Location: Kenya

Regional Program:
Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 256 Served

Project Phase:

Functionality Status:

Take a Tour

Explore The Project

Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

Founded in 2011, Ndatani Secondary School is host to 130 boys and 110 girls, 80 of whom board at the school. There are five teachers who are assisted by three subordinate staff.

The school enjoys a close relationship with the Kwa Mutunga Self-Help Group, which is undertaking other projects in the area (a sand dam and hand-dug well). The members of the self-help group are all from Yikivumbu Village. Yikivumbu is a low income area, most of them have no other choice but to send their children to the closet school, which is Ndatani. The students who finish the primary section move up to Ndatani’s secondary section. Since the students are going to be spending most of their childhood days at the same facility, the parents have committed themselves to constructing a rainwater catchment tank.

Water Situation

There is a borehole within the school compound. Unfortunately, the water is extremely saline and has been declared unfit for human consumption by researchers from the Ministry of Public Health. At one point, the school had a filter donated to them, but this has since broken down and mechanics have been unable to repair it.

The borehole’s water is solar-pumped into a 10,000-liter storage tank that has a secondary 5,000-liter tank that was meant for the filtered water. No filter means both of these tanks are now filled with salty water. In fact, the water is so saline that the cooks can’t even use it for meals. The beans and meats do not cook properly, and students get upset stomachs after eating, let alone after drinking. Those two borehole tanks are the only ones the school has for water, and they can really only be used for cleaning and personal hygiene.

In search of drinking water, they have turned to the Kikuu River, which is located three kilometers away. There are local folks paid too fetch water from this source for the school, ferrying the water by donkeys back and forth throughout the day. Whenever the delivery is late, other school activities are late. To avoid being late, the water vendors admit to sometimes fetching water from unprotected sources like scoop holes along the riverbed. This is also a very costly last resort, since these water vendors charge 15 shillings for every 20-liter jerrycan, and the school buys 40 jerrycans every day. This translates to 600 shillings per day and a total of 18,000 shillings a month and 74,000 shillings per school term. These fees are a huge issue for a new school that is still growing, so their finances are strained.

Students who do not board at the school are required to bring five liters of water with them every morning. Since students come from all different directions, it’s impossible to know if the water they bring is safe for drinking.

The school needs 1,000 liters of water a day to run smoothly. This is used for cooking, drinking and cleaning. It is also used for science lab experiments and for irrigating the agricultural project plots for the form four agriculture students.

The water shortage at Ndatani Secondary School has hindered proper hygiene, especially for the 80 boarding students. There have also been cases of waterborne disease.

Sanitation Situation

There are 12 pit latrines, but they are not cleaned on a regular basis. There weren’t any hand-washing stations either, which are especially critical to have for the boarding students. The school has dug a garbage pit where they pile trash until it needs to be burned.

Apart from mentioning hygiene during science lessons, there’s really no strategy to make this a priority on school campus. Teacher Peninah Makau told us, “As a young institution, we want to make the environment conducive for learning. Without a sustainable supply of water in the school, all of our plans are futile.”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

The facilitator will hold training for one day at the school compound. This will involve students and some of their teachers. CHAST (Children’s Hygiene and Sanitation Training) will be used to teach personal hygiene and how to handle the new rainwater catchment tank. There will be a huge emphasis on how and when to wash hands. Children who attend the training will form a school health club full of students who want to teach their peers about living a healthy life. This club will hold regular meetings and plan for activities and campaigns.

Plans: Hand-Washing Stations

Three hand-washing stations will be delivered before training, so that they can be used for demonstration and practice. Each is a 2500-liter plastic tank fitted with a tap. The school management and the school health club will ensure that there is always water in the tank and that the taps are working.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

The tank will have a capacity of 105,000 liters. Parents of these students, many who are in the Kwa Mutunga Self-Help Group, will gather construction materials for our artisans.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

12/20/2016: Ndatani Secondary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students and staff of Ndatani Secondary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water: A new rainwater catchment system has been built. Hand-washing stations have been installed, and students and staff have received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these people! You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this rainwater catchment tank and many other projects.

We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out! The report below shares the latest details of the project. We anticipate a second update by the end of January that includes pictures of a painted tank and students as they take advantage of clean water on school grounds!

Project Result: New Knowledge and Hand-Washing Stations

Hygiene and sanitation training was held on school grounds, outside where there was enough room for hundred of students. This was scheduled during end of year exams, giving students a great venue to relax and destress after studying and testing. School administration helped us organize for this, insisting that sessions include all students.

This drew a total of 224 students, forcing our facilitator to be creative with activities and lectures to make sure everyone was engaged. There were a lot of group discussions and group demonstrations. The students particularly loved demonstrations for brushing teeth, washing hands, and using latrines. There was a lot of clapping and giggling!

We taught lessons on preparing and storing food, contamination routes, using and cleaning latrines, fetching, treating and storing water, and hand-washing.

2 kenya4503 training

The hand-washing stations were delivered before training so that they could be used in the hand-washing demonstrations. Students had plenty of opportunities to practice with the trainers. Also, the students in the health club were taught how to take care of the stations, making sure that they are filled with water and that a cleaning agent like soap or ash is available.

We used this opportunity to strengthen the student health club on campus. These students will promote healthy practices and teach their peers about what they learned. The club will hold activities to help popularize using latrines and washing hands. 16-year-old student Antony Nyamai said that “the training was funny and good. I have learnt how to use soap to was hands. I will ask my parents to buy more soaps for hand-washing at home.”

1 kenya4503 training

Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 105,000-liter rainwater catchment tank began in late September, causing us to rush a bit to beat the rainy season.

Our first step was to get the parents on board, because we couldn’t do this without their helping hands. They agreed to gather important construction materials, feed the work team, and accommodate them when necessary.

8 kenya4503 construction

Actual construction took 24 days with the final touches done on October 24th. The big delay has been cosmetic; we want to paint the tank but it has been much too rainy. However, a coat of paint hasn’t detracted from the great gift of clean, accessible water that the students have received. These rains are a blessing, and we’re grateful the tank was completed in time to take advantage of them.

10 kenya4503 finished tank

We anticipate the painting job will be completed in January, when new pictures of students will be taken. This is exam month, and nobody is allowed on school grounds while students are taking tests. We will be allowed back on campus when classes start again on January 4th. Boarding students will no longer be sent in search of water, nor will day students have to carry a jerrycan full of water to class each morning.

School Headteacher Peninah Makau shared that “the construction of the water tank is a great milestone towards the realization of quality education and improved performance for this school. The lack of sustainable water in the school was affecting attendance to school by the students.”

The Water Project : 11-kenya4503-finished-tank

10/14/2016: Ndatani Secondary School Project Underway

We are excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, Ndatani Secondary School in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water. A rainwater catchment tank is being constructed, hand-washing stations provided, and the school is being trained on proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! Thank you for noticing the need here, and we’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Check out the tabs above to learn more, and Thank You for your generosity that is unlocking potential for students in Kenya!

The Water Project : 2-kenya4503-school-motto

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Makueni, Yikivumbu
ProjectID: 4503
Install Date:  12/20/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 09/06/2017

Visit History:
03/20/2017 — Functional
06/04/2017 — Functional
09/06/2017 — Functional


Project Sponsor - The Lifeplus Foundation

Want to start your own campaign? Learn more »

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Africa Sand Dam Foundation (ASDF) supports self-help groups to harvest and conserve water through construction of sand dams & shallow wells, rock catchments and school roof catchments.