Project: Kathamba Ngii Community -  Mwikali Maluki

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jun 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



We partner with Kwa Mbunza Self-Help Group (SHG) to bring adequate water near to families living in the Mwingi region. Kwa Mbunza SHG is thrilled to have installed their first sand dam and hand-dug well last year in Ikuusya Village.

This type of intervention helps people to improve their lives. Unpredictable rainfall patterns have made it impossible to guarantee water for communities all year round, as most rivers in Southeastern Kenya are seasonal. Sand dams harvest rainwater where it falls, making it available to the community until their next rain season.

Since each region is so expansive, we implement multiple systems over the course of five years to provide enough nearby water for everyone. More than 50% of the 2,008 people living in this part of Mwingi still have to walk up to six kilometers to find water.

These hardworking farmers that form the Kwa Mbunza SHG want to bring water closer to hundreds of their neighbors living in Kathamba Ngii Village.

Welcome to the Community

Kathamba Ngii Community does not yet have a source of clean water. There are three ways to get water: put out buckets when it rains (it rarely does), purchase expensive bottled water, or dig deep holes in dry, sandy riverbeds until water starts pooling. For a community that lives to get through each day, buying water isn’t really an option.

So, the main water source in this area is a “scoop hole.” Digging until water is found is the most consistent and affordable way to get what’s needed for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and watering crops and animals. These scoop holes do not provide water that is safe for human consumption since it is exposed to many contaminants. But even these scoop holes dry up when it doesn’t rain for a couple of months, making the situation dire.

Women walk several more kilometers to find enough water for their families to drink.

“Lack of enough clean water supply has affected us so much as women of this area. We are traditionally required to get enough water for the family, so we have endured traveling long distances on the road and spending nights in rivers looking for water,” said Mrs. Ndunge Munywoki.

“We are committed to working on sand dams and shallow wells as they are immediate water solution projects in our community.”

In fact, the group is so excited about this opportunity that they have already started delivering stones to the potential construction site.

What we can do:

Training

Kwa Mbunza Self-Help Group attended training sessions in Ikuusya last year. These taught about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in their homes. Taking good care of themselves and their environment will make for a healthy community. There has been progress, but another training will be held to ensure continued improvement. This upcoming training will give people living in Kathamba Ngii Village a chance to learn, too.

“We are not better off in terms of our hygiene and sanitation. However, we are working hard to keep on improving our standards so as to lead to more decent lifestyles and prevent disease attacks. By working on water projects and bring water close to everyone, we believe that we will improve our living standards in terms of hygiene and sanitation,” said Mrs. Mwikali Maluki.

Current Sanitation Facility Coverage:

Latrines 99%
Handwashing Stations 50%
Clotheslines 100%
Dish Racks 50%
Bathing Area 70%
Animal Enclosure 90%
Proper Garbage Disposal 70%

And though most families have a good pit latrine, they need to clean them more often. Latrines were found to be below average, while some owners admitted to not ever cleaning them. Upcoming training sessions will strengthen weaknesses and continue encouraging each family that making the extra effort to clean homes, bathe, wash hands, and treat water is well worth it!

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot further down the river will bring water closer to hundreds of more people. After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 33.9 meters long and 3.4 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds of people in Kathamba Ngii Village of Mwingi, Kenya.

Project Updates


06/18/2019: Kathamba Ngii Community Sand Dam Complete

Kathamba Ngii Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Recent rains have helped the dam begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

It could take up to three years of rain (because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. Sand dam construction was undertaken simultaneously with the construction of a hand-dug well that will give community members a safe method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a supply of water will be available for drinking from the adjacent hand-dug well. To see that hand-dug well, click here.


Construction for this dam was a success!

We worked with the Kwa Mbunza Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor to complete the projects. In addition, they were trained on various skills such as bookkeeping, financial management, project management, and group dynamics/governance.

“This water project will go a long way towards improving water access in our village and in this locality at large,” said Mwikali Maluki.

“It was not an easy task. With determination and commitment, we have made it since we all know the importance and relevance of this water point to the community.”

When an issue arises in relation to the water project, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their field officer to assist them.

Sand Dam Construction Process

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for successful completion of the dam. They also provided unskilled labor to support our artisans. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a large sand dam, materials collection could take up to four months.

While we delivered more expensive materials like cement, lumber, and work tools, community members gathered sand, stones, and water.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established a firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and twisted bar are used to reinforce the mixture. Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold the sludge and rocks up above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

After 34 days of construction, the final dam is 33.9 meters long, 3.4 meters high and took 380 bags of cement to build.

Renewed Knowledge

The field officer in charge of Waita region, Austin Mumo, mobilized the group members for the hygiene and sanitation training. This is the second project with the self-help group so the focus of the training was to both refresh lessons learned and focus on areas that are in need of improvement. Austin met with the group and agreed on a suitable date. All community members were invited for the training.

The attendance on the days of the training was as expected. Even a village elder and a community health worker attended. All members present showed attention to the details of the training. They also participated actively by asking questions and providing their personal experiences.

A gap was identified during a follow-up visit where it was observed that only five members out of the 15 members were treating their drinking water. Due to this gap, the members were taken through various methods of water treatment and water hygiene.

After the training, the members were very happy to learn how to treat their drinking water and promised to embrace the practice.

“We have also learned about how we get sick by drinking contaminated water and from today we will treat our drinking water,” said Kasyoka Muthui, a member of the group.

One member was randomly picked to demonstrate on how to wash hands. He then demonstrated on the procedure and got some corrections from the rest of the members. Seeing the members correct each other was very interesting. The members were also taken through the critical moments to wash hands.

“The training has reminded us on many things which we had forgotten. We will have good health and our families will be free from sicknesses,” Mwikali Kimwele said.

“The soapmaking training will help us to improve our hygiene and sanitation. We will no longer buy poor quality soap from the market since we will be making our own quality soap.”

The training was successful and there were no challenges. The members of this group are committed to improving their hygiene and sanitation. This training will help them to achieve changes in hygiene and sanitation.

Thank You for making all of this possible.


The Water Project : kenya19186-complete-dam-1


04/10/2019: Kathamba Ngii Community Sand Dam Project Underway

People living in Kathamba Ngii currently have to walk a very long way to find water, and that water isn’t even clean. Thanks to your generosity, we are working to build a sand dam that will bring water closer to home for hundreds of people.

Get to know this community by reading the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read more about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project and how it works. We look forward to reaching out again when we have more news!


The Water Project : 11-kenya19186-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Barbara Belle Ash Dougan Family Foundation