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The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -
The Water Project: Navakholo Community -

Project Status

Project Type:  Well Rehab

Program: Well Rehab in Kenya

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Dec 2014

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 06/11/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed Navakholo community borehole is a communal water project. The borehole is located at the edge of communal land, which is also used for sports by the community. The borehole was drilled, protected and installed with a Nira hand pump in 1990 by Kenya Finland western water company (KEFINCO). The borehole has a depth of 40M with a static water level of 23 M. The registration number of the borehole is C–7471. The borehole seized functioning in 2011 due to a breakdown of the pump. Since then, the water management committee tried several attempts to rehabilitate the borehole but failed. The pad had also undergone serious degradation. The borehole initially targeted 60 households but the population has grown and the demand risen. The water management committee approached Bridge Water Project to help in intervening by rehabilitating the borehole.


Community member’s source water from an unprotected spring located 3Km away. Water from the springs is not disinfected hence susceptible to contamination. Most homesteads do not apply point of use treatment technologies such as addition of chlorine and boiling.


The population of Navakholo community is 80 household with approximate 6 people per house averagely 600 – 750 people. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)


Due to the challenges of accessing permanent water supply, hygiene and sanitation activities in the community and at the health facility had been compromised. Initial assessments revealed that most target beneficiaries were not keen on hand washing and latrine use. Most hand washing activities were done without use of soap or any other locally appropriate agents. A number of community members still defecated in sugarcane plantations hence compromising sanitary collection and disposal of feacal. Open disposal of children feaces in the backyards of homes was a common occurrence in the community. Water storage and handling was poor, most containers for collecting and storing water did not have lids exposing water to contamination. Most households had designated solid waste collection points but were not well secured and remained exposed to flies. Most families had dish racks in place, the only concern was storage of the cleaned and dry utensils. Most homes had kitchens or designated cooking areas. An assessment of few kitchens revealed poor hygiene and sanitation practices which often lead to breeding of disease causing vectors such as cockroaches.


Navakholo community is facing serious water and sanitation challenges. Access to reliable and clean water supply is still a major problem. Current water supply sources are either located far way, poorly protected or rationing. Most homesteads have access to pit latrines but the challenge lies in improving their conditions and promoting usage. Most community members do not wash their hands after defecating. Diarrhea cases were a common occurrence among children though just a few have been formally reported at the health facility. No health education has ever been carried out in the community. This has adversely affected the knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards hygiene and sanitation practice in the community. Majority of community plans also ranked water supply as their first priority. Rehabilitation of the water project is key in enhancing access to permanent and clean water to the target beneficiaries. The multi-facet intervention approach which includes community sanitation and hygiene training will go a long way in initiating behavior change among the target beneficiaries hence promote health and reduce diarrhea disease burden in the community.


Navakholo market and neighboring community members are the target beneficiaries of the proposed borehole project. The borehole targets to benefit approximately 50 households and 200 at the market.


The proposed Navakholo community borehole had a water committee in place. The committee comprises of five members out of whom two are women. The members were elected by the community freely in a democratic manner.

Project Updates

12/23/2014: Navakholo Project Complete

We are excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the water project in the community of Navakholo, Kenya, is complete.  The update below from our partner in the field gives the latest status of the project:


As the first step towards the implementation of Navakholo Community Water Project, it was essential for BWP to train the community members on proper Hygiene and Sanitation practices. The participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) was applied. This approach helps to empower community members to eliminate water and sanitation related diseases.

After a word of prayer from one of the community members, a brief introduction between the BWP team and the community members was done.

Problem Analysis

According to the Baseline survey carried out in Navakholo community, it was clear that Hygiene and Sanitation practices are poor. In some homes there were no hand washing stations, cloth line, and dish rack. Pit latrines and bathrooms are not covered well. For this to be accomplished, the facilitator took the community members through different activities. The activities used were:-

a)      Good and bad hygiene practices

b)      Investigating community practices

c)      How diseases spread

a)      Good and bad hygiene practices

For this activity, the two pile sorting tool was applied. This tool helps trainees exchange information on community hygiene behaviors and their impact on health through discussions. A set of two pile sorting were distributed among the community members. After discussing in groups, each community member made a presentation before the whole group. The good hygiene behavior posters were placed on one row while the bad hygiene posters were placed on another row. They all agreed that the posters represented all the practices in their community. It was a great learning experience since most of them had been practicing bad hygiene unknowingly.

b)     Investigating community practices

Investigating community practices is an activity that helps in collecting, organizing and analyzing information on individual sanitation practices. During the baseline survey some of the homes in Navakholo community don’t practice good hygiene and sanitation in that some of them don’t have dish rack for their utensils, their latrines and bathrooms are not covered, no hand washing station and so many of them don’t wash their hands and if they happen to wash it is not done in a proper manner. BWP facilitator emphasizes on the importance of hand washing and demonstrated on how they should do it thoroughly, which is using a lot of water with soap.

After the demonstration, BWP facilitator sought to find out from them the disadvantages of this habit. They are stated below:

1 Contamination of water sources.

2 Contamination of food by Flies that come from the feces.

3 Spread of diarrheal diseases.

4 Pollution of the environment through bad smell.

BWP facilitator urged the community members to make a habit of always washing hands before and after every occasion so as to curb the spread of diarrheal diseases.

c)      How Diseases Spread

Water and environmental sanitation play an essential role in the spread of many diarrheal diseases. These diseases are spread through person to person or fecal matter contact. Due to this fact, BWP used the ‘F’ – Diagram as a learning tool for the community members to know how those diseases are spread. The F-diagram shows the different routes that fecal matter use to get to the human body.

The ‘F’s represent Fingers, Feces, Fluids, Flies and Fields. The posters used reflected all the five ‘F’s and so the community members were required to show the route that feces use to get to the human body by use of arrows. After having a general discussion, the community members were able to come up with all the routes. They all learnt that diarrheal could easily spread if good hygiene is not put into practice.

Identification of solution

Identification of solutions helps to identify all the possible barriers than can prevent the disease transmission routes.BWP introduced the Blocking posters to the Community members so that they would use them to block the disease transmission routes on the F- diagram. The tool used for this exercise was the blocking posters. The posters represented Latrine use, Water treatment, Food covering and Hand washing. The community members went back to the F-diagram to block all the routes. Every route that showed a bad hygiene practice was covered by a good hygiene blocking posters.

Since Hand washing was one of the essential practices on the Blocking posters, the community members made demonstration of proper Hand washing through the guidance of the BWP facilitator. This exercise was important since most disease causing agents get to our bodies through our hands.

During the blocking posters exercise, the community members also discussed water treatment. They came up with the diseases that came about as a result of consuming contaminated water. The diseases mentioned were typhoid, cholera, dysentery and diarrhea in children.  This exercise was essential since cases of diarrhea and typhoid are very common in the community as found out during the baseline survey.

The community members also discussed different methods of water treatment which included:




BWP facilitator helped them understand that treated water could only remain safe if it is stored correctly in clean and appropriate containers and used correctly.


As community education session was being done, on the other side masonry work of Navakholo community borehole was being implemented, that is the pad construction process. The masonry team from BWP fitted the slab with sand and cement. The masons did the final finishing with cement by smoothening the pad to ensure the borehole was adequately protected. This was done with keenness to avoid contamination of the well. The well pad was then left for four days awaiting pump installation.


With the water level of the well at 15 meters, the pump was installed at 30 meters. 9 UPVC pipes each measuring 3 meters long were used during the installation. Nine stainless steel rods each measuring 3 meters long were also used. It was important to use stainless steel rods so as to prevent contamination through rust.


After completing the installation and ensuring that water was flowing from the pump, the water was handed over to the community members. The BWP team urged the beneficiaries to work in harmony towards ensuring that the pump was sustained. The chairman of the project stated that their next step of action was to fence the well area so as to prevent animals from getting to the well pad and causing contamination. The women were also encouraged to keep the well area clean and avoid washing their clothes at the well as it would lead to contamination. In their speech, one of the community women and chairman thanked BWP and THE WATER PROJECT for ensuring that Navakholo community has access to clean and quality water. 

We just posted some new pictures of the project, including the finished well.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help.

The Water Project : kenya4317-29-navakholo-community-smiling-faces

12/15/2014: Navakholo Community Project Underway

We are excited to announce that Navakholo Community in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water.  A well originally built in 1990 will be restored and repaired so that it is a dependable resource for the community.  The village will also receive training in sanitation and hygiene.  Together these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area.  We just posted a report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures.  

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4317-02-navakholo-current-water-source-2

Project Photos

Project Type

Well rehabilitation is one of the most cost effective ways to bring clean, safe water to a community.  Sometimes it involves fixing a broken hand pump, other times it means sealing a hand dug well to prevent it from being contaminated.  These repairs, and often time total replacements, coupled with sanitation and hygiene training make a huge impact in communities.