This project is a part of our shared program with The Water Trust. Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).
Welcome to the Community
This hand-dug well will be installed in Kitanyata-Kyawako, Uganda. At this stage of the project, GPS coordinates and number served are estimates.
Kitanyata-Kyawako Village is located 26 kilometers northeast of Masindi Town, along Pakanyi Nyakarongo Road. This village can also be reached through Masindi Kigumba Road at a junction located in Kyatiri Town Board which is located 17km from Masindi. Despite easy access to water in general, the village lacks access to clean water. Its current water source is a muddy spring carpeted with algae. Common ailments reported among residents include diarrhea and malaria among numerous other waterborne diseases. All of these drain health, time, and finances for community members.
The village chief wrote a letter to request a well to help his people access clean water from a protected source. In his letter, he informed us that the residents of his village are in desperate need of clean and safe water, and that they are willing to contribute all local materials and labor to excavate the well. He further pledged to host the technician at his own home for the duration of the technician’s stay in the village.
Locals bring their yellow jerrycans to the stagnant water and dunk to fill them. Once water is delivered back home, it is separated into other containers by use. Drinking water is stored in covered clay pots, and water for domestic purposes is left in jerrycans.
After drinking this water, people report of complications like typhoid and diarrhea. Annet Tabu is a mother who lives here and shared a bit about the conditions. She said, "Kitanyata Health Center gets a lot of patients during the rainy season due to taking unsafe water from here. People suffer from cholera, diarrhea, and many other things." These rainy seasons are especially dangerous because of all the waste that washes into their water source.
No more than half of households have pit latrines, but most of them don't have doors for privacy! Because of these poor conditions, most people opt for the privacy of trees and bushes.
Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training
The main objectives of this program are to get locals to always have and use proper latrines, and to adopt proper hygiene practices. Open defecation, storing water in dirty containers, and no hand-washing are all possible contaminates of water supply at the household level. Providing clean water doesn't go far when the water doesn't even stay clean.
This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) per village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine with hand-washing facility, a rubbish pit, pens for animals, and a drying rack for dishes.
The training facilitator will implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach, which encourages local leaders to rise up and push the rest of their community to realize current practices at the individual household - particularly open defecation - are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. Community members will realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors, and will be inspired to take action.
Plans: Hand-Dug Well
To prepare for this project, each family must have a latrine. They must dig a pit and build a superstructure. After hygiene and sanitation training, new practices must be adopted. Six to eight local men must volunteer to help excavate the hole for the new well, and the materials needed for construction must be delivered to the site.
If no technical issues, this project will progress at a fast pace, taking only four to six weeks. The well will be lined with bricks and sealing clay. Once the well pad has cured, a Consallen pump will be installed by our mechanics. And once our community engagement team verifies that each family has their own latrine, the pump handle will be attached and the community can begin accessing clean, safe water!