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Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional



Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

Shieywe Secondary School was started in the year 1981 by Kakamega Mayor Mr. Robert Makotisi. He started the school with the intention of enabling pupils, especially boys, to get an education. Shieywe Secondary is located 3km away from Kakamega-Kisumu Highway in Shitao Village, Mahiakalo sub-location, Bukhungu location, Kakamega Central District of Lurambi Constituency within Kakamega County.

The school has a total population of 501 students of whom 362 are boys and 139 are girls. In regard of teaching staff, the school employs 26 teachers; 10 are male and 16 are female. There are also 11 support staff, which include two cooks, three watchmen, one groundsman, one cleaner, one bursar, a secretary, a storekeeper and a matron. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This school would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)

The pupils that attend Shieywe Secondary School wake up at 5am to take a bath, brush their teeth, and eat breakfast. Once prepared, they rush to school at 6:30am to arrive at school by 7am.

Their day at school starts with morning studies. Then at 8am, students and staff assemble for prayers and announcements from the head teacher. Classes proceed until 10:30am for when students have a short, 15-minute break. Classes go till 12:45pm, when students eat lunch.

Classes resume at 2pm and continue till 4pm when pupils break to clean up their classrooms and then play games. This continues till 5:00pm when they assemble for parade and then depart for home.

Water Situation

The school has unreliable tap water.

During lunch break, pupils can be seen lining up to wash their plates and get something to drink. In cases when there is no water, they have to keep dirty plates and wait until the school can purchase bottled water.

Water vendors come and go during classes in order to supply the school with sufficient water. The school has two 5,000-liter plastic rainwater catchment tanks, but even if they were full, they wouldn’t provide the student population with enough water.

The school needs to buy water three times a week. They buy 200 20-liter jerrycans at 15 shillings each. This puts weekly spending at an average of 9,000 shillings, 36,000 in a month, and 108,000 in a term.

Numerous cases of water-related diseases have been reported, which are attributed to poor handling and storage of drinking water. The most common issues include dysentery, typhoid, stomachaches and cholera.

Sanitation Situation

The school sanitation situation also needs to be addressed as soon as possible. The school has a total number of 20 latrines, out of which six pits are almost full, leaving only 14 usable doors. Nine of these doors are for the boys and eight are for the girls, two doors for teachers and one door for support staff. Many students report urinary tract infections due to poor hygienic conditions.

The school has constructed two temporary hand-washing facilities that are used by staff. There are no hand-washing opportunities for students.

Garbage is deposited in a compost pit within the compound as seen in the pictures, though the pit is full and has started spilling over.

The school also has no drainage system, so the environment is often impassable after heavy rains.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training and Hand-Washing Stations

Training will be held for three days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school. This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as the hand-washing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will be constructed on school grounds. Teachers, students, and parents will gather the local materials needed for this project, including sand, ballast, bricks, and hardcore. This contribution will fuel a sense of responsibility for the school and community to take care of their new facilities. Once materials are mobilized, the WEWASAFO team will arrive to lead the construction effort.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed, providing three new latrines for each gender. Latrine materials will be mobilized the same way as the tank, ensuring the school feels these facilities are truly theirs.

Shieywe Secondary School believes that increased access to safe water will not only improve their sanitation and hygiene standards, but will also encourage improvement in overall academic performance.

The school will also save immense amounts of money that were previously wasted on buying water.


Recent Project Updates


12/14/2016: Shieywe Secondary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students and staff of Shieywe Secondary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water: A new rainwater catchment system has been built, and there are now eight new latrines being used by boys and girls. Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and the entire student body has received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these students!

You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this rainwater catchment tank and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training sessions were held in the school laboratory. This classroom was one of the closest to the new rainwater catchment tank and hand-washing stations, providing opportunities for onsite lessons about facility management and maintenance.

During some of our first visits to the school, we informed the head teacher of the need for training. We worked with him to select the best dates first students, teachers, and parents to attend. The deputy principal, PTA members, and boys and girls from grades one and two attended. Students from grades three and four were not selected since they were participating in national examinations and would graduate soon after.

Training was held on August 5th and 6th. A total number of 37 people attended. Attendance increased on the second day, with more students developing interest. By the end of the second day, students were even hovering around the windows to catch a glimpse of what was going on.

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Students here often suffer from urinary tract infections, especially the girls. Not only will new sanitation facilities help alleviate this issue, but new knowledge will empower students to take care of themselves. We focused on how to prevent infections, worms, and diarrhea by adopting good hygiene practices.

Some other topics we covered included but were not limited to:

– Water pollution and water treatment

– Personal and environmental hygiene

– Group dynamics, leadership, and governance

– Forming an effective CTC (child to child) club

– Hand-washing

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The child to child club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for taking care of the new hand-washing stations, making sure they are always filled with water and that a cleaning agent like soap or ash is available. Lusengeli Secondary School also has one of these clubs, which now has dozens of student members. 43 of these students visited Shieywe to share what they learned. As a result of this exchange program, there has been a steady increase in the number of club members at Shieywe Secondary.

A water user committee has also been formed by parents and school administration, which will be responsible for overseeing and maintaining the new facilities.

It is said that people remember 20% of what they hear, 40% of what they both hear and see, and 80% of what they discover by themselves. Our training activities enabled students to discuss problems and solutions, make their own presentations, and participate in role-plays.

After training, we were able to observe students washing their hands on school grounds before class. They were too focused on hitting each of the ten steps to proper hand-washing that they didn’t even hear the class bell as it rang! Many of these same students admitted that before, they rarely washed their hands after using the latrine. Cynthia was one of the students who attended training and is now part of the health club on campus. She said, ” I am happy that WEWASAFO considered our school for safe, clean water and sanitation facilities. I was ignorant of how germs are spread by merely not washing hands after toilet use, but am now enlightened and will teach other pupils that washing hands saves us from getting diarrhea! Thanks!”

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Project Result: VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines. The school was so excited about these that they raised enough money to add an extra door for each gender. Now, there’s a total of eight new latrines on campus. These latrines are easy to use and easy to clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time! These new latrines will replace the old ones that could no longer be used.

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Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

The two hand-washing stations were delivered to school and handed over to the CTC club. They will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at these stations, and will make sure there is always soap or ash available.

Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction on this 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank began on July 4th.

First, the location was chosen with the collaboration of school leadership. We had to find a place that provided enough roof for a gutter system. We then cleared the ground, set and cast the foundational slab, built the five-inch-thick wall, built roofing, and installed the fittings such as delivery pipes, vent pipes, and screens. Finally, good drainage was ensured. Before the tank could begin collecting rainwater, we had it cure for three weeks. Once dry, we could remove supportive beams and then install the gutter system.

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Students, parents, and neighbors helped throughout the process. They provided accommodations for the tank artisans, and volunteered to help the artisans. They also collected all of the local materials like sand and ballast and delivered them to the site.

The only challenge to implementation was a schedule conflict with examinations. Since we didn’t want to create too much commotion, we delayed work while students were taking these exams. Thankfully, exams lasted for only three days.

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The school has put some simple measures in place to help maintain their new facilities. This includes regular checking and cleaning of the gutter system every one month. Since the school will share their water with their neighbors, they will encourage “pay as you use” to raise money for any future repairs. Latrines will be cleaned and hand-washing stations will be filled on a daily basis.

Mr. Shivachi is one of the teachers responsible for overseeing the health club. He couldn’t hide his excitement as construction wrapped up. He said, “As a school, we spent a lot of money to access safe water. It’s unbelievable that’s now a thing of the past. Thanks to The Water Project, this project will save us money that we can use for other development projects in the school.”


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07/26/2016: Shieywe Secondary School Project Underway

We are excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, Shieywe Secondary School in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water. A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines will be constructed, hand-washing stations will be provided, and the school will be trained in proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! We just posted an initial report including information about the school, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!


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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos


Monitoring Data


Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Kakamega, Shitao
ProjectID: 4614
Install Date:  11/28/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Functional
Last Visit: 07/24/2017

Visit History:
11/01/2016 — Functional
02/28/2017 — Functional
05/08/2017 — Functional
07/24/2017 — Functional





A Year Later: Shieywe Secondary School

December, 2017

Life has changed greatly in that the school is so neat, water is available at specific and convenient points which makes it easy to access by students, non-teaching staff, and even visitors who visit the school.

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment tank and latrines for the Shieywe Secondary School in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and the contributions of our monthly donors, partners are able to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Jemmimah Khasoha, with you.

The ongoing survival of many schools in Kenya is threatened if they are not able to provide water and sanitary facilities for the schools, yet it is difficult for parents to pay these expenses in addition to usual school fees.  The Water Project and WEWASAFO have targeted schools just like this because of the potential that can be unlocked for both students and staff when clean water and sanitation is available.


As an employee of WEWASAFO, Jemmimah was excited to see the maintenance of the facilities that were constructed for the school. She reports, “The toilets are cleaned on a daily basis and have been well painted to increase beauty. This is after the training on management and maintenance of the training which was done during the CTC (Child to Child training). The school also has a compost pit which is well fenced and litter is well disposed. The general compound is clean for it is fenced well with live fence which is pruned in a way that it does not make the school busy but greener. The hand washing stations are strategically fixed to enable easy usage and thus convenient with good drainage. All these changes have been brought by The Water Project for the provision of the facilities and the CTC training facilitated by the training officer.” All of these elements are integral to the success of the project and the improved well-being of teachers and students in the school. Harrison Harambee, a patron of the CTC club, confirms that the biggest changes that he has witnessed are the clean environment throughout the school and the improved health of the students.

One of the students, Flavian Mukoshi, age 17, shares a very specific impact that the project has had on his life: “My life has changed because I previously visited the hospital more frequently because of allergy caused by dust. It also made me have flu for we did not clean our classrooms on a daily basis. Since the inception of these project, I am a proud student for I am able to learn in a clean classroom where we mop every week because there’s plenty of water in the school.”

Mr. Harrison Harambee and his student Flavian Mukoshi.

Access to water and sanitation facilities produces ripples throughout the lives of the students and their families. Students are able to devote more time to studies since they are not required to spend hours fetching water and resources paying medical expenses. We are excited to stay in touch with this community and to report the impact in the lives of the students Shieywe Secondary School and the surrounding community as they continue on their journey with clean water.


The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.


Country Details

Kenya

Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.