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The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Kids Celebrate The Spring
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Bringing Clean Water Home
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Easy Fetching Water Now
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Happy Day
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Smiles At The Spring
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Enjoying Spring Water
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Feeling Good
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Time To Refresh
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Cooling Off
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Enjoying A Fresh Drink
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Shy Smiles
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Thumbs Up For Flowing Water
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Completed Spring
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Clean Water Flows
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  New Sanitation Slab Owner
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Training Complete
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Site Management Training
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Handwashing Volunteer
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Handwashing Volunteer
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Georgina Leads Handwashing
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Georgina Leads Handwashing
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Demonstrating Toothbrushing
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Trainer Georgina Teaches Toothbrushing
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Trainer Rose On Cleaning Water Jugs
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Training Participants Listen
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Slab Construction
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Sanitation Slab Construction
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Fencing
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Grass Planting
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Backfilling With Soil
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Securing The Tarp
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Backfilling
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Plastering Spring Floor
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Tile Setting
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Plastering
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Stone Pitching
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Stair Construction
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Pipe Setting
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Bricklaying With Community Help
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Foundation Setting
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Site Excavation
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Digging Drainage Channel
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Andrew Shidero
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Beatrice Khanyati
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Bricks For Sale
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Making Charcoal
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Charcoal Making Process
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Containers For Collecting And Storing Water
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Dishes Drying
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Beatrice Fills Up
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Collection Area
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Sarah Lumumba Fills Up
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Filling Up
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Path Home Through Sugarcane Carrying Water
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Carrying Water Home Through A Farm
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Beatrice Harvesting Maize
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Landscape
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Looking Out
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Protected Garden Of Greens
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  House
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Clothesline And Charcoal Pit Smoking
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Peter Arumba
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Adults Andrew And Peter
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Beatrice Andrew Peter And Family
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Papaya Tree
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Cow Grazing
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Sarah Lumumba
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Current Water Source Stone Stove
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Rock Breaking Laborers
The Water Project: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring -  Bathroom

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 168 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/19/2020

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Bukhaywa is a more developed area since they have both a primary and secondary school close by. They also have a shopping center where small scale traders sell and buy goods. At the time of our visit, the environment was very green with vegetation due to the current rainy season. The buildings here are predominantly semi-permanent with mud walls and grass-thatched roofs, with few permanent ones.

Community members here are small scale farmers. They grow maize, sugarcane, and vegetables. These crops are mostly used to feed their families, though the sugarcane is sold to local companies that turn the sugar into molasses.

A typical day in Bukhaywa starts at 6:30 am. The mother wakes up to prepare the children for school. She then goes to fetch water at Shidero Spring for cleaning and for cooking breakfast. The father wakes up later, eats breakfast, and leaves for the day’s activities which could be farming or trading. The mother then locks the house and leaves for the farm and does what is needed for the season which is either planting or harvesting.

The younger children leave school at noon to come home for lunch which is prepared by the mother. The kids eat and play. The mother continues with the house activities like washing clothes and sweeping the compound. The day ends at 4:00 pm as everyone returns home to mingle and bond through stories, though the women continue on with cooking dinner for all to eat.

The water from Shidero Spring is clear and odorless, but insects and sand particles are noticeable in the water. These pose a danger of contracting waterborne diseases. The spring is in the middle of Andrew Shidero’s farm, and it has always had plenty of water. Even during the driest years, Shidero Spring has never gone dry which makes it a good candidate for protection.

To fetch water, community members must step in the water to get close enough to the discharge. They place their containers directly under the drawing point as it fills with the help of a rusty, broken pipe that helps direct the discharge. Livestock feed very close to the spring which means their feces are washed down into the spring when it rains. Illnesses such as flu and fevers are the main problems associated with drinking contaminated water from Shidero Spring.

“We spend money treating the constant flu that comes due to drinking contaminated water. We also use firewood when boiling the water which would have been instead used to cook meals for the family,” explained Enock Sande, a farmer who along with his family are only a few of the 168 people in Bukhaywa who depend on Shidero Spring for their daily water needs.

Peter Arumba, also a farmer in Bukhaywa, echoed Enock’s thoughts.

“We drink the water but sometimes you find insects and small particles of sand in the water. We get cases of flu every now and then due to drinking contaminated water,” he said.

The community’s hygiene and sanitation situation is somewhat fair. They have dishracks, and at least every household has a pit latrine but they currently do not practice handwashing or keep soap or water nearby the latrines.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least 2 days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST), Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

Training will result in the formation of a committee that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select 5 families that should benefit from new concrete latrine floors. Training will inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, including bricks, clean sand, and gravel. The 5 families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates


05/29/2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Bukhaywa, Kenya.

We trained more than 14 people on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Before there were any reported cases in the area, we worked with trusted community leaders and the Water User Committee to gather community members for the training.

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

– Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

– Proper handwashing technique

– The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

– Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

– Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

– What social distancing is and how to practice it

– How to cough into an elbow

– Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

– How to make and properly wear a facemask.

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.


The Water Project : covid19-kenya19145-handwashing-station


03/10/2020: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring Project Complete!

Bukhaywa Community now has access to clean water! Shidero Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, constructed 5 sanitation platforms for different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

“It is so beautiful, I never expected it to look like that! We are very grateful to God for remembering us,” said Walter Indeche, a young farmer in the community upon seeing the completed spring for the first time.

A woman with her baby feel the spring water for the first time after completion

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The Process

Women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Artisan sets the discharge pipe into the headwall while another works on the stairs

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Working on stone pitching for the rub walls

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. Then soil was layered on top of the tarp so that community members could transplant grass to prevent erosion. Finally, the collection area was fenced in. It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

Kids celebrate the new spring

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

A girl enjoying the spring water

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Owner of a new sanitation platform

New Knowledge

Community member, local pastor, and spring landowner Mr. Andrew Shidero helped organize the training in coordination with our team. Together we found the community’s preferred date for training while considering other events in the community calendar such as the agricultural season and expected gatherings.

On the day of the training, the sky was sunny and the grass was wet since it had rained the previous night. We met under a tree next to the spring. 28 people attended. The group was active but some of the younger ones started to lose interest when they got tired, so we practiced a few physical moves to make sure everyone’s minds and bodies were active.

Trainer Rose on safe water handling and cleaning water jugs

We covered several topics including community participation; leadership and governance; personal and environmental hygiene; water handling and treatment; operation and maintenance of the spring and sanitation platforms; dental hygiene; the 10 steps of handwashing, and how to make and use a tippy tap and leaky tin. During the leadership and governance session, we held an election for the leaders of the newly formed water user committee. The election was impressive and surprising when we saw one of the youngest chairs ever elected to the position – a young man who had just completed his high school. He proved to fit the shoe and vowed take up the task with commitment.

A woman demonstrates toothbrushing next to Trainer Georgina

We also brainstormed income-generating activities that can be used to start both a community savings account for any future minor repairs to the spring, as well as a cooperative lending group to enable members to develop their own small businesses.

A man demonstrates the 10 steps of handwashing next to Trainer Georgina

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the water user committee is equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them. In addition, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

A boy enjoying a fresh drink from the spring

“Hygiene and sanitation will definitely improve now that water is readily available. You will see a big change when you come to visit us next time!” said an excited Walter Indeche, a young man and carpenter in the community.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 41-kenya19145-easy-fetching-water-now


02/03/2020: Bukhaywa Community, Shidero Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Shidero Spring is making people in Bukhaywa sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : 11-kenya19145-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!