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The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Sir Laurence Nashirobe
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Fetching Water At Laurence Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Laurence And His Wife Outside Their Home
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Laurence Washing His Hands
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Laurence With His Mask On
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Mask Up
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Mrs Nashirobe Fetching Water From Laurence Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Physical Distancing At The Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Rinsing Her Container Before Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Wave To Greet People Avoiding Contact At All Times
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Community Members Listen To The Facilitator
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Conducting The Social Distancing Test
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Facilitator Demonstrating Handwashing Procedure
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Facilitator Handing Out Covid Informational Pamphlets
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Group Photo With Informational Pamphlets
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Homemade Mask Tutorial
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Ms Karen Leading Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Social Distancing Observed At Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  The Facilitator Holding Up The Reminder Chart
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  The Facilitator Sewing A Mask
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  The Handwashing Exercise
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  This Is How You Should Handle A Sneeze Or A Cough
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Trainer Karen Handwashing
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Trainer Mary Addresses The Group
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Water User Committee Chair Addresses The Group
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Brian Murunga And His Sister Fetch Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Brian Murunga His Mother And His Sister At The Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Brian Murunga His Mother Phanice Nashilove And His Sister At The Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Children Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Laurence Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Phanice Nashilove
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Reliable Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platforms
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platforms
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Finished Sanitation Platforms
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Construction
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Training
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Community Market
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Dangerous Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Stagnant Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Lady Does Laundry By Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Containers Used For Water
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Sitting By The Spring
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Mr Laurence And Grandchildren
The Water Project: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring -  Laurence Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 210 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 09/08/2020

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

Most of the people here are unemployed and have to work extra hard to get by each day. Days begin very early in the morning: Women struggle to clean the home and then prepare breakfast for the family and prepare children to go to school. Men milk dairy animals and leave immediately for the market to sell a few bottles of milk in order to buy sugar and tea leaves. After that, men look for grass to feed their cows. Finding grass is especially hard now because of the recent dry spell.

Meanwhile, women take several trips to fetch water, as men and youth till the land to make sure there is enough food on the table. Women prepare lunch early and then join their husbands on the farm until noon. After lunch, women head off to the market to sell any extra crops or craft goods. At home, they assign chores to the children. After school, every child has a role to play in helping their families get by.

Water Situation

Women and children carry their five to 20-liter jerrycans to Laurence Spring for water. It is used for drinking, cooking, and cleaning. Because of the high rate of open defecation (going to the bathroom and not disposing of the waste), there is an issue with human waste being washed into the spring, particularly during the rainy seasons.

Locals fixed a pipe where they saw the water flowing from, which makes it easier to fetch water. They’re able to hold their containers upright until they’re full. Then, containers are often lifted up and supported with the head all the way back home. When home, water is poured into container by intended use. Older ladies prefer their drinking water to be stored in clay pots which they believe keep the water cooler. Younger ladies prefer large plastic containers.

Typhoid is a regular struggle for those drinking water from Laurence Spring. Those in neighboring Emarembwa Community recently had their Nyangweso Spring protected, and were very happy with the results. Shitoto Community came up in our conversation as an area of need, and people recommended us to pay Laurence Spring a visit.

Sanitation Situation

Less than half of households have pit latrines. Most of those are not in good condition; the floors are made of mud and wooden slats that rot away and endanger users. It’s not uncommon to hear stories of people who fall through the floor to injury or death. Because of these dangerous conditions, many who have latrines prefer not to use them – instead looking for privacy in the bushes. This waste is spread by animals, flies, and rainwater, further increasing infection and illness in Shitoto Community.

A handful of homes have hand-washing stations for hand-washing, but the community majority needs to adopt this important habit.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Protecting this spring will result in increased water quality and water flow. Those living in Shitoto will thus be able to live happier, healthier lives as they efficiently fill their containers with clean water from Laurence Spring.

Project Updates


10/02/2020: Through Their Eyes: COVID-19 Chronicles with Laurence Nashirobe

This post is part of a new series by The Water Project meant to highlight the perspectives and experiences of the people we serve and how the COVID-19 pandemic is impacting them. We invite you to read more of their stories here.

Our team recently visited Shitoto to conduct a COVID-19 prevention training (read more about it below!) and monitor their water point, Laurence Spring. Shortly after, we returned to check in on the community, offer a COVID-19 refresher training, and ask how the pandemic is affecting their lives.

It was during this most recent visit that Laurence Nashirobe shared his story of how the coronavirus is impacting his life and his community. At 73-years-old, “Kuka Nashirobe”, or Grandfather Nashirobe, is the spring’s landowner. He serves as the treasurer for the spring’s water user committee, farms for a living, and lives at home with his wife.

Laurence Nashirobe

Field Officer Betty Muhongo met Laurence outside his home to conduct the interview. Both Betty and Laurence observed physical distancing and other precautions throughout the visit to ensure their health and safety. The following is Laurence’s story, in her own words.

What is one thing that has changed in your community since the completion of the water project?

“Drawing water. The idea of going to the spring and not getting worried whether you will find a bowl or a jug for scooping up the water, which was a challenge at the beginning, [is a change].”

Mask wearing and physical distancing are the new norms at the spring

How has having a clean water point helped you through the pandemic so far?

“It has reduced the work. We don’t have to worry about getting treatment for the water itself. You just fetch water and use it as it is.”

Since the outbreak of COVID-19 in Kenya, has fetching water changed for you because of restrictions, new rules, or your concerns about the virus?

“Yes. Since the outbreak, we have had reduced trips or time and minimized interactions [at the spring], which were at [a] peak [there].”

Mrs. Nashirobe fetching water from Laurence Spring

How has COVID-19 impacted your family?

“Children having not to go to school has really affected us. Our kids will have to repeat their classes and as parents, we will definitely pay the school fees for the first term which we had already paid in full. Staying at home has also increased the daily expenses.”

What other challenges are you experiencing due to the COVID-19 pandemic?

“Corona has really made relationships weaker. We used to visit each other regularly, but now we can’t.”

The Nashirobe’s outside their home

What hygiene and sanitation steps have you and your community taken to stop the spread of the virus?

“Most community members have improvised handwashing stations at home since they have enough water.”

Laurence washes his hands with soap and clean water from the spring using a leaky tine handwashing station he set up outside his home.

Like most governments around the world, the Kenyan government continues to set and adjust restrictions both nationally and regionally to help control the spread of the virus.

What restriction were you most excited to see lifted already?

“Lockdown. I was so worried as a parent because all my children were in urban centers and they couldn’t travel home because of COVID-19.”

What restriction are you still looking forward to being lifted?

“Church opening. It’s my humble prayer that churches will be opened to everyone so that we can go and worship. People of old age are not allowed to church because of their immune systems, which are [weaker].”

“Mask up!”

When asked where he receives information about COVID-19, Laurence listed the radio, television, and our team’s sensitization training.

What has been the most valuable part of the COVID-19 sensitization training you received from our team?

“Making of masks. I really appreciate the team that came to our village mainly to teach us how to prevent COVID-19. I was so keen on how I should make my own mask because buying them is so expensive and the disease has interfered with income.”


The Water Project : covid19-kenya4746-sir-laurence-nashirobe


07/28/2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

Facilitators pass out informational pamphlets on COVID-19

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Shitoto, Kenya.

Handwashing demonstration

We trained more than 29 people on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Handwashing demonstration

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

– Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

– Proper handwashing technique

– The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

– Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

Everyone practices the 10 steps of handwashing

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

– Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

– What social distancing is and how to practice it

– How to cough into an elbow

– Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

– How to make and properly wear a facemask.

Homemade mask tutorial

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Use the elbow to cough or sneeze

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Reviewing the prevention reminders chart

Community member Laurence Mashirobe said she appreciated the knowledge they received on COVID-19 from the training. She went on to say that if applied properly, the knowledge they got in the training would help them improve their living standards.

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

Community members pose for a photo showing their informational pamphlets

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.


The Water Project : covid19-kenya4746-trainer-karen-handwashing


12/05/2018: A Year Later: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring

A year ago, your generous donation enabled us to protect Laurence Spring for Shitoto Community in Kenya. The contributions of incredible monthly donors and others giving directly to The Water Promise allow our local teams to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the water project over time. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories. Read more…


The Water Project : kenya4746-phanice-nashilove


01/10/2018: Shitoto Community B Project Complete

Laurence Spring in Shitoto Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

16 participants met us at Laurence Spring for hygiene and sanitation training.

The trainer handing out notebooks and pens to participants so they can record what they learn.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many others.

Demonstrations were some of the most popular parts of the training, with participants enjoying getting their hands involved. We did this with hand-washing, teaching the 10 steps of washing with soap and running water. And since we were already near the spring, we were able to teach about proper spring use, management, and simple maintenance.

Mercy Madegwa said, “Thanks for the training. Personally, I had no idea on water handling. I knew that my water was safe after treating it with chlorine forgetting that handling was key, but from now I will take good care of it, be it at home or on my way from the spring.”

Participants posing for a group picture at their spring.

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided, and we asked a few people to volunteer their time and strength to help the artisan with manual labor.

Men helping our artisan by delivering bricks to the construction site.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Installing the discharge pipe

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Community members then helped us plant grass and dig cutoff drains to direct surface water away from the spring box. This process transformed Laurence Spring into a clean water source!

Community members assembled at the spring to sing songs and dance, as the officer in charge of the project handed this new clean water source over for their use. Mr. Laurence Nashilove spoke on behalf of his community, saying “We thank God for you, because very many political leaders had promised to protect this spring, but it never came to pass. In the past, they brought their artisans to protect the spring but whenever they arrived, the artisans complained of the big stone around the spring. But these artisans from WeWaSaFo are qualified. We now have safe and clean water, and our children will not suffer from waterborne diseases again.”


The Water Project : 27-kenya4746-clean-water


11/15/2017: Shitoto Community Project Underway

Shitoto Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Laurence Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.


The Water Project : 3-kenya4746-sitting-by-the-spring


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


A Year Later: Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring

December, 2018

“We are experiencing good health thanks to the spring,” Phanice Nashilove said.

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Give Monthly

A year ago, your generous donation enabled us to protect Laurence Spring for Shitoto Community in Kenya. The contributions of incredible monthly donors and others giving directly to The Water Promise allow our local teams to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the water project over time. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – and we’re excited to share this one from local team member Betty Majani with you.


This water project has changed things for the better.

The lack of clean and safe water for consumption had been like a thorn in the side of this community for decades. People contracted waterborne diseases and the money spent on medication contributed to the perpetuation of poverty.

That is now in the past. The community members are enjoying clean and safe water, and this is evident by the excitement the members have while fetching water.

“The project has made my life easier and enjoyable,” said Brian Murunga to us during a recent visit to the spring. “I have more time for personal studies since I take very little time to fetch water from the spring.”

Brian Murunga, his mother, and his sister at the spring

Community members now experience good health and have the energy and resources to engage in development-oriented activities. The attitude towards proper sanitation and hygiene has changed due to the hygiene and sanitation training that accompanied the spring protection. People know that practicing good hygiene is worth the time and effort.

“The good health I am experiencing has helped me reduce the number of days I miss school and this has helped me to perform better in my academics,” Brian added.

Protection of the spring is only one step along the journey toward sustainable access to clean water. The Water Project is committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by donors like you, allows us to maintain our relationships with communities by visiting up to 4 times each year to ensure that the water points are safe and reliable.

This is just one of the many ways that we monitor projects and communicate with you. Additionally, you can always check the functionality status and our project map to see how all of our water points are performing, based on our consistent monitoring data.

One project is just a drop in the bucket towards ending the global water crisis, but the ripple effects of this project are truly astounding. This project in Shitoto is changing many lives.

“We are experiencing good health thanks to the spring,” Phanice Nashilove said.

She is spending less time and money treating waterborne illnesses – as is the case now for most people in Shitoto Community. That means people can seize opportunities that will improve their lives.

Phanice Nashilove

This is only possible because of the web of support and trust built between The Water Project, our local teams, the community, and you. We are excited to stay in touch with this community and support their journey with safe water.

Read more about The Water Promise and how you can help.


Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Shitoto Community, Laurence Spring – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise!

Give Monthly


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