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The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Daugher And Mom Drying Dishes
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Spring
The Water Project: Katugo I-Alu Community -  Spring

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Mar 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 08/07/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

Most community members living in Katugo wake up in the cool of morning at 6am to work on their gardens or small farms. This area is known for their high production of bananas, which they sell to the neighboring markets to earn a living.

After farming all morning, most of the men go to the trading center to carry out business – some are shop attendants while others are mechanics. In the meantime, women do a lot of different types of handiwork like weaving mats and baskets which they also send to the market.

In the evenings, most men meet at the trading center to socialize.

However high the food production here, parents still fail to send their children to school, saying that there is no money for school fees. This community also has a poor road network which makes getting there difficult.


People living in Katugo rely on an old, broken down spring protection system to meet all of their needs. A majority of the cement has cracked and collapsed, while the ground behind the catchment area has exposed the water to contamination. The staff made their assessment of the old spring and concluded that is was beyond repair; a complete reconstruction is needed here.

With the ground around the spring compromised, the water that people collect from the discharge pipe is no longer clean; it contains dirt, farming chemicals, and feces that are washed downhill during rains. The water smells, and people who drink it complain of constant diarrhea.

Mr. Opua Simon is a 46-year-old farmer who relies on this spring. He said, “The old spring has unsafe water, so members suffer from skin diseases when they bathe in the water. The children are the most affected by this water.” The younger ones are less likely to outlast bad cases of diarrhea caused by typhoid and other illnesses.


Less than half of the families who rely on this water source have a pit latrine. The few we observed have walls for privacy, but either lack roofs or doors. This allows rain to flood the pit, not to mention the flies that are attracted to the waste – which then spread contamination throughout the village.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices, since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the project installation.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, hand-washing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to: build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Spring Protection

Considering the convenience, reliability, and long history of this spring, the community has decided to unite with us to build a new spring protection system for their current source. Once construction is completed, the spring will begin yielding clean drinking water.

There’s a lot of work to be done: Community members will have to help our team clear the land around the spring, diverge the water, build a catchment area with walls allowing for discharge pipes and steps in and out, and dig drainage. Local families will host our spring protection artisans while they begin the sanitation improvements needed for a successful partnership. We all look forward to making these improvements together!

This project is a part of our shared program with The Water Trust. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Uganda.

Project Updates

08/16/2018: Katugo I-Alu Community Project Complete

Katugo I-Alu Community in Uganda has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your donation. A spring has been protected from contamination, and now clean water is flowing. Community members have also received training in sanitation and hygiene, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

We apologize for the delay in receiving this wonderful news from us. We have made improvements to our system to ensure that you always hear about your project as soon as possible!

New Knowledge

We trained the newly-formed water sanitation committee (WSC) at Samuel Chandia’s home for three full days.

The entire committee was trained, 10 total members including a chairman, village health trainers, local council chairs, and an opinion leader. Everyone was respectful and fully participated in each activity.

Training taught committee members about their different roles. There is a WSC chairman, vice chairman, secretary, treasurer, two caretakers, and a mobilizer.

Since many people in rural areas are illiterate, our training facilitator used simple language and many pictures. Participants also formed small groups to discuss the pictures and what practices they illustrated.

Training raised awareness on keeping water clean, routes of contamination, hand-washing, hygiene practices, and gender. Lessons also equipped the WSC with the right knowledge to do their job well, including managing finances and keeping records. They are now able to be effective ambassadors of good hygiene, sanitation, and health in their neighborhoods. They even have a community plan to carry out everything they learned.

Mr. David Birungi said, “This training has been timely, and will help us maintain our water source well. We are going to ensure that we put in action what we have learned about water and hygiene.”

Spring Protection

The community was so helpful once our artisans arrived; they provided food, rooms to stay in, and volunteered their time to work alongside them. Community members gathered small stones that the artisans could use along the sides of the catchment area. With their efforts, clean water was flowing from the spring in no time.

The area is first cleared and leveled out, and we excavate back from the spring eye. Ballast is then mixed with cement and sand to make concrete. A wire mesh is lain on the excavated space before the concrete is added in order to create a strong foundation. This foundation is left to cure overnight.

Next, the walls are raised with brick. The artisan then installs a pipe low in the collection wall to direct water from the reservoir to a concrete or plastic spring box. He then backfills the spring source with hardcore until water is flowing from the discharge pipe. The area around the spring is then landscaped, fenced, and drainage is dug.

We were privileged to be there as some community members came down the path to fetch their first containers of clean water. Mr. Simon Opua said, “We have been sharing water with animals. Thanks… for accepting to support my community with the water spring, which will help reduce diseases like diarrhea, which has been affecting children a lot.”

The Water Project : 6-uganda6086-clean-water

10/20/2017: Katugo I Community Project Underway

Katugo I Community in Uganda will soon have a source of clean water, thanks to your generous donation. A spring is being protected, and the community will attend sessions on sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including information about the community, project details, and pictures. We’ll keep you informed as the work continues!

The Water Project : 1-uganda6086-spring

Project Videos

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!