Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 325 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 03/11/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

A typical day in Kikube Nyabubale starts as the sun rises at 6am. The landscape is gently sloped into a valley with expansive sugarcane growing out to the East of the valley. Most of the peri-urban permanent houses are made of brick walls and iron sheet roofs, while the more rural areas have housing made of grass-thatched roofs and wattle wall.

The children prepare for school with the assistance of their mothers. The older males, including fathers, tether the livestock to graze and then proceed to the garden to work for a few hours. The older women help prepare the meal for the day. The children proceed to school and the women eventually join their spouses on the farm. Those who earn livelihoods from their businesses proceed to open their shops as early as 8am. They will tend to their crops over the weekend.

The majority of the families in the area grow sugarcane for sale to the Kinyara Sugar Corporation processing plant. This community has a moringa tree processing plant which employs more than 50 residents from the community. Some people will work there or as casual laborers in the sugar factory. And there are others who engage in petty trading at the nearby business centers.

Families farm until 2pm and return home. At this point, the women commence home chores such as fetching water, cleaning, and cooking, whilst the men take a rest under shade. Lunch takes place before 3pm after which the men and women return to work on the farm. On Fridays, the afternoons are spent selling excess crops and other items in the local market.

There is a borehole in a nearby trading center about 1 kilometer away and a shallow drilled well about 1.2 kilometer away. Both sources are mismanaged, according to our teams. The borehole is used by a lot of people and breaks down often. The shallow well does not have a use problem, but it is open to contamination due to poor sanitation in its immediate vicinity.

For this community, the protected wells are a long distance away and there is queuing given the high number of users for the water point in the trading center. This means people spend a lot of time fetching water each day, such as Margret Nyamahunge. The mother of seven children leaves each morning after sending the children to school in order to get water from the well located one kilometer away from her home. Between the walk and the time waiting in line, she often does not get home until 10 am.

"I have to prepare some food for my 2-year-old and those returning from school before proceeding to the garden late in the morning hours," she explained. "This tires me so much. I also miss out productive time on the farm from the exhaustion experienced.

For 72-year-old Beatrice Nyamaizi, 90 minutes of each day are spent fetching water. It is a struggle for her to have water consistently available at her home because of the toll it takes on her body to get water. She relies on her grandson Nerbert to help when he is home, but he is not always there.

"I worry a lot about my grandmother and how she copes with the situation of water when I am not around," Nerbert said.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

New Hand-Dug Well

With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new Consallen pump. The community will participate in excavating and constructing the water source.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes on average 12 days.

This well will be located in Kikube Nyabubale Community and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

Improved Sanitation

The aim is that all households own an improved latrine. It's estimated that fewer than 30% of the households have their own latrines, with 40% of latrines shared between two families and 30% by more than two households. In addition, none of the latrines have dedicated handwashing facility.

Many households do not use a latrine but use the bush. Due to open defecation, feces are spread all over the village. This leads to waterborne diseases and contamination of groundwater and surface water. Our aim is that the community is able to live a healthy life free of preventable diseases. We endeavor that at the end of our presence in the community, people will have both access to sustainable, clean water and access to sanitation. We have now organized families to form digging groups for latrine construction, and empowered them with tools to use.


Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of handwashing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the pump installation for a shallow hand-dug well.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, handwashing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that the current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Project Updates

October, 2019: Kikube Nyabubale Community Well Complete

Water is now flowing from a new hand-dug well in Kikube Nyabubale, Uganda. People are thrilled about this development that has further unified their community. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation planning sessions and financial training, and have learned a lot that will enable them to live healthier lives.

Hand-Dug Well

Construction of this new well was a big success!

There were no major delays during the construction process. The construction was done during the dry season when most of the community members were available since they were waiting for the rains to arrive before beginning the next planting season on their farms.

The process involved:
1) Community mobilization
2) Identification of the site
3) Hiring the contractor and technicians
4) Excavating until a viable water column was achieved
5) Lining the well with concrete liners and clay burnt bricks
6) Conducting recharge analysis to estimate the yield in liters per minute
7) Casting of the apron and drainage channel
8) Construction of the plaque stand
9) Installation of the Consallen hand pump
10) Water quality analysis and commissioning

The team found a static water level at 5.3 meters and continued down to 10 meters for the final depth of the well.

Godfrey Asimwe, 37, is married with 5 children, including 3 girls and 2 boys that all attend school. Godfrey is a sugarcane farmer and a caretaker of the newly constructed water point.

He is happy with the water point because it is clean and near home. His family used to collect water from another water point which he claimed was overcrowded, leading the water to run out at times.

“This new water point is a relief to my community," he told us.

"The water yield is good, it looks clean and it's available at all times. It is our water, and I commit to care for it, ensure it's clean and operational."

When asked what additional support the community needed, he quickly replied, “Sanitation.”

Financial, Hygiene, and Sanitation Training

The community was mobilized through a series of meetings that sensitized them on several topics. The first was the importance and purpose of financial planning and savings. This included meetings to create a community profile (mapping physical environment and stakeholders in the community) and a participatory vulnerability capacity assessment exercise. In this exercise, community members mapped out their shared risks and opportunities, including the water point breaking down. The savings group training date was scheduled with the community.

The training day was sunny but favorable for learning because it did not get too hot. The training was conducted under a tent at the village chairperson’s home.

Some 50 people were in attendance. Community participation in the training was very high.

A 1-day training was scheduled in 4 major parts: introduction, first saving meeting, first loan meeting, and share. Karungi Peace, Chair of the water committee, helped mobilize attendees as well by compiling lists of training participants following the prior meetings.

The weather was sunny and enabled the community to congregate at Mrs. Peace’s home. This home is centrally located, spacious, and shady. The weather was conducive and supportive of outdoor training. All 46 members of the group attended.

We worked with the community to establish both a Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) and a water user committee. The savings group set up a fund to provide small loans to each other and another fund that is used to pay for any repairs to the well if an issue arises. The group also agreed on a social fund that they contribute to at each meeting to provide grants to fellow group members to help them with funeral expenses or catastrophes such as fire damage.

Participants were excited that social funds foster unity and enhance the existing safety network in the community that ensures families against calamities. The participants were surprised by the fact that the 500 shillings contribution can insure them against challenges.

“I witnessed how a bereaved family in Rwemigali was supported by social funds contribution for burial and cohesion has provided labor and food materials," said one of the participants.

"Thanks for this opportunity.”

In collaboration with the community facilitator and local leaders, we trained households on how to build critical hygiene and sanitation facilities. Our teams are monitoring the construction of these facilities, such as latrines, dishracks, refuse pits, handwashing facilities, and bath shelters.

We have also trained local artisans on how to fabricate and sell sanitation products that allow for more hygienic and accessible latrines.

"We are all committed to ensuring safe water availability to improve our community hygiene and sanitation,” said Doreen Ashemza, a local farmer and member of the group.

Doreen Ashemza

Our teams will provide follow-up training to support putting the savings group into practice. Saving procedures and loans were understood and good skills and knowledge were gained from the sessions. However, continuous coaching will be required in records management.

In the other training, the community conceptually understood the sanitation and hygiene parts but will need support and monitoring to ensure follow-through in building new facilities and developing new habits.

Thank you for making all of this possible!

August, 2019: Kikube Nyabubale Community Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Kikube Nyabubale Community drains the time, energy, and health of the community members. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Hand-dug wells have been an important source of water throughout human history! Now, we have so many different types of water sources, but hand-dug wells still have their place. Hand dug wells are not as deep as borehole wells, and work best in areas where there is a ready supply of water just under the surface of the ground, such as next to a mature sand dam. Our artisans dig down through the layers of the ground and then line the hole with bricks, stone, or concrete, which prevent contamination and collapse. Then, back up at surface level, we install a well platform and a hand pump so people can draw up the water easily.

Giving Update: Kikube Nyabubale Community

February, 2021

A year ago, your generous donation helped Kikube Nyabubale Community in Uganda access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Sylvia. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Kikube Nyabubale Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kikube Nyabubale Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Sylvia, a young girl of 11 years, was interviewed on how the situation was like before this project was completed, and she said, "Before this water project was completed, I used to collect water from the open ponds within the swamp."

"I never liked fetching water from the swamp because the roads were very bushy, and sometimes we would encounter snakes. I had to first wait for my other friends so that I could gain courage while going to collect the water in the swamp," she said.

Sylvia was asked how this water point has impacted her life, and she said, "This water point has impacted a lot in my life because I can now collect more than two jerrycans of water in a day, and I can now go to the water point alone as compared to before."


She continued saying, "At this water point, we have a caretaker who always reminds us of cleaning our containers, so each time I go to the water point, I ensure that my jerrycans are very clean, and these days I no longer get stomach issues like before," She concluded.

When Sylvia was asked about some of the things this water point has helped her achieve, she said, "Before the Covid-19 pandemic outbreak led to the closing of all schools, this water point helped me improve on my academic performance because it gave me enough time to concentrate on my homework especially in the evenings when am back from school."

"This has been possible because this water point is now easily accessible, safer, and closer to our home," she said.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kikube Nyabubale Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Kikube Nyabubale Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Project Underwriter - Thomas C Bishop Charitable Fund
Kerrisdale Elementary School
Warren Hills Regional High School
The Pupils of the Lycee Francais of Vienna
Wilderness Way Ministries
Mitch Brownlie, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
The Campbell High School Fundraising Page for 2018-2019
Randall and Barry Elementary Walk for Water
Michael's Mitzvah Water Project
CalHi Choirs Clean Water Project
Avon Intermediate School West's Campaign for Clean Water
Students Making a Difference-GWES 5th Grade Superheroes
Isaac's Campaign for Water
William & Roy's Campaign for Water

And 2 other fundraising page(s)
6 individual donor(s)