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The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Filling Out The Dam With Mortar
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Transporting A Heavy Stone To The Dam
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Transporting A Heavy Stone To The Dam
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Filling Out The Dam With Mortar
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Filling Out The Dam With Mortar
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Filling Out The Dam With Mortar
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  The Trench
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  The Trench
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Materials Delivered To The Site
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Lenah Syupata
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Soapmaking Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Soapmaking Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Clothelines
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Muthungya Household
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Muthungya Household
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Muthangya Household
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Muthangya Household
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Alice Muthangya
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Nzalae Community Well
The Water Project: Ilandi Community -  Katalwa Twooka Oyu Shg Member Alice Muthangya

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Sep 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



This is our second year working with the Katalwa Twooka Oyu Self-Help Group. We installed a dug well and hand pump alongside a sand dam to help households in the community access safe water in Nzalae Community last year, and plan to work in Ilandi this year.

However, since we estimate a well can only support 500 people at most, more work needs to be done to ensure this region of more than 2,000 people can access safe water. That is why we work together with a particular group for five years to build sustainable water and sanitation solutions in group members’ villages.

Water in most parts of Kitui County is collected from unsafe open scoop holes in sandy seasonal rivers using 20-liter plastic jerrycans. This group draws water from their first shallow well. It is then loaded onto donkeys or some carry on their backs – especially those from households which cannot afford a donkey.

Some self-help group members from different villages live too far from the well in Nzalae. They’re exposed to long distances and the fatigue arising from journeys to the source. It also means that they are more likely to collect water from nearby open water sources. Implementing more projects evenly within this area will help bring water closer to everyone in the region.

“Over the past year, things have been doing pretty quite well with our first dam and well providing us with substantial amount water,” Mrs. Mary Nzoka said to us.

“However, some of us are still far from the project and we are looking to implement the next projects near those affected so as to bring water close to everyone”

This community has high levels of poverty with the majority of households unable to afford high capacity storage containers for their water.

The community showed commendable commitment to work on development projects, and after asking for another project it was easy to approve and continue working with them. Their goal is to bring water close to all of their group members in order to improve life in the region.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Ilandi Community has been the Katalwa Twooka Oyu Self-Help Group, which is comprised of local farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands in feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Training

We’re going to continue training group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. Though our visits to households were encouraging, we want to ensure that community members are practicing the day to day habits we’re not able to observe. Food hygiene, water hygiene and treatment, personal hygiene and handwashing will all be a focus during our next review.

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot further down the Kiluu River in Ilandi will bring water closer to hundreds of other people. After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 50.7 meters long and 4.62 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds living in this region.


This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for clarity) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


09/18/2018: Ilandi Community Sand Dam Complete

Ilandi Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was planned and organized by the Mumbuni Area Field Officer, Paul Musau, who communicated with the community members and settled on a date when Instructor Christine Lucas could conduct sessions. The members decided to meet at their sand dam construction site for the training. The reason for choosing the site as the venue was that they wanted to continue with construction as soon as the training hours were over. The training would begin at exactly 9:30am and end at 4pm so the members could use the remaining hours of the day to work.

Training started with a word of prayer from a group member followed by introductions with names, position in the group, and expectations for the training. Instructor Lucas used various methodologies to ensure each person’s understanding. She used group discussions, demonstrations, drama/role plays, brainstorming sessions, and question and answer summaries.

Instructor Lucas brought an easel and poster paper to record things as they were discussed.

The group worked together to learn more about:

– health problems they face

– differences between good and bad hygiene

– how germs spread and how to build barriers

– planning for change

– handwashing

– soapmaking

Mixing soap

The participants’ favorite activities were on problem analysis and handwashing. The members met together in a group and discussed illustrations of daily habits, discussing what was being done and how it might impact health.

Different people had different opinions on the illustrated activities, but by the end of the discussion, they were of common agreement. There was laughter during this activity, but most importantly, the women have agreed about best practices for carrying out their daily chores.

The handwashing demonstration began by constructing a tippy tap with local materials like a jerrycan and sticks. Once they learned this simple process, all the members resolved to construct a similar tippy tap in their own homesteads. One woman climbed a very tall tree to cut the forked sticks used to hold up the jerrycan.

The other women were very happy to see her climb a very tall tree to cut these sticks down. This activity will always be remembered by the women because climbing tall trees is an act associated with men. The climber shared her experience as she was climbing the tree to the rest, and they all shared laughter and excitement.

“The training was very good that’s why I attended all the sessions. I have learned a new method of water treatment and from today, I will no longer drink untreated water. I have also learned how to construct a tippy tap and learned the importance of having one. I also learned about diseases and how I can prevent them,” shared Mrs. Lenah Syupata.

Mrs. Lenah Syupata

“I have also been trained on soapmaking today. I will use the soap to wash utensils, latrines, and my house.”

Sand Dam

Katalwa Twooka Oyu Self-Help Group has only female members, who are all working hard to alleviate the water crisis in their location. These women were not accustomed to the difficult tasks like lifting large stones. This led to construction moving at a slower pace than most other projects as they did their best to support our sand dam artisan.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

The trench that was dug down to bedrock

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and twisted bar are used to reinforce the mixture. Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold the sludge and rocks up above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

However, it could take up to three years of rain (Because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. It is 50.7 meters long and 4.6 meters high and took 550 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was undertaken simultaneously with the construction of a hand-dug well which gives community members a safe method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a huge supply of water will be available for drinking from the adjacent hand-dug well.

To see that hand-dug well, click here.


The Water Project : 27-kenya18181-finished-sand-dam


06/25/2018: Ilandi Community Sand Dam Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage in Ilandi Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this area through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 2-kenya18181-carrying-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.