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The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Hand Washing Stations
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Hand Washing Stations
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Hand Washing Stations
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Hand Washing Station
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Burnt Garbage
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Stalled Government Project
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Urinal
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Inside Latrine
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  School Compound
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Headteacher Emma Nandwa
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  School Gisn
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Students Often Use This Fish Pond To Fill Their Containers
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Carrying Water Back To School
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Filled Containers
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Filling Container
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Waiting To Fill Their Containers
The Water Project: Emukhalari Primary School -  Students Walking To The Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Jan 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 08/18/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

Emukhalari Primary School was started in 1980 as an early childhood educational center until 1983 when it grew into a primary school. At this point, it had a student enrollment of 80, with Mr. Francis Salasya as their first headteacher. It registered to participate in its first KCPE (national exam) in 1990. The school is now sponsored by a Roman Catholic Church.

Now, the school has a total of 550 students with the enrollment of new students still ongoing. It employs 20 teachers total. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)

Students report to school by 6am to clean the compound until 7am. When finished with their class chores, students are required to sit in study hall until 8:20am. Pupils from class six to eight are required to stay during the lunch hour to eat their meal at school. They eat a maize and bean mixture that is provided by teachers. At 3:20pm the children go to Litubwi Spring to fetch water and bring it to school for the next day. Children are dismissed at 6pm.

In this area, most people plant sugarcane or maize to sell to local factories or in the market.

Water Situation

The pupils of Emukhalari Primary fetch water from Litubwi Spring which is about 400 meters away from the school. The school has no tank or other kind of water storage facility. More often than not, the school requests that students fetch water before they’re allowed to sit in class. When the children are sent to fetch water from the spring, they come back to school with dirty water.

“Mostly when the children go to fetch water at the spring, they come back muddy. Some water have carried dead fish that they catch in a stream near the spring and even lizard,” said Deputy Headteacher Emma Nanda. Just a little bit of sleuthing uncovers that students will fill their containers just about anywhere they can get enough water, regardless of its quality. The spring becomes so congested with community members and students that students walk to a nearby fish pond (owned by a community member) to fill their containers.

After drinking this water, students suffer from cholera and typhoid.

Sanitation Situation

There aren’t many usable latrines on school grounds: Some of the boys’ latrines have begun to sink dangerously, made obvious by the tilting walls. The urinal is in very bad condition. The girls’ latrines are too close to the boys’ area, putting the students’ privacy at risk.

There is just one hand-washing station for these hundreds of students. Garbage is thrown behind the classrooms and burned when piled too high.

Headmistress Emma Nandwa told us that they’ve even come close to shutting down because of these poor conditions. “We are really in need of the sanitation facilities in this school. At one point, the school was about to be closed by the national government due to poor sanitation and hygiene status in the school. The county government came to the rescue but it didn’t finish up the project and left it hanging. Right now the toilets which were being dug by the county government support have sunk because of heavy rains and worsened the situation in the school,” she shared.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training and Hand-Washing Stations

Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school. This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as hand-washing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls while the other three serve the boys. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement (students have already started helping). Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff. Students will no longer be responsible to find enough water to carry to school every day.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better academic performance!

Project Updates


01/29/2018: Emukhalari Primary School Project Complete

Emukhalari Primary School in Kenya now has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your generous donation. A new rainwater catchment system has been built, and there are now six new latrines being used. Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and students have received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these young students!

You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this rainwater catchment tank and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures.

Project Result: New Knowledge

We worked with school administration to schedule hygiene and sanitation training. Since it was a busy time for them, they suggested sessions be held during vacation. That would give them their choice of empty classrooms, and they could just invite students and teachers back to attend. There was a total of 17 people who sacrificed their break time to learn about important practices, which they promised to share with their peers and coworkers.

We taught that hygiene entails personal hygiene, water hygiene, and environmental hygiene. Attention needs to be given to each facet of hygiene to enjoy a healthy life.

An entire lesson was on management and maintenance of the new tank and latrine facilities. Regular checking and cleaning of the gutter system is a must! It’s also important to treat the water while it is still in the tank. We also covered topics including but not limited to:

– Water pollution and water treatment

– Cleaning self and clean environment

– Group dynamics, leadership, and governance

– Forming an effective CTC (child to child) club

– Hand-washing

– Children’s rights (particularly important for this group, since many students attending this school come from difficult households)

Demonstrations were used for hand-washing, tooth-brushing, solar disinfection, and many other topics. We facilitated group discussions and presentations, and students took part in role-plays. The students also received handouts which will help them teach hygiene and sanitation to their peers.

The CTC club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for managing hand-washing stations, cleaning latrines, and keeping the school environment tidy. A water user committee has also been formed by parents and school administration, which will be responsible for overseeing and maintaining the new facilities. And since the tank was finished by the time we held training, we could take everyone to see exactly what we were talking about when it comes to caring for their new water source.

Headteacher Justus Lumbasi said, “Through this training, I have learned a lot such as how to maintain a tank. By this training, we shall make sure the other pupils are informed of how to maintain the facilities. Thank you!”

Project Result: VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines. All of these latrines are easy to use and clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time!

Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

The two hand-washing stations were delivered to school and handed over to the CTC club. These have been placed outside of boys’ and girls’ latrines to encourage hand-washing after latrine use. CTC club members will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at these stations, and will make sure there is always soap or ash available. Now the school has the stations they need, and they have the water to fill them.

Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, women cooked meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Some local men and women even helped our artisans with their manual labor.

The process officially began with our staff and school administration moving around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rainwater catchment tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Rainwater tank construction began with clearance of the site: excavating the soil within the required measurements to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying hardcore on a level ground and then reinforcing it using steel, concrete and waterproof cement.

As the foundation was being lain, both the drawing pipe as well as the washout pipe were affixed. The wall was built with ferro-cement techniques through six layers. The inner wall was plastered while rough casting was done on the outer part. The catchment area was dug, plastered, and a staircase installed.

After the superstructure had been given enough time to settle, the dome construction followed. The manhole cover was fitted, inlet pipes were connected to the roof gutters, inlet screens, ventilation pipes (breathers) and overflow pipes were all done to standards.

Drainage was set up, and then the tank was given three to four weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to Emukhalari Primary School. It already has some water in it!

Administration, teachers, and students gathered at the tank to use the tap for the first time. There were smiles all around as they witnessed clean water flowing at their school for the first time.

“We used to waste a lot of time sending pupils to Lutubwi Spring to fetch water, but now we have the rainwater harvesting tank the students will have enough time to read and concentrate in their studies,” the headteacher said.


The Water Project : 26-kenya4681-clean-water


10/12/2017: Emukhalari Primary School Project Underway

Emukhalari Primary School in Kenya has begun building a new source of safe, clean water because of your generous donation. A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines are being constructed, hand-washing stations provided, and the school is being trained on proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! Thank you for noticing the need here, and we’ll keep you posted as the work continues.


The Water Project : 4-kenya4681-filled-containers


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.



Contributors