Mwangaza Secondary School

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Latitude 0.28
Longitude 34.64

242 Served

Project Status:

Take a Tour

Explore The Project

Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

Mwangaza Secondary School is a public school with both day and boarding students. It is located along the highway in Shibuli Village, Shibuli sub-location, Central Butsotso location, Lurambi Sub-County of Kakamega County. Because of the school’s accessible location, staff commutes from home on a daily basis. The school was founded in the year 1991 as “Ebuchinga Secondary School” under the sponsorship of the Church of God Faithful. In 2010, the school underwent a name change from Ebuchinga to Mwangaza. The school has a total population of 220 students; 150 girls and 70 boys. Mwangaza Secondary School employs 15 teachers, comprised of seven males and eight females. They are also currently hosting six interns who are getting teaching practice. In addition, the school has seven support staff: two security guards, an accountant, a secretary, a groundsman and two cooks.

The community around the school relies on sugarcane farming to make a living. A normal day for students starts early. Students arrive at school in order to start fetching water from the neighboring Ebuchinga Primary School’s borehole. This water is used for the school’s daily needs as well as for cleaning classrooms and latrines. After enough water is gathered, classes start and then stretch to the end of day, only to be interrupted by tea and lunch breaks.

Water Situation

Mwangaza Secondary School has no water source in the school; they lack any connection to piped water, nor do they have a water storage facility that can adequately serve the school’s needs. As a result of this dire shortage, the pupils must assist the two cooks in fetching water from a community well located down the street in Ebuchinga Primary School.

The water from Ebuchinga Primary isn’t very clean, and has resulted in many cases of typhoid; not only among students but also among teachers: the most recent case being Mr. Shitote, a new teacher in the school diagnosed with typhoid. Teachers thus opt to individually buy or carry their own drinking water from home, and the students have no option but to consume the water from the neighboring well. At times, the primary school’s well pump is locked, putting the students in a dilemma not knowing where to find water for school chores. When the primary school’s well pump is broken, it is the Mwangaza Secondary’s sole responsibility to repair it, since they ‘borrow’ the pump. Enrollment at Mwangaza Secondary School is low, since students prefer schools with better water and sanitation facilities.

When water is delivered back to the school, it is consolidated into 100-liter drums located in the kitchen. Students and staff have not yet been educated on water treatment methods, so they drink the water without boiling, chlorinating, or filtering. Cases of typhoid, cholera, diarrhea, and stomachaches are commonly reported.

Sanitation Situation

The school has a total of six functional latrines and one urinal; two latrines and the urinal serve the boys, while two are for the girls. The remaining two latrines are for the teachers. Comparing the situation on the ground versus the WHO standard of 25 girls per door and 30 boys per door, the school is in dire need. This especially affects the 150 girls, who waste a long time waiting in lines for the two latrines. Water inaccessibility at the school has also led to dangerous conditions inside the latrines, with a bad odor from irregular cleaning.

There’s only one hand-washing facility with a damaged tap, which is solely for the teachers’ use. The students have nowhere to wash their own hands after visiting the latrine, and are thus exposed to infections and diseases. At lunch and tea break, the students all share the water in an open container to wash their utensils.

A newly employed teacher was extremely surprised with the bad conditions. They immediately took to representing the school and its need to the county executives, who later presented the need to us. After an initial visit, we were easily able to agree that the secondary school is in need of a water, sanitation, and hygiene project.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Parents, teachers, and students will be trained for two days of sessions on hygiene and sanitation.

This training is meant to equip participants with the skills needed to practice good hygiene, and to promote these practices among peers and the greater community. The end goal is to eliminate water and hygiene-related diseases!

The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Training), CTC (child to child), discussions, lectures, and demonstrations to teach topics including but not limited to disease transmission, hand-washing, and water treatment. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will be constructed on school grounds. Teachers, students, and parents will gather the local materials needed for this project, including sand, ballast, bricks, and hardcore. This contribution will fuel a sense of responsibility for the school and community to take care of their new facilities. Once materials are mobilized, the WEWASAFO team will arrive to lead the construction effort.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed, providing three new latrines for each gender. Latrine materials will be mobilized the same way as the tank, ensuring the school feels these facilities are truly theirs.

Plans: Hand-Washing Stations

Two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school before training. These come in the form of two 60-liter containers fitted with a tap. The training facilitator will demonstrate how to properly wash hands, and then students will have a chance to practice in groups. The CTC club will be responsible for filling the hand-washing containers on a daily basis.

The actions described above will give students an environment that is conducive to learning. This is an opportunity they deserve!

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

12/20/2017: A Year Later: Mwangaza Secondary School

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment system and latrines for Mwangaza Secondary School in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Christine Luvandwa, with you.

The Water Project : 4617_yar_3

12/01/2016: Mwangaza Secondary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students and staff of Mwangaza Secondary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water: A new rainwater catchment system has been built, and there are now six new latrines being used (we are working on getting pictures of the finished latrines, and will update you when we have them). Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and the entire student body has received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these students!

You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this rainwater catchment tank and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held outside on school grounds. When we first visited the school to let them know they were approved for a project, we started planning with the principal. He picked the best two days for training, starting at 9AM before other classes in the afternoon. The principal also informed students and teachers involved in the CTC (child to child) health club that they would need to attend. We ended up reaching a total of 16 people, including students, teachers, and parents.

1 kenya4617 training

The students were eager to learn about hygiene and sanitation issues that they face at school on a daily basis. They wanted to thoroughly understand topics so that they could teach them to their peers, friends, and family.

Students and teachers had been attributing their greatest challenges to dirty water. These include repeated cases of typhoid and diarrhea, which are actually stemming from the lack of hand-washing in the student body. Our training focused on sharing the importance of establishing a hand-washing habit at critical moments in the school day and at home. Even though the school already had their rainwater catchment tank installed at the time of training, we made it clear that health issues will not be solved until new behaviors are adopted.

4 kenya4617 training

We also focused on management and maintenance of the new tank and latrine facilities. Regular checking and cleaning of the gutter system is a must! We also covered topics including but not limited to:

– Water pollution and water treatment

– Personal and environmental hygiene

– Group dynamics, leadership, and governance

– Forming an effective CTC (child to child) club

– Hand-washing

We used a number of different ways to teach the above topics. Demonstrations were used for hand-washing. We facilitated group discussions and presentations. The girls and boys also received handouts which will help them teach hygiene and sanitation to their peers.

The child to child club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for taking care of the new hand-washing stations, making sure they are always filled with water and that a cleaning agent like soap or ash is available. A water user committee has also been formed by parents and school administration, which will be responsible for overseeing and maintaining the new facilities.

Students and staff were so excited about what they learned, that they asked for another day of sessions! When the tank was entirely finished, artisans and trainers took participants through how the tank works and how they should take care of it.

Mr. Clinton Indakwa is one of the teachers responsible for his school’s CTC club. He couldn’t help but share his excitement about the hand-washing topic. “We are very grateful for the entire training, but mostly the hand-washing practical as many of us in this institution have a challenge in the area, either as we are in a hurry, or there is a lack of water as well as hand-washing stations. As we have gathered the values tied to hand-washing, we are going to make it a life purpose to institutionalize the practice in the entire school, since everyone’s life is important,” he said.

5 kenya4617 training

Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

The two hand-washing stations were delivered to school and handed over to the CTC club. They will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at these stations, and will make sure there is always soap or ash available. Now the school has the stations they need, and they have the water to fill them!

Project Result: VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines. These latrines are easy to use and easy to clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time! These new latrines will supplement the few the school already had.

These particular latrines are unique. We support building a quality latrine floor and superstructure, but any add-ons are up to the institution. This school desired to install their own septic system under our latrines, so we gave them extra time to prepare. They opted for all latrines to be suspended over a very large pit lined with concrete. Raising these resources took a lot of time, so our part of the job wasn’t finished until the end of September. It was finally a success, and the latrines are now in use!

17 kenya4617 construction

Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction on this 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank began on August 7th.

First, the location was chosen with the collaboration of school leadership. We had to find a place that provided enough roof for a gutter system. We then cleared the ground, set and cast the foundational slab, built the five-inch-thick wall, built roofing, and installed the fittings such as delivery pipes, vent pipes, and screens. Finally, good drainage was ensured. Before the tank could begin collecting rainwater, we had it cure for three weeks. Once dry, we could remove supportive beams and then install the gutter system.

13 kenya4617 construction

Students, parents, and neighbors helped throughout the process. They provided accommodations for the tank artisans, and volunteered to help the artisans. They also collected all of the local materials like sand and ballast and delivered them to the site.

The Parent Teacher Association’s (PTA) chairwoman, Mrs. Regina Minaywa, was extremely appreciative when she saw all the new facilities in her school. She said, “Water is life, and finding someone supporting you to get access to clean and safe water, and also adds latrines and hand-washing stations, is a blessing!” After the tank fully cured, we declared it fit for use by holding a handing over ceremony. This was done with the head teacher, board of management, PTA members, and students.

The Water Project : 25-kenya4617-finished-tank

10/13/2016: Mwangaza Rainwater Catchment Tank Project Underway

We are excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, Mwangaza Secondary School in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water. A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines are being constructed, hand-washing stations provided, and the school is being trained on proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! Thank you for noticing the need here, and we’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Check out the tabs above to learn more, and Thank You for your generosity that is unlocking potential for students in Kenya!

The Water Project : 1-kenya4617-class

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Kakamega, Shibuli
ProjectID: 4617
Install Date:  12/01/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 04/04/2018

Visit History:
11/01/2016 — Functional
02/10/2017 — Functional
03/30/2017 — Functional
05/05/2017 — Functional
07/05/2017 — Functional
01/11/2018 — Functional
04/04/2018 — Functional

A Year Later: Mwangaza Secondary School

November, 2017

The water is very clean, safe for consumption by all people without worry of contracting any water related diseases. The environment is very clean, the students and the school has really worked to see to it that the place is kept very clean, thus providing an ample learning environment.

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment system and latrines for Mwangaza Secondary School in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Christine Luvandwa, with you.

Mwangaza Secondary School is very clean, on entering the school compound we were amazed at the level of cleanliness and orderliness. Everything seemed to be in its rightful place and the students were very neat. Given that water is the main requirement to ensuring a high standard of hygiene is maintained, this water project has greatly contributed to this achievement as the harvested rain water is being used for drinking, cooking and cleaning. The sanitation platforms are also very useful as they have eased the strain that was previously being experienced by the school population reducing the amount of time wasted lining up during brake times to access the facilities.

CTC (child-to-child) Patron Charles Indakwa Chiteri shared, “the school has experienced less problems with water shortage, which has been a great challenge in the previous years, and now we are glad to report that there is plenty of water for cooking, drinking and also cleaning. With the excitement with which the students have embraced the project, plenty of reports about any problem that the students encounter with the facilities is immediately reported to the school administration without delay, and this has enabled us to maintain the facilities properly.”

“I am now more confident to look and talk about health and hygiene, since I understood the basics and importance of health at all levels,” shared 20-year-old Christabel Ayuma Shituya. “The things I practice at school are the same things I practice at home. As the president of the Child to Child club in school, I now have the confidence to address people and we have managed to recruit more members. I stay clean because I know I have to lead by example. This has greatly improved my relationship with other students.”

The water is very clean, safe for consumption by all people without worry of contracting any water related diseases. The environment, as mentioned earlier, is very clean, the students and the school has really worked to see to it that the place is kept very clean, thus providing an ample learning environment. All this has given the school a face lift and an image admirable by other schools and especially primary school pupils who are yearning to join high school.

Refresher training needs to be done for the school, just as a reminder for the students on the importance of sanitation. Continuous support by our team representatives for some of the club meetings in the school can greatly help mentor more students to take up leadership in different areas in the school as well.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.