Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 03/07/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A day in Futsi Fuvili Community usually starts at the rooster's call at 6am when the men wake up to milk the cows. Meanwhile, the women clean the house and prepare breakfast for the whole family. After milking the cows the man takes the milk to the nearby shopping center to sell. The women send their children off to school, after which they head to fetch water for household use. And by then, it's time to start preparing lunch for the entire family, since children are given a break at lunch to return home. Once lunch is ready, the women are then free to work on their farms. The day usually ends after dinner at 8pm since that's when the sun sets.

Water Situation

Shikanga Spring serves about 50 households, providing enough water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and watering animals. But its water is dirty, contaminated by waste delivered by rainwater and animals that come and go. And since there's 350 people fetching their water from here, it's severely contaminated by all of the busyness in the area throughout the day. Not to mention the water containers brought to the spring aren't even clean!

The community took initiative, fixing a pipe at the place from which they saw water flowing. Now, they place their containers under the discharge pipe until full.

Water meant for drinking is transferred into another container at home, normally located in the living room. These are covered and made of clay, which is thought to keep the water at a cooler temperature. After drinking water from Shikanga Spring, people suffer from waterborne diseases that bring diarrhea, stomachaches and headaches. So much money that could go towards development is instead spent on treating these illnesses.

Sanitation Situation

The condition of latrines observed in this community were all over the spectrum; some were in great condition, while others were almost collapsing in on themselves. The most common latrine is made of mud and iron sheets. However, less than half of the households in Futsi Fuvili even have their own pit latrine. Because of these poor conditions, open defecation is an issue here. People prefer to use the privacy of bushes to relieve themselves, leaving their waste to be spread around the community by flies, wild animals, and rainwater.

Nobody has a hand-washing station, while few have helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines. Farmer Askari Shikanga is the landowner who invites his community to sate their thirst at this spring. He said, "The people of this community lack sanitation knowledge because no one has taken an initiative to seek for it; people are therefore still suffering and their inactivity to improve the situation has exposed the whole village to diseases. We are therefore at risk."

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe and adequate for drinking. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates

June, 2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Futsi Fuvili Community, Shikanga Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

Trainer Rose shows how to make a leaky tin

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Futsi Fuvili, Kenya.

We trained more than 12 people on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Handwashing demonstration

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

Village Head demonstrates handwashing

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Community members hold the prevention reminders chart

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

Rose shows how to cough into the elbow

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

December, 2018: A Year Later: Futsi Fuvili Community, Shikanga Spring

A year ago, your generous donation enabled us to protect Shikanga Spring for Futsi Fuvili Community in Kenya. The contributions of incredible monthly donors and others giving directly to The Water Promise allow our local teams to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the water project over time. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories. Read more...

January, 2018: Futsi Fuvili Community A Project Complete

Shikanga Spring in Futsi Fuvili Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Mr. Abraham was the person who first introduced us to the community, and he quickly became our contact person for activities. He went household to household inviting everyone to two days of hygiene and sanitation training. It was held at Mr. Aggrey Shikanga's place, since he lives closest to the spring and has a lot of shade for participants to sit under. It was attended by several community members, all who respectfully listened to our trainers and spoke boldly when they had questions.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many others.

Hand-washing with running water and soap

When it came to water treatment community members shared that they don't want to boil water because they don't have enough firewood, but they don't want to use chlorine either. They say chlorine gives water a bad taste. Thus, we taught them about solar disinfection.

Also, most families in Futsi Fuvili have over seven children! We taught quite a bit on family planning; that you can't support seven children by farming a small plot of land. We contacted a local medical practitioner who is more than willing to hold another training on this topic exclusively. The community is thrilled to have the opportunity to set up another training!

People started putting what they learned into action right away; some women had uncovered water containers which they promised to cover, while many others returned home to build dish racks.

Mr. Philip Shikanga said, "I take this wonderful time to thank you people for the good work you have done for us. Actually, we have gained a lot from the training. You have really made us learn more on water storage, family planning, hygiene and sanitation."

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided, and we asked a few people to volunteer their time and strength to help the artisan with manual labor.

A cart full of little helpers!

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Excavating up to the spring eye

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Water was diverted so that community members could still get water during construction.

Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Community members then helped us plant grass and dig cutoff drains to direct surface water away from the spring box. This process transformed Shikanga Spring into a clean water source!

Mr. Abraham said, "When I was growing up, my father had a strong desire to get this spring protected. Although he is now very old, and I'm old too, we are now happy that this dream has been realized and our kids will enjoy safe and clean water."

September, 2017: Futsi Fuvili Community Project Underway

Futsi Fuvili Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Shikanga Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and maps.

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!

A Year Later: Futsi Fuvili Community, Shikanga Spring

December, 2018

People here value the spring protection as evidenced by the fact that they keep the area around it clean and do not farm near the source; steps that keep the water clean and safe for drinking.

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Futsi Fuvili Community 2.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Futsi Fuvili Community 2 maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

A year ago, your generous donation enabled us to protect Shikanga Spring for Futsi Fuvili Community in Kenya. The contributions of incredible monthly donors and others giving directly to The Water Promise allow our local teams to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the water project over time. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – and we’re excited to share this one from local team member Joan Were with you.

The people living near Shikanga Spring love their water source. It is taken care of properly with fencing and farming activities no closer than 50 meters away, which prevents water pollution.

"Since this spring was protected, we are drinking clean water. We no longer have long lines at the spring and time is saved," said Jacob Askari, a boy we met collecting water at the spring.

Jacob Askari

The community members are now healthier because they are observing good hygiene practices and enjoying clean and safe water. These changes can be attributed to the protection of the spring last year. During the implementation of the project, the people were also trained on how to improve hygiene and sanitation, which gave them tips to stay healthy each day.

Protection of the spring is only one step along the journey toward sustainable access to clean water. The Water Project is committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by donors like you, allows us to maintain our relationships with communities by visiting up to 4 times each year to ensure that the water points are safe and reliable.

This is just one of the many ways that we monitor projects and communicate with you. Additionally, you can always check the functionality status and our project map to see how all of our water points are performing, based on our consistent monitoring data.

One project is just a drop in the bucket towards ending the global water crisis, but the ripple effects of this project are truly astounding. This project in Futsi Fuvili is changing many lives.

Rebecca Askari, her daughter, and field officer Joan Were

"After the spring was protected, our water is now clean. It no longer has worms in it and the rate of waterborne diseases has reduced," said Rebecca Askari.

"We are very grateful and we welcome you in our community."

This is only possible because of the web of support and trust built between The Water Project, our local teams, the community, and you. We are excited to stay in touch with this community and support their journey with safe water.

Read more about The Water Promise and how you can help.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Futsi Fuvili Community 2 maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Futsi Fuvili Community 2 – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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