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The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  People Bringing Stones To Help The Artisan
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Simon Mugume Facilitating The Meeting
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Ejinga Household
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Ejinga Household
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Ejinga Household
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Unprotected Spring
The Water Project: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community -  Unprotected Spring

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 160 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Mar 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 10/01/2018

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

Most of Ejinga Community is awake by 6am to do their usual chores. Since the majority of community members are farmers, they go to their gardens to cultivate their tobacco and maize, which are the main cash crops in this area. The tobacco is usually sold to British American Tobacco Company (BAT) located in Hoima District. Some of the maize is eaten and the rest sold so as to get money for other things.

They work on their farms up to the high sun of midday, when it gets too hot. Then the men go to the trading center where they carry out other side jobs like repairing bicycles and selling wares. The women remain at home to care for their children and prepare meals.

However, transporting the food products to the market in Hoima is challenging because of the poor road network. Besides, the level of poverty in this community is very high – to the extent that some families even fail to buy food they need.


These 160 people rely on a nearby water source, an unprotected spring. At first look, the spring appears to be a murky puddle – but after a closer look, there really is a spring eye that keeps the water coming.

This water sits open in lush area, subjected to a myriad of different contaminants. Animals sate their thirst, children play and bathe at the spring, and rainwater washes things like feces and fertilizers into the water.

Containers are dunked directly into the water until full, and stored in clay pots back home. After drinking, there are cases of stomach pain and diarrhea (indicative of typhoid). The nearest health facility from Ejinga is Kasenene Health Facility, which is about five kilometers away. People are laden with illness, waste time and money to get treated, only to return to the source of their troubles. What other option is there?


Less than a quarter of households have a pit latrine – while the few we visited didn’t even have roofs to keep rain out of the pit. Because of these poor conditions, many locals prefer relieving themselves elsewhere. This waste endangers the entire community as it is spread by animals, flies, and rainwater. Some of this can even wash back down into the unprotected spring!

Everyone seems very relaxed when it comes to matters of personal and environmental hygiene. They need to be enlightened of how this negatively impacts their health, and then encouraged to adopt healthier practices.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices, since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the project installation.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, hand-washing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to: build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Spring Protection

Over continued visits to the community, the viability of a hand-dug well diminished. We just couldn’t find a good construction site for a well that would yield safe, clean water. The terrain here is very hilly; a great place for flowing springs but a difficult place to dig a well.

Considering the convenience, reliability, and long history of this spring, the community has decided to unite with us to build a spring protection system for their current source. Once construction is completed, the spring will begin yielding clean drinking water.

There’s a lot of work to be done: Community members will have to help our team clear the land around the spring, diverge the water, build a catchment area with walls allowing for discharge pipes and steps in and out, and dig drainage. Local families will host our spring protection artisans while they begin the sanitation improvements needed for a successful partnership. We all look forward to making these improvements together!

This project is a part of our shared program with The Water Trust. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Uganda.

Project Updates

08/16/2018: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community Project Complete

Ejinga-Ayikoru Community in Uganda has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your donation. A spring has been protected from contamination, and now clean water is flowing. Community members have also received training in sanitation and hygiene, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

We apologize for the delay in receiving this wonderful news from us. We have made improvements to our system to ensure that you always hear about your project as soon as possible!

New Knowledge

We trained the newly-formed water sanitation committees (WSC) at the trading center between Abangi and Ejinga for three full days. This was a great location to bring two different communities together to learn about their new water points.

There are 10 members in each committee including chairmen, village health trainers, local council chairs, and opinion leaders. Everyone was respectful and participated well in each activity.

Training taught committee members about their different roles. There is a WSC chairman, vice chairman, secretary, treasurer, two caretakers, and a mobilizer.

Since many locals are illiterate, our training facilitator used simple language and many pictures. Participants also formed small groups to discuss the pictures and what practices they illustrated.

Training raised awareness on keeping water clean, routes of contamination, hand-washing, hygiene practices, and gender. Lessons also equipped the WSC with the right knowledge to do their job well, including managing finances and keeping records. They are now able to be effective ambassadors of good hygiene, sanitation, and health in their neighborhoods. They even have a community plan to carry out everything they learned.

Spring Protection

The community was so helpful once our artisans arrived; they provided food, rooms to stay in, and volunteered their time to work alongside them. Lots of women and children searched for small stones that the artisans could use along the sides of the catchment area. With their great efforts, clean water was flowing from the spring in no time.

The area is first cleared and leveled out, and we excavate back from the spring eye. Ballast is then mixed with cement and sand to make concrete. A wire mesh is lain on the excavated space before the concrete is added in order to create a strong foundation. This foundation is left to cure overnight.

Next, the walls are raised with brick. The artisan then installs a pipe low in the collection wall to direct water from the reservoir to a concrete or plastic spring box. He then backfills the spring source with hardcore until water is flowing from the discharge pipe. The area around the spring is then landscaped, fenced, and drainage is dug.

As soon as clean water was flowing from the discharge pipe, community members were lining up to fill their containers. Mr. Samson Odara said, “I am just very excited for this water source! I can now wait and relax, and drink clean water at home.”

The Water Project : 10-uganda6084-clean-water

08/23/2017: Ejinga-Ayikoru Community Project Underway

Ejinga-Ayikoru Community in Uganda will soon have a source of clean water, thanks to your generous donation. A spring is being protected, and the community will attend sessions on sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including information about the community, project details, and pictures. Please look there to read about how the community decided a spring protection system is the best solution for their area. We’ll keep you informed as the work continues!

Click the tabs above to learn more, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : 1-uganda6084-unprotected-spring

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!