Iguyio Primary School Rainwater Catchment Project

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Latitude 0.16
Longitude 34.78

322 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

A normal day in Iguyio Village begins with women waking early to go to the river to fetch water. Once they return home with full containers, they help prepare their children for school. While children are at the nearby Iguyio Primary School, fathers leave to work on their farms and mothers stay at home doing domestic chores. Mothers are the family members who take sole responsibility for the cleanliness of the home. After all the household work is finished, women join their husbands working on the farm.

Water Situation

The school does not have its own water source. Students must find water elsewhere, and normally resort to a river approximately one kilometer away. A lot of time is wasted when a classroom runs out of water and students have to travel to the river.

Students bring jerrycans and jars to fetch water. The jar is used to scoop water and fill the larger container. Students occasionally swish sand and water to clean the inside of jerrycans. These jerrycans don’t have covers, so the water inside is at risk of further contamination on the way home. The river water itself is already highly contaminated from surface runoff, nearby farming and latrines, erosion, animals, littering, and open defication. Despite the students and community members often boiling this dirty water before drinking, cases of typhoid and diarrheal sickness are still often reported. Once in a while, drinking this water can result in fatal complications. To avoid such an ill fate, fathers and mothers spend a huge amount of resources to get medical care for themselves and their families.

Sanitation Situation

There are two double-door pit latrines, but they are all in poor condition. There are no hand-washing stations at the school, not even near the latrines. There is one dish rack for students to dry their water containers and other utensils, but that is not nearly enough. Garbage is disposed of in what was observed to be a very full compost pit.

After the assessment of the school during our first visit, it became obvious that there is a huge deficit of information concerning hygiene and sanitation both among Iguyio Primary School students and the greater community. When talking with Headmistress Adelide Mwinamo, she shared that, “the community surround the school is bad, and community members don’t embrace proper hygiene and sanitation standards. The ability of community members (including students) fetching water from the passing river has highly exposed them to waterborne diseases like typhoid and diarrhea.”

Thus, the headmistress wrote a letter on behalf of Iguyio Primary School expressing their need for assistance. Headmistress Mwinamo discovered WEWASAFO and their water and sanitation work through a successfully completed project at a neighboring school. She knows that after a water project, her students’ health will improve. Not only that, but their academic performance will improve as well!

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

The headmistress, her staff, students and teachers have all agreed to do what is necessary to make this water project a success. They will be required to attend two days of hygiene and sanitation training whereat they will learn how to maintain water and sanitation facilities and keep their drinking water clean and safe. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Training), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development, CTC (child to child), discussions, lectures, handouts, and demonstrations to teach many topics concerning water, health, hygiene, and sanitation. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will be constructed on school grounds. Teachers, students, and parents will gather the local materials needed for this project, including sand, ballast, bricks, and hardcore. This contribution will fuel a sense of responsibility for the school and community to take care of their new facilities. Once materials are mobilized, the WEWASAFO team will arrive to lead the construction effort.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed, providing three new latrines for each gender. Latrine materials will be mobilized the same way as the tank, ensuring the school feels these facilities are truly theirs.

Plans: Hand-Washing Stations

Two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school before training. These come in the form of two 60-liter containers fitted with a tap. The training facilitator will demonstrate how to properly wash hands, and then students will have a chance to practice in groups. The CTC club will be responsible for filling the hand-washing containers on a daily basis.

The school has great faith that with new facilities coupled with training, hygiene and sanitation standards will improve. Thus, they anticipate a positive change in students’ academic performance.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

12/20/2017: A Year Later: Iguyio Primary School

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment system and latrines for Iguyio Primary School in Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Joan Were, with you.

The Water Project : 4-4604-yar

07/21/2016: Iguyio Primary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students and staff of Iguyio Primary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water. A new rainwater catchment system and new latrines have been built. Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and the students and community have received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these students! You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing. Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this well and many other projects.

Keep reading to find out more about the complete project, and make sure to open the “See Photos & Video” tab to enjoy new pictures!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held within the school compound. School administration was notified of the dates ahead of time and was responsible for mobilizing participants. Total attendance was 14 people, including the deputy head teacher, student leadership from grades five, six, and seven, and representatives of the school management committee. All present actively participated in each activity, and asked questions for further clarification. Topics covered included but were not limited to:

  • Steps of hand-washing
  • Children’s rights
  • Primary healthcare
  • Child health club and promoting good health
  • Operation and maintenance of the rainwater catchment tank, VIP latrines, and hand-washing stations

6 kenya4604 training

Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

Two hand-washing stations were delivered to the school and filled with water. After training, we observed students washing their hands at the stations after using the latrine — One of the immediate results of hygiene and sanitation training! Headmistress Adelide Ingaji said, “We are grateful to WEWASAFO for the health and hygiene training. Our pupils are now observing proper hygiene practices. With the health club in place, our children will be enlightened on proper hygiene practices and also disseminate the same information to their community.”

Project Result: VIP Latrines

Construction of two triple-door VIP latrines is complete and they are now in use. Three doors are for the boys, and three doors are for the girls. The child health club will delegate cleaning to ensure that latrines are safe for use.

23 kenya4604 finished project

Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction of Iguyio Primary School’s rainwater catchment system began on May 31st.

The process began with site clearance, setting and casting the foundational slab, construction of the wall, roofing, and installation of fittings such as delivery pipes, vent pipes, and screens. Finally, good drainage was ensured. The tank has a capacity of 30,000 liters.

The community provided many materials that were used to build the structure, such as bricks, sand, hardcore, ballast, sugar sacks, and poles. The school also made sure that the construction team was taken care of well, providing both meals and accommodation.

School management will make sure that the tank is locked overnight and during the holidays in order to conserve water. They will also have to clean gutters regularly to make sure the tank keeps catching water effectively. The tank will begin benefiting students as soon as the rain comes!

Paul Wendo, a father of one of the students, said “As a parent, I am very happy that our children now have access to safe water and sanitation. They initially wasted a lot of time going to fetch water from the passing river one kilometer away from school. This has been unsafe for them and also many waste time instead of being in class to study. Thank you!”

The Water Project : 25-kenya4604-finished-project

05/25/2016: Iguyio Primary School Project Underway

We are excited to announce that, thanks to your generosity, work has begun on a project to build a rainwater catchment tank for Iguyio Primary School in Kenya. In addition to the tank, 6 new latrines will be constructed, and the school community will receive training in sanitation and hygiene. We just posted an initial report including information about the school, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : 8-kenya4604-students

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Kakamega, Iguyio Village
ProjectID: 4604
Install Date:  07/11/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 01/13/2018

Visit History:
10/30/2016 — Functional
03/30/2017 — Functional
06/20/2017 — Functional
01/13/2018 — Functional

A Year Later: Iguyio Primary School

December, 2017

Now we have access to clean water for drinking and we no longer waste studying time going to the river.

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment system and latrines for Iguyio Primary School in Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Joan Were, with you.

School administration has stepped up to ensure that this rainwater catchment tank continues to serve students with clean water. 14-year-old student Abigail Khayosa told us, “The tank has really helped us as students. Before it, we used to fetch water from a river which is an hour away from the school… just to clean our latrines and classrooms! Now we have access to clean water for drinking and we no longer waste studying time going to the river.” However, she added that “during the evening when we clean our classrooms, we must line up at the tank for a long time as we wait for community members to fetch water.”

Abigail standing beside her senior teacher after fetching water from the tank.

We asked the senior teacher, Erick Akumonyo, about this. He admitted that “the water tank not only serves the school, but also the neighboring community. The villagers feel entitled to the water because they helped construct the tank. During the dry season, we lock the tap to sustain or students for a longer period of time, but the community members come and break the tap.”

Thankfully, Mr. Akumonyo said there’s enough clean water to meet the needs of his school. “We as Iguyio Primary School are very happy with this water project. Our students no longer have to go to the river to fetch water for cleaning the classrooms and latrines. Cleaning is now swift and enjoyable for the students and we have access to clean water for drinking and cooking,” he said.

Joan Were and the rest of WeWaSaFo staff will continue to visit Iguyio Primary School to best support them as they resolve disputes with neighboring community members.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.