Project Status

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Program: Kenyan Rainwater Harvesting

Impact: 239 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2015

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/24/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is being implemented as part of our shared program with African Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Background Information

Kikumini primary school is located in Kithunthi Village, Kilala Sub-Location, Ngomano Location, Kibauni Division, Mwala District of Machakos County. The school was established in 1984 and has a student population of 228. 123 of these are boys, and 105 are girls. There are 10 teachers eight males and 2 females. There is also one staff member.

Since there is no water source within the school compound, pupils are responsible for carrying water from home to school every day. Each student's burden is one jerry can filled with five liters of water. This water is used for drinking and cooking during the academic day.

The alternative water source is the Endau Earth dam which is 10-20 minutes away from the school. If students run out of water from home, they will have to go fetch water from the dam in the afternoon.


There is an acute shortage of safe, clean water in the community. Negative results include student absences due to waterborne illnesses, poor academic performance and low levels of concentration due to thirst, and poor hygiene.

There is no hand-washing facility in the school compound. There are only three latrine units shared by both the boys and girls, with two separate units for staff. According to the World Health Organization's recommendations, the school facility is more than one latrine short for each gender.

These students and teachers will greatly benefit from a rainwater harvesting tank. If there is a water source within the compound, students will save precious study time. This water will provide more opportunities for improvement; hygienic, academic, and economic opportunities that unlock these students' and teachers' potential.

Project Result: Rainwater Harvesting Tank

Parents helped mobilize local materials such as hardcore and ballast. Donors and the organization are responsible for 80% of each project, but the community itself is encouraged to take ownership of the remaining 20%. This greatly contributes to locals' sense of responsibility towards project management and maintenance. The community really came through for their 20%, donating ksh 90,000 for the purchase of clean sand and its transportation. Other parents also spent time and energy helping the team construct the tank, which was completed on August 18, 2015.

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Project Photos

Project Type

For a rainwater collection system, we build gutters around a building with good, clean roofing to channel rain where we want it. From there, the water falls through a filtered inlet pipe into a high-capacity storage tank, the size of which is based on population and average rainfall patterns. In the tank, water can be stored for months, where it is easily treated and accessed. Learn more here!