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The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Celebrating Completed Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Cement Bags
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Cement Mixing
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Complete Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Complete Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam And Well
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Site
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Plaque
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Trenching
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  View Of Dam From Well
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Water Behind Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Charles Kimatu
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Soap Mixing
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Tippy Tap Demonstration
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Training Discussion
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Training Poster
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Water Storage Container At Household
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Standing At Kitchen
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Materials Gathered For Project
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Homestead
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Elizabeth Molo
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Dishes
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Cows
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Community Members Prepare For Peoject
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Collecting Water From Well
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Chickens In Homestead
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Carrying Rocks For Project
The Water Project: Kala Community B -  Bathroom

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 280 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Nov 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



This is our second year working with the 280 people who live in Kala Community. The sand dam we constructed last year helped solve the water needs for some people here, but another one is needed to reach more people. Some members of the community are found far from the current water source. This has forced them to travel for long distances in search of the valuable commodity, and sometimes results in the acquisition of water that is not safe for human consumption.

“The community is still suffering from the universal water access to all challenge even after implementing our first project. Some members are found far from the water point which has exposed them to longer walking distances in search of the important commodity,” explained Ms. Felister Kyalo.

“We are ready to work on more projects evenly distributed within the village so as people can have easy access to water.”

Our main entry point into Kala Community has been the Kwa Kituuti Ntheketha self-help group, which is comprised of 40 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. This is our second year working with this group on a water project. We work with self-help groups for an average of 5 years to sustainably improve access to reliable water. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

The community is found in a peaceful rural area with average vegetation coverage made up of both indigenous and exotic trees species thanks to the initiative of the locals. The area is quite hilly with steep slopes. The majority of the locals have built decent houses made of bricks and covered with iron sheets.

Within Kala Village, the average family is made up of a man, wife, and five children. Many families within this community live in shared compounds hosting all the extended family members and the elderly members of the society.

From the community members interviewed, casual labor was reported as the highest source of income for more than half of the respondents. Some 20 percent said they make a living operating a small business. Other sources of income include formal and informal employment while others indulge in small-scale farming for home use and sale of surplus. The county government is encouraging people here to grow fruit crops such as mangos and oranges. As a result, more and more people are planting new trees.

What we can do:

Training

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with Kwa Kituuti Ntheketha Self-Help Group, which are also open to non-members. These will teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in the community at the personal and household levels. Taking good care of self and environment will make for a healthy community.

Community members are recording significant strides towards improving their hygiene and sanitation, a majority of them have kitchens, latrines and other have hand washing facilities. Improvements are needed in ensuring the hand washing facilities have soap and water and regular cleaning of the latrines.

Most households have poor compound hygiene and their general hygiene and sanitation standards are still too low. This also exposes them to risks of contracting diseases such as cholera, typhoid, diarrhea and stomachaches. Most of the latrines visited were mud floor pit latrines, they were cleaned using ash which was noted to have been happening often. None of the latrines visited had water placed near them for use after visiting the facility.

In relation to this, they need improvement on compound hygiene, effective water treatment methods, handwashing training, soap making lessons and knowledge of disease transmission routes.

Sand Dam

After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 46.2 meters long and 4.6 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds of people in Kala Village.

Project Updates


11/20/2019: Kala Community Sand Dam Complete!

Kala, Kenya now has access to a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new sand dam was constructed on a sandy riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water.

“The water project will be instrumental in providing a nearby water source to the community members. We have been walking for long distances to access water but this site will enable us to attain water close to our homesteads,” said Charles Kimatu.

“We are very excited about this project in our community.”

We worked with the Kwa Kituuti Ntheketha Earth Dam Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor to complete the project. In addition, they were trained on various skills such as bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted a hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soapmaking and to help improve behaviors such as handwashing.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them.

Sand Dam

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for the successful completion of the dam. They also provided labor to support our artisans. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a large sand dam, materials collection could take up to 4 months.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and rebar are used to reinforce the mixture.

Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold up the sludge and rocks above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width, and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are then dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

This dam measures 46.2 meters long and 4.6 meters high. It took 544 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was simultaneous to the construction of a hand-dug well, which gives locals a safer method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more water, more of it will be accessible as drinking water from the well. To see that hand-dug well, click here.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile. However, it could take up to 3 years of rain for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity.

New Knowledge

The Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Officer notified the field officer on the training that was scheduled for the group and he mobilized the participants for the attendance, as he communicated to them in advance concerning the planned training. The members have constructed 2 sand dams and 2 shallow wells over the past 2 years. Each time, a hygiene and sanitation training was conducted to help improve their hygiene and sanitation habits, encouraging community members to take care of their water sources and to have sanitation facilities at their homes and the water points.

Evaluations were carried out based on the action plan that was developed which the members promised to implement. The trainer conferred with the field staff about their previous visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community still could improve upon.

They decided to train on topics including personal hygiene; latrine hygiene, water treatment; handwashing; tippy tap construction; and soapmaking.

The venue for this training was in an old building at Charles Kimatu’s homestead. Charles is the chairperson of the group. His homestead is near their first dam where they could easily access water to use during the training. The venue was also a central place for all of the participants. The weather was cold during the training but the environment was conducive for training.

The participants were taken through a demonstration on how to make soap for cleaning their latrine pits. The main purpose of the project is to help the members improve their sanitation and also generate income from the sale of these products.

During the demonstration, 2 donkeys who were used to transport water to the venue started fighting and making a lot of noise, thus interrupting the training session. The training, therefore, had to stop for some time to separate the fighting donkeys. This made the topic memorable to all of us who were present.

Attendees also learned about constructing tippy tap handwashing stations. During the recent follow up which was conducted to several homesteads belonging to members of this group, it was noted that some members had forgotten how to construct a tippy tap. The members were therefore refreshed on how to construct one.

The members were very excited to learn how to construct a tippy tap and they all promised to construct one in their homesteads the same evening.

Charles Kimatu

“Our knowledge of hygiene and sanitation has been increased and we are happy and very ready to change our hygienic behaviors. We will not give up as a group but instead, we will be more focused and more united to improve our lifestyles and hygiene and sanitation,” said farmer Charles Kimatu.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya19202-thumbs-up


10/04/2019: Kala Community Sand Dam Underway

Some people in Kala Community still travel a long distance to access the water they need to meet their daily needs. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to construct a sand dam that will bring water closer to their homes.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya19202-homestead


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Barbara Belle Ash Dougan Family Foundation